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Eye/Ear Inflammation Health Feed

Middle Ear Infections - Everything You Should Know!

Middle Ear Infections - Everything You Should Know!

The human ear is divided into three parts, namely the outer, middle and inner ear. All these parts function in coherence with each other and help us in converting vibrations into sound and information. The middle ear consists of the air space between the inner ear and the outer ear and contains the bones that transmit the vibrations of the outer ear and translate them into information. This area is prone to infections, especially among children and thus may cause discomfort or pain

Symptoms of middle ear infections: Middle ear infections primarily tend to manifest themselves as inflammation of the tissues and buildup of fluids. Some of the symptoms are mentioned below.

Infections in children: Middle ear infections primarily occur in children although it can occur in adults as well. Some of the common symptoms could be:

  • Ear pain either sitting or standing up and especially while lying down
  • Irritability and crying, which in infants could translate to more than usual crying 
  • Problems with sound and difficulties in hearing
  • Fluid buildup causing balance related problems
  • Discharge of fluid in certain cases
  • Unable to sleep and also loss of appetite
  • In some cases children may have high fever

Causes of middle ear infections: The primary cause of middle ear infection is due to the presence of bacteria or virus in the area. The Eustachian tube, which runs from the middle ear to the back of the throat, is connected to nasal passages as well. Any infection that affects the throat or the nose may also affect the middle ear through this tube. Primary causes for the infections could be

  • Cold or flu like symptoms, which then infect the middle ear as well
  • Otitis media, which is the buildup of fluid and inflammation either due to the presence of bacteria and viruses or even without it
  • Seasonal infections, which are common during late autumn or winters
  • Air pollution is also known to be a factor
  • Infection from others, especially in the case of children when they are part of a group care
  • Children from 6 months to 2 years are also susceptible to middle ear infections as their immune systems are much less developed.

Treatment of middle ear infections: Usually, middle ear infections resolve on their own within a day or so. You can try warm compress with a soft piece of cloth to ease the pain. However, if pain persists for too long then antibiotic medications may be required to fight the infection with pain relief medications to lessen the pain and discomfort.

3519 people found this helpful

Middle Ear Infections - All You Need To Know!

Middle Ear Infections - All You Need To Know!

The human ear is divided into three parts, namely the outer, middle and inner ear. All these parts function in coherence with each other and help us in converting vibrations into sound and information. The middle ear consists of the air space between the inner ear and the outer ear and contains the bones that transmit the vibrations of the outer ear and translate them into information.

This area is prone to infections, especially among children and thus may cause discomfort or pain.

Symptoms of middle ear infections

iddle ear infections primarily tend to manifest themselves as inflammation of the tissues and buildup of fluids. Some of the symptoms are mentioned below.

Infections in children - Middle ear infections primarily occur in children although it can occur in adults as well. Some of the common symptoms could be:

a. Ear pain either sitting or standing up and especially while lying down
b. Irritability and crying, which is infants could translate to more than usual crying 
c. Problems with sound and difficulties in hearing
d. Fluid buildup causing balance related problems
e. Discharge of fluid in certain cases
f.  Unable to sleep and also loss of appetite
g. Some cases children may have high fever

Causes of middle ear infections 

The primary cause of middle ear infection is due to the presence of bacteria or virus in the area. The Eustachian tube, which runs from the middle ear to the back of the throat, is connected to nasal passages as well. Any infection that affects the throat or the nose may also affect the middle ear through this tube. Primary causes for the infections could be

a. Cold or flu like symptoms which then infect the middle ear as well
b. Otitis media, which is the buildup of fluid and inflammation either due to the presence of bacteria and viruses or even without it. 
c. Seasonal infections which are common during late autumn or winters
d. Air pollution is also known to be a factor
e. Infection from others, especially in the case of children when they are part of a group care
f.  Children from 6 months to 2 years are also susceptible to middle ear infections as their immune systems are much less developed.

Treatment of middle ear infections

Usually, middle ear infections resolve on their own within a day or so. You can try warm compress with a soft piece of cloth to ease the pain. However, if pain persists for too long then antibiotic medications may be required to fight the infection with pain relief medications to lessen the pain and discomfort.

2725 people found this helpful

Middle Ear Infections - All You Should Know!

Middle Ear Infections - All You Should Know!

The human ear is divided into three parts, namely the outer, middle and inner ear. All these parts function in coherence with each other and help us in converting vibrations into sound and information. The middle ear consists of the air space between the inner ear and the outer ear and contains the bones that transmit the vibrations of the outer ear and translate them into information. This area is prone to infections, especially among children and thus may cause discomfort or pain

Symptoms of middle ear infections: Middle ear infections primarily tend to manifest themselves as inflammation of the tissues and buildup of fluids. Some of the symptoms are mentioned below.

Infections in children: Middle ear infections primarily occur in children although it can occur in adults as well. Some of the common symptoms could be:

  • Ear pain either sitting or standing up and especially while lying down
  • Irritability and crying, which in infants could translate to more than usual crying 
  • Problems with sound and difficulties in hearing
  • Fluid buildup causing balance related problems
  • Discharge of fluid in certain cases
  • Unable to sleep and also loss of appetite
  • In some cases children may have high fever

Causes of middle ear infections: The primary cause of middle ear infection is due to the presence of bacteria or virus in the area. The Eustachian tube, which runs from the middle ear to the back of the throat, is connected to nasal passages as well. Any infection that affects the throat or the nose may also affect the middle ear through this tube. Primary causes for the infections could be

  • Cold or flu like symptoms, which then infect the middle ear as well
  • Otitis media, which is the buildup of fluid and inflammation either due to the presence of bacteria and viruses or even without it
  • Seasonal infections, which are common during late autumn or winters
  • Air pollution is also known to be a factor
  • Infection from others, especially in the case of children when they are part of a group care
  • Children from 6 months to 2 years are also susceptible to middle ear infections as their immune systems are much less developed.

Treatment of middle ear infections: Usually, middle ear infections resolve on their own within a day or so. You can try warm compress with a soft piece of cloth to ease the pain. However, if pain persists for too long then antibiotic medications may be required to fight the infection with pain relief medications to lessen the pain and discomfort.

3440 people found this helpful

कान का बहना - Kaan Ka Behna!

कान का बहना - Kaan Ka Behna!

कान का बहना अक्सर कई लोगों को परेशान करता है. इसका मतलब होता है कान से एक प्रकार के तरल पदार्थ का रिसाव होता है . इसे चिकित्सीय भाषा में ओटोरिया भी बोला जाता है. यह आपके कान में मौजूद वैक्स के कारण होती है. कान में मौजूद वैक्स से बैक्टीरिया या अन्य पदार्थ कान में प्रवेश नहीं कर पाते है. हालांकि, कान बहने के कुछ अन्य कारण भी है. कान के परदे फटने से भी कान से रक्त या अन्य तरल पदार्थों का रिसाव हो सकता है. यह आपके कान में चोट या इंफेक्शन का संकेत होता है. इस स्थिति में आपको तुरंत चिकित्सा लेने की आवश्यकता है. कान से रिसाव सामान्य, खूनी और सफेद हो सकता है. रिसाव के कारण कान में दर्द, बुखार, खुजली, वर्टिगो, कान बजना और सुनाई देना बंद हो सकता है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम कान के बहने से संबंधित विभिन्न पहलुओं पर एक नजर डालें.

कान बहने के प्रकार
1. पस या धुंधला द्रव: -
यह सबसे सामान्य प्रकार है. कान का इंफेक्शन को इसके लिए जिम्मेदार माना जाता है. यदि इंफेक्शन 10% से ज्यादा हो जाता है तो कान का पर्दा फट जाता है.

2. कान की ट्यूब से द्रव का रिसाव: - यदि किसी बच्चे को कान के इंफेक्शन होता है तो कान में वेंटिलेशन ट्यूब डाली जाती है. ये ट्यूब मध्य कान से तरल पदार्थ बाहर निकालती है, जिससे कान को शुष्क रहने में मदद मिलती है. जब ट्यूब बंद हो जाती है तो कान के तरल पदार्थ मध्य कान में बनते रहते हैं. इसके बाद कान की ट्यूब खुलने पर तरल पदार्थ निकलना शुरू हो जाता है. इससे एक दिन के लिए कान से कुछ स्पष्ट द्रव का रिसाव हो सकता है.

3. वैक्स:- वैक्स का रंग हल्के या गहरे भूरे रंग का होता है. यदि वैक्स गीला हो जाता है, तो यह एक रिसाव की तरह दिखता है.

4. खून: - जब कान में चोट लगता है तो यह रिसाव होता है. आमतौर पर, जब कान की लाइनिंग पर हल्की खरोंच होती है.

5. स्विमर्स ईयर्स रिसाव: - स्विमर्स ईयर्स के प्रारंभिक लक्षण में कान में खुजली होती है. बाद के लक्षणों में सफेद व पानी वाला रिसाव होता है. यह मुख्य रूप से तैराकों को और गर्मी के समय में होता है.

6. कान में किसी वस्तु का जाना: - कभी-कभी छोटे बच्चे अनजाने में अपने कान में कुछ छोटी वस्तूएं डाल लेते हैं. यह बाद में इंफेक्शन का रूप ले लेती है और पस के रंग का रिसाव हो सकता है.


कान बहने के कारण
 कान का इंफेक्शन तब होता है जब कोई बैक्टीरिया या वायरल इंफेक्शन मध्य कान को प्रभावित करता है.

1. बाहरी कान का इंफेक्शन (स्विमर्स ईयर्स): -
स्विमर्स ईयर्स के शुरूआती लक्षण में कान में खुजली होती है. इसके बाद कान से सफेद और पानी जैसा रिसाव होता है. यह मुख्य रूप से तैराकी करने वाले लोगों को होता है और गर्मी के समय में होता है.

2. मध्य कान का इंफेक्शन (ओटिटिस मीडिया): - मध्यम कान का इंफेक्शन (ओटिटिस मीडिया) तब होता है जब एक वायरस या बैक्टीरिया कान के पीछे के क्षेत्र में सूजन करता है. यह बच्चों में सबसे आम है.

3. मेस्टोइडिटिस: - यदि कोई इंफेक्शन आपके मध्य कान में फैलता है और आपकी कंबुकर्णी नली (यूस्टेकियन ट्यूब) को ब्लॉक करता है, तो बाद में इससे मास्टॉइड हड्डी में गंभीर इंफेक्शन हो सकता है.

4. हानिकारक ओटिटिस एक्सटर्ना: - यह लीकेज तब होता है जब एक कान का इंफेक्शन बाहरी कान और आसपास के ऊतकों तक फैल जाता है.

5. सिर की चोट- यदि आपके सिर पर किसी प्रकार की चोट लग जाती है तो इसे गंभीरता से डॉक्टर द्वारा उपचार करवाना चाहिए. इस स्थिति को आपातकालीन स्थिति माना जाता है, इसमें आवश्यक देखभाल की ज़रूरत हो सकती है.


कान के परदे को नुकसान- कान के पर्दे में किसी तरह का छेद या खरोंच से भी कान से रिसाव होने का एक कारण बन सकता है.
कोलेस्टिओटोमा: - कोलेस्टिओटोमा एक गैर-कैंसर रोग है, जो कान में विकसित हो सकता है.
सिर का फ्रैक्चर- इस स्थिति को आपातकालीन स्थिति माना जाता है, इसमें आवश्यक देखभाल की ज़रूरत होती है.


कान बहने से बचाव
कैसे बचें कान के बहने से

कान में इंफेक्शन से बचने के लिए, बीमार लोगों से दूर रहना चाहिए. स्तनपान से शिशुओं को कानों के इंफेक्शन से रक्षा मिलती है, क्योंकि उन्हें माँ के दूध में एंटीबॉडी होती हैं. यदि आप किसी अत्यधिक शोर वाले जगह पर जाते हैं, तो कान को ढ़कने के लिए कुछ इस्तेमाल करें. स्विमर् ईयर इंफेक्शन से बचने के लिए, पानी से निकलने के बाद कानों को अच्छी तरह से सुखा लें. इसके अलावा, अपने सिर को एक तरफ झुकाकर पानी को कान से बाहर निकालने की कोशिश करें.

कान बहने का इलाज
कान के बहने का उपचार इसके कारण पर निर्भर होता है. यदि कान के परदे में छेद बड़े हो जाते हैं, तो उन्हें कान को पानी को दूर रखना चाहिए. पानी को कान से बाहर निकालने के लिए रुई पर पेट्रोलियम जेली लगाएं और कान में रख लें. डॉक्टर भी आपके लिए सिलिकॉन के डाट बना सकते हैं और कान में लगा सकते हैं. ऐसे डाट को सही आकार और आकृति का बनाया जाता है ताकि वह कान में फंसे नहीं और आसानी से हटाया न जा सके.

Mastoiditis - Its Causes, Symptoms And Treatments In Homeopathy!

Mastoiditis - Its Causes, Symptoms And Treatments In Homeopathy!

Mastoiditis is a bacterial infection of the mastoid air cells surrounding the inner and middle ear. The mastoid bone, which is full of these air cells, is part of the temporal bone of the skull. The mastoid air cells are thought to protect the delicate structures of the ear, regulate ear pressure and possibly protect the temporal bone during trauma.
When the mastoid cells become infected or inflamed, often as a result of an unresolved middle ear infection (otitis media), mastoiditis can develop. Because so many vital structures pass through the mastoid, infection may spread outside of the mastoid bone and cause serious health complications.

Acute mastoiditis typically affects children, but adults can also be affected.

Some people have chronic mastoiditis, an ongoing infection of the middle ear and mastoid that causes persistent drainage from the ear.
Mastoiditis Causes:-
Mastoiditis most often develops as a result of a middle ear infection. Bacteria from the middle ear can travel into the air cells of the mastoid bone. Less commonly, a growing collection of skin cells called a cholesteatoma may block drainage of the ear, leading to mastoiditis.

Mastoiditis Symptoms:-
Mastoiditis symptoms may include:
- fever, irritability, and lethargy
- swelling of the ear lobe
- redness and tenderness behind the ear
- drainage from the ear
- bulging and drooping of the ear

Mastoiditis complications:-
Mastoiditis complications may include:
- facial paralysis
- nausea, vomiting, vertigo (labyrinthitis)
- hearing loss
- brain abscess or meningitis
- vision changes or headaches (blood clots in the brain)

Homeopathic Treatment:-

  • Aurum metallicum- Caries of ossicula and mastoid. External meatus bathed in pus. Chronic nerve deafness due to syphilis.

 

  • Calcarea Sulphurica- Chronically draining ear, mainly right ear. Thick and yellowish discharge which shows no tendency to heal.

 

  • Capsicum Annum- Burning and stinging in ear. Left ear remedy. Swelling and pain behind the ear. Inflammation of mastoid. Tenderness over the petrous bone, extremely sore and tender to touch. Otorrhea and mastoid disease before suppuration.

 

  • Graphites- Chronic otitis and external otitis, often together. Left-sided otitis nearly always draining. Chronic discharge from the ear, often thick, gluey and offensive. Hearing problems. Hearing better in a noisy environment. Chronic complaints after suppressed ear discharge.

 

  • Hepar Sulphuris- Scurfs on and behind the ears. Discharge of fetid pus from the ear. Whizzing and throbbing in the ear, with hardness of hearing. Pustules in the auditory canal and auricle, mastoiditis.

 

  • Kalium Muriaticum- Chronic glue ear. Ear: crackling and popping in the ears on swallowing or movement of jaw.

 

  • Kali Sulphuricum- Deep catarrhal conditions with sinusitis, bronchitis and otitis or" glue ear" ear: hearing loss from chronic serous otitis. Catarrh with chronic yellow discharge.Uncomfortable and irritated in a warm room, while the local symptoms of obstruction and mucus may improve. Mouth breathing and snoring. Irritable yet timid with those outside the family.
  • Mercurius Solubilis- Acute and recurrent otitis media with marked suppuration. Clear rhinitis (" cold") followed by thick discharge, then earache. Ear: more often affecting the right ear. Pain, discharge, hearing loss. Yellow-green offensive discharge from ear with difficulty hearing. Inflammation of external ear canal. Worse: night. Damp weather. Heat of the bed. Swallowing. Better: cold application. Local: sore throat with acute otitis.Tongue with dirty coating and tooth imprints. General: patient is sweaty, has excess saliva and a" sick" odor (especially the breath). Often with serious conditions: sinusitis, bronchitis or pneumonia.

 

  • Nitricum Acidum- Difficult hearing, very sensitive to noise. Chronic pain and inflammation in the right ear. Ear pains extending upward from the throat on swallowing. Severe pain; stitching ear pains. Ears cracking when person chews. Thin, offensive, acrid discharges. Threatened mastoiditis. Worse: night. Cold. Swallowing. Better: warm applications. Disposition: irritable and demanding. 
  • Petroleum- Itching and catarrh deep in the eustachian tubes. Chronic and purulent discharge from ear. Progressive hearing loss from serous otitis. Stitching pains in ears when swallowing. Chilly. Worse all winter long. Marked loathing for fats cracks on the fingers, especially the tips

 

  • Pulsatilla Nigra- Thick yellow or green bland discharge. Moods are changeable and contradictory. Mild and yielding personality. Mouth is dry but no thirst. 

 

  • Silicea Terra- Fetid discharge from ear. Caries in the mastoid. Loud pistol like retort. Sensitive to noise, roaring in ears.

 

  • Other Homoeopathic Medicine:- Asafetida, kali iodum,mercurius-iod rubrum, tuberculinum.

Hi, For the past few months, my right ear canal has repeatedly been inflamed. I went to my healthcare provider, was prescribed penicillin, and it went away - but then it returned. I went to my doctor in May, and still in October it is inflamed still. I stopped using q-tips after my doctor visit, but that did not help.

Hi, For the past few months, my right ear canal has repeatedly been inflamed. I went to my healthcare provider, was p...
You have otitis externa and the mild injury caused by Q tips get infected . Most people don't use Q-tips properly and wind up putting them inside their ears to feel "clean." ... Not only is ear wax good for you, but putting a Q-Tip anywhere except for the outermost parts of your ear can be a big detriment to your health
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Hello sir/mam, when I am swallowing something an unusual sound is produced inside my ear but there is no hearing problem. So what should I do? Please suggest me.

Hello sir/mam, when I am swallowing something an unusual sound is produced inside my ear but there is no hearing prob...
Hi lybrate-user. Actually this is normal physiological. Eustachian tube normalize ear pressure with each swallow. And this is good. Don't worry.
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Ear Infections - Know The Symptoms And Causes!

Ear Infections - Know The Symptoms And Causes!

Our ears are small in size, but ‘big’ in the work they do. Not only do they help us hear, but also help us maintain our body’s balance. They thus help us stand, walk, drive…you just name it.

Ears are also much bigger in size than they actually are. The part of the ear that we see on our head is only the external ear, there is a middle ear and an inner ear too, silently carrying out complex functions related to hearing and balance. The middle ear that lies behind your ear drum is the seat of balance. And this part is hit hard at the time of an ear infection.

Ear infections cause the Eustachian tubes – small tubes that connect the middle ear to the back of your throat – to become swollen and blocked due to excess mucus. As a result of this, fluid builds up and inflammation takes root in the middle ear, thereby causing pain.

Ear infections can be acute or chronic. Acute infections clear up in a few days, but chronic ones reoccur frequently. If not managed, chronic ear infections can cause permanent damage to the middle and inner ear.

Causes of Eustachian tube blockage are as follows:

  1. Allergies
  2. Sinus infection
  3. Cold
  4. Extreme production of mucus
  5. Smoking
  6. Infected adenoid, which is a tissue near your tonsils that traps harmful bacteria and viruses

There are a few risk factors associated with ear infections. It can be said that young children are more susceptible to these infections. This is because their Eustachian tubes are short and narrow. It has also been seen that infants who are bottle-fed have a higher incidence of ear infections than breastfed babies.

Other risk factors are:

  1. Changes in altitude
  2. Changes in climate
  3. Exposure to tobacco smoke
  4. Use of pacifiers

Symptoms of ear infections:

  1. Pain or discomfort inside the ear
  2. A prolonged feeling of pressure inside the ear
  3. Pus-like ear drainage
  4. Hearing loss

What is also important to know is that the symptoms of an ear infection come and go.

Symptoms can also occur in one or both ears. Chronic ear infection symptoms can be less noticeable than those of acute ear infections.

Hence, fever and ear ache should spur you to see a doctor. You should be extremely careful with babies younger than six months who have fever or ear infection symptoms.

Your doctor will diagnose an ear infection by checking if there is a draining of fluid from the middle ear, perforation in the eardrum or a collapsed eardrum.

Sometimes, ear infections can lead to the following serious complications:

  1. Hearing loss
  2. Speech or language delay in children
  3. An infection in a skull bone called mastoiditis
  4. Meningitis
  5. Ruptured ear drum

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2416 people found this helpful

Outer Ear Infections - Tips To Deal With Them!

Outer Ear Infections - Tips To Deal With Them!

Outer ear infections can be caused by bacteria, virus, or yeast. Also known as swimmer’s ear, as it is very common in swimmers who keep their ears immersed in water for prolonged periods of time. It can also occur when the skin in the outer ear gets infected due to regular use of cotton buds to remove wax. Though it is very common in children, it can be seen in adults too.

The first step in managing an outer ear infection is to identify it.

  • A dull, nagging pain in the outer ear is one of the first symptoms of an outer ear infection. Worsening of the pain when the ear is pressed is confirmatory of the infection. In some people, the pain could even spread to the rest of face, along with the cheeks or down the neck.
  • Foul-smelling, yellow or green drainage is an indication of outer ear infection. The person could feel that the ear is constantly moist.
  • This can be along the ear canal or in the outer ear skin.
  • Mild hearing loss, which if untreated, can be progressive.
  • Redness of the skin around the ear(s).
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes at the base of the jaw.
  • General symptoms of an infection including fever, lethargy, reduced energy levels, and overall tiredness.

Management:

Do not treat ear infections on your own. The actual agent causing the infection needs to be identified and treated accordingly. A bacterial infection may require a course of antibiotics, a viral one should be watched and allowed to run its course.

 

  1. Visit a doctor: They will check and confirm the infection.
  2. Ear cleaning: Cleaning the ear with either a suction or a curette. In some cases, there could be hardened wax which needs to be removed to get relief from the infection.
  3. Antibiotic drops: Either neomycin or ciprofloxacin is used in most cases.
  4. Acetic acid drops: This helps in keeping the bacterial population intact in your ears.
  5. Antibiotics: In severe cases, oral antibiotics may be required. Painkillers like ibuprofen may be also taken if the pain is unbearable.
  6. Saltwater: A home-made solution of vinegar and water or diluted saltwater provides great relief from ear infection symptoms.
  7. Heat pads: A warm, wet cloth applied on the cheek near the ear can provide great relief. It is advisable to sit when the heat pad is being applied to avoid burns.
  8. Preventative ear drops: When going for swimming long duration, OTC ear drops can be applied to provide relief.
  9. Avoid swimming: When the infection has set in and you begin to notice symptoms, avoid swimming for a few days.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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