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Eardrum Rupture Health Feed

Eardrum Rupture - Diagnosis And Treatment!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO)
ENT Specialist, Roorkee
Eardrum Rupture - Diagnosis And Treatment!

An eardrum rupture or perforation is a little gap or tear in your eardrum and the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that partitions the canal of the middle ear and outer ear. This layer vibrates when sound waves enter your ear. The vibration proceeds through the bones of the center ear. Since this vibration allows you to listen, your hearing can be affected if your eardrum is harmed. A ruptured eardrum is additionally called a perforated eardrum. Permanent hearing loss could be an end result in some cases.

A ruptured eardrum, similar to thunder; can happen all of a sudden. You may feel a sharp pain in your ear, or an ear infection that you've had for some time all of a sudden leaves. In some cases, the person may not feel any signs of the rupture.

Some of the causes for such a perforation are:

  1. Infection: Ear infections are a major reason for eardrum rupture, particularly in children. Liquids tend to deposit behind the eardrum in such cases.
  2. Exercises: Exercising can bring about pressure changes in the ear and lead to a punctured eardrum. This is known as barotrauma, and takes place when the pressure outside the ear is not the same as the pressure inside the ear. Activities that can bring about barotrauma include scuba diving or flying on plane.
  3. Other activities: Wounds can likewise burst your eardrum. Any injury to the ear or side of the head can bring about a crack.

Diagnosis: Your specialist can use a few approaches to find out whether you have a ruptured eardrum:

  1. A liquid test in which your specialist tests liquids that might spill from your ear from infection.
  2. An otoscope exam in which a specific gadget with a light is used to investigate your ear channel
  3. An audiology exam, in which your specialist tests your listening to range and eardrum limit
  4. Tympanometry, in which your specialist uses a tympanometer to test the pressure changes in your ear.

Treatment: The treatments are as follows:

  • Patching: In the event that your ear does not recuperate by itself, your specialist may fix the eardrum. Fixing includes setting a sedated paper patch over the tear in the film.
  • Antibiotics: Anti-toxins can clear up contaminations that may have prompted your eardrum break. They additionally shield you from growing new diseases from the aperture. Your specialist may endorse oral antibiotics or eardrops.
  • Surgery: In uncommon cases, surgery might be required to fix the gap in the eardrum. A surgical repair of a punctured eardrum is called tympanoplasty.

A cracked eardrum generally recuperates without any invasive measures. Many patients with cracked eardrums encounter just transitory listening problems.

2392 people found this helpful

I need an operation for mending the ear drum perforation I have in both my ears which has been well checked by my previous doctors. How much would it cost for the entire operation procedure? And how much time would it take to recover from the operation so that I can start going to work.

Dr. Monalisa Debbarman 88% (81 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in otorhino laryngyology
ENT Specialist, Pune
I need an operation for mending the ear drum perforation I have in both my ears which has been well checked by my pre...
It needs 2 days stay in the hospital ,n recovery time is 1 wk, it depends upon the hospital n wat type of room you want but approx total cost is 35000 to 40000.
2 people found this helpful
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कान का पर्दा फटना- कान में छेद का इलाज - Kaan Ka Parda Fatna - Kaan Mein Chhed Ka Ilaj!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
कान का पर्दा फटना- कान में छेद का इलाज - Kaan Ka Parda Fatna - Kaan Mein Chhed Ka Ilaj!

कान का पर्दा ज्ञानी ईयर ड्रम हमारे कान का एक ऐसा महावपूर्ण हिस्सा है, जिसकी सहायता से बाहर की किसी भी प्रकार की ध्वनि, हमारे कानों तक पहुँचती है. यानि हम कह सकते हैं कि कान हमारे शरीर का एक ऐसा सक्रिय अंग है जो हमें सुनने में सक्षम बनाने का काम करता है. कान के परदे की नली में मौजूद वैक्स, मूल रूप से मृत कैरोटीन ओ साइट्स से निर्मित होता है. कान का पर्दा बीच में तथा दोनों कान की नालियाँ इसके दाएं और बाएं और होती हैं. कान के पर्दे को मेडिकल भाषा में किन पैनिक झिल्ली कहते हैं. अतः जब भी कान के पर्दे में कोई बाधा या छेद हो जाए तब इसे कान के पर्दे का फटना कहते हैं. या का में छेद होना कहते हैं.

कान के पर्दे के फटने का क्या अर्थ है?
इसका एक मात्र उत्तर जानने के लिए हमें कान तथा, कान के परदे में कार्य के बारे में जानने की आवश्यकता होगी. इस क्रम में आपको बताते चलें कि हमारे आसपास उत्पन्न होने वाली किसी भी प्रकार की ध्वनि, कंपन के रूप में कानों के पर्दों में जाकरटकराती है. तत्पश्चात कान के पर्दे से उन कंपनों को विशिष्ट सिग्नल में परिवर्तित करके इसे हमारे मस्तिष्क में पहुंचाया जाता है. अर्थात कानों के पर्दों का कार्य ध्वनि के सिग्नल को दिमाग तक पहुंचाना है. लेकिन जब भी किसी वजह से कान के पर्दे में कोई छेद होता है तब यह सिग्नल को दिमाग तक पहुंचने में असक्षम होते हैं. जिससे व्यक्ति की सुनने की क्षमता में असर पड़ता है. तब कहते हैं कि कान का पर्दा फट गया या कान में छेद हो गया.

कान के परदे में छेद होने के कारण

  • किसी वस्तु कान में डालने से हुआ छेद
  • चोट लग जाने से खेलकूद के दौरान
  • कान के बल गिरना
  • हाथापाई में लगने वाली चोट
  • स्कूबा डाइविंग
  • अधिक ऊंचाई पर जाने से
  • एयरक्राफ्ट में सफर

कान के पर्दे फटने के लक्षण

  • अगर कान में दर्द है चाहे कम या अधिक तो यह एक लक्षण हो सकता है.
  • कान में घंटियां बजना या सुनने की क्षमता कम होना.
  • चक्कर आना, कान में हवा चलने का एहसास आदि कुछ और लक्षण हो सकते हैं.

इसके अलावा कlन से तरल का बहना या खून आना भी एक लक्षण हो सकता है. तरल का स्त्राव संक्रमण होने का इशारा करता है. ऐसा ज्यादातर छोटे बच्चों और उन लोगों में अधिक होता है, जिन्हें सर्दी और जुकाम की शिकायत होती है.

कैसे करें कान में छेद होने की पहचान
कान के डॉक्टर के लिए ENT डॉक्टर के पास जाना अनिवार्य है. यहाँ ENT का मतलब Ear, Nose or Throat के डॉक्टरों से है.
ENT डॉक्टर आपकी कान से रिसने वाले तरल का सैंपल लेकर उसकी जांच करता है. इसके अलावा कुछ विशेष जांच जैसे : ऑटो स्कोप, ऑडियोलॉजी, पता लगता है और जरूरी दवा और इलाज लिखता है.

कान में छेद होने का इलाज

  • चिकित्सकीय इलाज
  • कान के पर्दे में छेद का इलाज दर्द को दूर करने के लिए और भविष्य में संक्रमण को रोकने के लिए किया जाता है. डॉक्टर पर्दे फटने में निम्न प्रकार से आपका इलाज करता है.

पैचिंग: - इस विधि में का इस्तेमाल तब करते हैं जबकि आपके कान का पर्दा स्वत ठीक नहीं होता. ऐसी स्तिथि में आपका चिकित्सक छेद पर एक प्रकार की पैच या चेपी लगाकर इस पैच के सहारे पर्दे की झिल्ली को बढ़कर आपस में मिला देता है.

जीवाणुरोधी दवाइयों के द्वारा: - जीवाणुरोधी दवाइयों ईयर ड्रॉप्स और दवाई आपको डॉक्टर तब लिखता है जब आपके पर्दे में छेद की वजह संक्रमण हो साथ ही ये जीवाणुरोधी दवाइयाँ आपको छेद के कारण होने वाली संक्रमण के खतरे से भी बचाती हैं.

सर्जरी: - इस विधि में आपका इलाज सर्जरी के माध्यम से किया जाता है. इसके लिए सर्जरी के द्वारा आपके पर्दे को फिर से जोड़ दिया जाता है.

घरेलु उपचार

  • घरेलु उपचार में रोगी को ठंडा और गर्म सेक करने की सलाह दी जाती है.
  • कान का पर्दा बिना इलाज के कुछ हफ़्तों में अपने आप ठीक हो जाता है. यदि आपकी सर्जरी यानि ऑपरेशन हुआ है तो आपको पूरी तरह ठीक होने में कुछ हफ़्तों का समय लग सकता है.
     
1 person found this helpful

Doctor mere ear mein drum mein hole hai. Mai ek doctor se treatment le raha hu par woh kuch bata nahi rahe hai.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Doctor mere ear mein drum mein hole hai. Mai ek doctor se treatment le raha hu par woh kuch bata nahi rahe hai.
You have perforated eardrum and need surgery called tympanoplasty which is not painful and is rather a simple surgery
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Eardrum Rupture - How To Treat It?

Manavta Hospital 87% (30 ratings)
ENT Specialist, Faridabad
Eardrum Rupture - How To Treat It?

An eardrum rupture or perforation is a little gap or tear in your eardrum and the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that partitions the canal of the middle ear and outer ear. This layer vibrates when sound waves enter your ear. The vibration proceeds through the bones of the center ear. Since this vibration allows you to listen, your hearing can be affected if your eardrum is harmed. A ruptured eardrum is additionally called a perforated eardrum. Permanent hearing loss could be an end result in some cases.

A ruptured eardrum, similar to thunder; can happen all of a sudden. You may feel a sharp pain in your ear, or an ear infection that you've had for some time all of a sudden leaves. In some cases, the person may not feel any signs of the rupture.

Some of the causes for such a perforation are:

  1. Infection: Ear infections are a major reason for eardrum rupture, particularly in children. Liquids tend to deposit behind the eardrum in such cases.
  2. Exercises: Exercising can bring about pressure changes in the ear and lead to a punctured eardrum. This is known as barotrauma, and takes place when the pressure outside the ear is not the same as the pressure inside the ear. Activities that can bring about barotrauma include scuba diving or flying on plane.
  3. Other activities: Wounds can likewise burst your eardrum. Any injury to the ear or side of the head can bring about a crack.

Diagnosis: Your specialist can use a few approaches to find out whether you have a ruptured eardrum:

  1. A liquid test in which your specialist tests liquids that might spill from your ear from infection.
  2. An otoscope exam in which a specific gadget with a light is used to investigate your ear channel
  3. An audiology exam, in which your specialist tests your listening to range and eardrum limit
  4. Tympanometry, in which your specialist uses a tympanometer to test the pressure changes in your ear.

Treatment: The treatments are as follows:

  • Patching: In the event that your ear does not recuperate by itself, your specialist may fix the eardrum. Fixing includes setting a sedated paper patch over the tear in the film.
  • Antibiotics: Anti-toxins can clear up contaminations that may have prompted your eardrum break. They additionally shield you from growing new diseases from the aperture. Your specialist may endorse oral antibiotics or eardrops.
  • Surgery: In uncommon cases, surgery might be required to fix the gap in the eardrum. A surgical repair of a punctured eardrum is called tympanoplasty.

A cracked eardrum generally recuperates without any invasive measures. Many patients with cracked eardrums encounter just transitory listening problems.

4228 people found this helpful

Eardrum Rupture - How Can It Be Treated?

Dr. Pradeep R K A 93% (267 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Trivandrum
Eardrum Rupture - How Can It Be Treated?

An eardrum rupture or perforation is a little gap or tear in your eardrum and the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that partitions the canal of the middle ear and outer ear. This layer vibrates when sound waves enter your ear. The vibration proceeds through the bones of the center ear. Since this vibration allows you to listen, your hearing can be affected if your eardrum is harmed. A ruptured eardrum is additionally called a perforated eardrum. Permanent hearing loss could be an end result in some cases.

A ruptured eardrum, similar to thunder; can happen all of a sudden. You may feel a sharp pain in your ear, or an ear infection that you've had for some time all of a sudden leaves. In some cases, the person may not feel any signs of the rupture.

Some of the causes for such a perforation are:

  1. Infection: Ear infections are a major reason for eardrum rupture, particularly in children. Liquids tend to deposit behind the eardrum in such cases.
  2. Exercises: Exercising can bring about pressure changes in the ear and lead to a punctured eardrum. This is known as barotrauma, and takes place when the pressure outside the ear is not the same as the pressure inside the ear. Activities that can bring about barotrauma include scuba diving or flying on plane.
  3. Other activities: Wounds can likewise burst your eardrum. Any injury to the ear or side of the head can bring about a crack.

Diagnosis: Your specialist can use a few approaches to find out whether you have a ruptured eardrum:

  1. A liquid test in which your specialist tests liquids that might spill from your ear from infection.
  2. An otoscope exam in which a specific gadget with a light is used to investigate your ear channel
  3. An audiology exam, in which your specialist tests your listening to range and eardrum limit
  4. Tympanometry, in which your specialist uses a tympanometer to test the pressure changes in your ear.

Treatment:

The treatments are as follows:

  • Patching: In the event that your ear does not recuperate by itself, your specialist may fix the eardrum. Fixing includes setting a sedated paper patch over the tear in the film.
  • Antibiotics: Anti-toxins can clear up contaminations that may have prompted your eardrum break. They additionally shield you from growing new diseases from the aperture. Your specialist may endorse oral antibiotics or eardrops.
  • Surgery: In uncommon cases, surgery might be required to fix the gap in the eardrum. A surgical repair of a punctured eardrum is called tympanoplasty.

A cracked eardrum generally recuperates without any invasive measures. Many patients with cracked eardrums encounter just transitory listening problems.

4421 people found this helpful

कान का पर्दा फटना - Kaan Ka Parda Phatna!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
कान का पर्दा फटना - Kaan Ka Parda Phatna!

कान का पर्दे फटना या कान के पर्दे में छेद हो जाना, किसी भी पीड़ित के लिए बहुत ही गंभीर स्थिति हो सकती है. इसका होना अचानक से बिजली गिर जाना हो सकता है. इसके हो जाने कान में बहुत तेज़ दर्द का अनुभव हो सकता है. जबकि कुछ मामलों में देखा गया हैं कि इससे पीड़ित व्यक्ति को किसी भी तरह के लक्षण का कोई अनुभव नहीं होता है. इसे साइंटिफिक भाषा में टिम्पेनिक मेम्ब्रेन कहा जाता है.

कान का पर्दा फट जाने से मिडल कान का इन्फेक्शन और सुनने में परेशानी हो सकती है. अगर स्थिति गंभीर हो तो हो सकता है कि सर्जरी आदि की ज़रूरत भी हो सकती है. इंसान के कान का पर्दा दो जरूरी भागों से फंक्शन करता है जो साउंड वेव को सेंस करता है और वाइब्रेशन को धमनी के ज़रिए दिमाग तक पहुँचाती है. साथ ही मिडल कान को इन्फेक्शन और पानी आदि से भी बचाता है. वहीँ कान का पर्दे फट जाने से इन्फेक्शन मिडिल कान तक पहुँच जाता है. जिस कारण कान में इन्फेक्शन हो जाता है.

कान का पर्दा फटने के कई कारण हो सकते है. जैसे अत्यधिक दबाव के कारण भी कान का पर्दा फट सकता है. जिस कारण अचानक दर्द आदि हो सकता है. जिसके बाद कान से मवाद या कहे पस आदि डिस्चार्ज हो सकता है.

इसके अलावा बहुत बार देखा जाता है कि पिन आदि से कान साफ़ करने के चक्कर में भी कान के पर्दे को क्षति पहुँच जाती है. अगर बात करें बच्चे की तो बहुत बार देखा जाता है कि बच्चे अपने कान में कुछ भी डाल लेते है. जिस कारण से उनके कान के पर्दे को नुकसान पहुँच जाता है.

कुछ कान के पर्दे में छेद होने की स्थिति को बैरोट्रामा कहा जाता है. इसका कारण होता है कान के अंदर और बाहर समान दबाव को न होना. इसका सबसे बेहतरीन उदाहरण है, एयरोप्लेन में सफर करना है. जब अल्टीटुड बदलता है तो कान में दबाव पड़ता है, जिस कारण कान में तेज़ दर्द आदि होता है. आजकल प्लेन में केबिन क्रू अंदर का दबाव बदलता है जिससे ऐसा नहीं होता है. ऐसी ही स्थिति स्कूबा डाइवर के साथ होती है.

इसके अलावा देखा जाता है कि बहुत से लोगों को सिर में चोट आदि लग जाती है. जिस कारण उनके सुनने की क्षमता प्रभावित होती है. साथ ही मानव कान की शोर सुनने की एक क्षमता होती है. उस क्षमता से तेज़ शोर सुनने से भी कान के पर्दे पर दुष्प्रभाव पड़ता है. जिस कारण कान का पर्दा फट सकता है.

कान का पर्दा फटने से पीड़ित व्यक्ति को कान में तेज़ और धीमा दर्द होता रहता है. साथ ही हो सकता है कि उसके कान में कोई शोर चलता रहें. इसके अलावा सुनने की क्षति, सिरदर्द, मतली, उल्टी या कान के पर्दे का टीयर आदि हो सकता है.

अगर इलाज की बात करें तो कान के फटे पर्दे का कोई स्पष्ट इलाज नही होता है. ऐसा होने पर डॉक्टर से परामर्श बहुत जरूरी है. हो सकता है कि डॉक्टर आपको कुछ एंटीबायोटिक दवा आदि दें, जिससे आपका इंफेक्शन आदि कम हो सके. गंभीर मामलों में देखा गया है कि चिकित्सक आपको सर्जरी की सलाह दे सकता है. जिसके बाद इसके ठीक होने तक आपको तैराकी या स्कूबा डाइविंग आदि से दूर रहना पड़ेगा. साथ ही डॉक्टर द्वारा दिए गए दिशा निर्देशों का पालन करना पड़ेगा.

Foreign Bodies In Ear/Nose/Throat - What Should You Do To Manage Them?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Foreign Bodies In Ear/Nose/Throat - What Should You Do To Manage Them?

What is a foreign body (FB)?
Foreign body or FB is an object or piece of extraneous matter that has entered the body by accident or design. It is common to see certain items getting stuck in the ear, nose or throat especially, in young children. While most of the time they do not raise an alarm, however, sometimes they can lead to severe consequences like rupture of the eardrum or even choking.

How do FBs affect ear, nose and throat?

  • Children over 9 months develop an ability to pick up objects. As they explore the environment around them, they tend to put items such as peas, beans, marbles, beads, cotton, paper, etc, in their mouth, nose or ears. A similar trend can be seen in adults with mental disorders.
  • Trauma/ fall/accident can force FBs like rock, pebbles into the ear, nose or throat.
  • Adults while riding a bike or sleeping on the ground (campsites) can have insects: flies, ants, roaches fly into the nose or ear.
  • Choking occurs when FBs block the airway, common reasons are: not chewing the food properly, diseases like Parkinsonism, drinking alcohol or certain drugs that slowdowns the process of swallowing.

Foreign bodies in the ear
Symptoms: Pain in the ear, discharge or bleeding from the ear, feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear and dizziness and nausea in extreme cases.

Management:

  • Make sure the patient is sitting in an upright position, pull the pinna or outer semicircle of the ear towards the back. This can help you see the object clearly and also loosen it to wiggle out. If you can see the object clearly, use a tweezer to grasp the object and gently remove.
  • In case a live insect gets trapped inside the ear lie down and place few drops of warm vegetable or baby oil. Use oil only if symptoms of eardrum perforation like pain, bleeding/discharge from the ear is absent.
  • Tilting the head to the affected side can facilitate gravity to dislodge the object.

Foreign bodies in the nose:
Symptoms: 
Pain and difficulty in breathing from that side of the nose.
Management: Keep the uninvolved nostril closed by pressing a finger against the side of the nose and gently ask the person to blow from the affected nostril.

Foreign bodies in the throat:
Symptoms: Choking, inability to breathe and speak 
Management: Perform Heimlich maneuver, abdominal thrusts, if trained otherwise, it is advised to call for medical help immediately.

How can you prevent foreign bodies from entering your ear, nose, throat?

  • Discourage talking, playing, laughing when food is in the mouth.
  • Do not give whole grapes, popcorn, nuts to children below 3 years.
  • Keep small objects out of reach of small children.
  • Teach children to avoid placing objects into their nose, ears.
5770 people found this helpful

Eardrum Rupture - Know How It Can Be Treated!

DNB (ENT), Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MBBS, SR (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Ahmedabad
Eardrum Rupture - Know How It Can Be Treated!

An eardrum rupture or perforation is a little gap or tear in your eardrum and the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that partitions the canal of the middle ear and outer ear. This layer vibrates when sound waves enter your ear. The vibration proceeds through the bones of the center ear. Since this vibration allows you to listen, your hearing can be affected if your eardrum is harmed. A ruptured eardrum is additionally called a perforated eardrum. Permanent hearing loss could be an end result in some cases.

A ruptured eardrum, similar to thunder; can happen all of a sudden. You may feel a sharp pain in your ear, or an ear infection that you've had for some time all of a sudden leaves. In some cases, the person may not feel any signs of the rupture.

Some of the causes for such a perforation are:

  1. Infection: Ear infections are a major reason for eardrum rupture, particularly in children. Liquids tend to deposit behind the eardrum in such cases.
  2. Exercises: Exercising can bring about pressure changes in the ear and lead to a punctured eardrum. This is known as barotrauma, and takes place when the pressure outside the ear is not the same as the pressure inside the ear. Activities that can bring about barotrauma include scuba diving or flying on plane.
  3. Other activities: Wounds can likewise burst your eardrum. Any injury to the ear or side of the head can bring about a crack.

Diagnosis: Your specialist can use a few approaches to find out whether you have a ruptured eardrum:

  1. A liquid test in which your specialist tests liquids that might spill from your ear from infection.
  2. An otoscope exam in which a specific gadget with a light is used to investigate your ear channel
  3. An audiology exam, in which your specialist tests your listening to range and eardrum limit
  4. Tympanometry, in which your specialist uses a tympanometer to test the pressure changes in your ear.

Treatment: The treatments are as follows:

  • Patching: In the event that your ear does not recuperate by itself, your specialist may fix the eardrum. Fixing includes setting a sedated paper patch over the tear in the film.
  • Antibiotics: Anti-toxins can clear up contaminations that may have prompted your eardrum break. They additionally shield you from growing new diseases from the aperture. Your specialist may endorse oral antibiotics or eardrops.
  • Surgery: In uncommon cases, surgery might be required to fix the gap in the eardrum. A surgical repair of a punctured eardrum is called tympanoplasty.

A cracked eardrum generally recuperates without any invasive measures. Many patients with cracked eardrums encounter just transitory listening problems.

4696 people found this helpful

Hi, When I swell anything I fell that my eardrum is stretched out. Please tell me a best treatment and medicine.

Dr. Pradeep R K A 93% (267 ratings)
MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Trivandrum
Hi, When I swell anything I fell that my eardrum is stretched out. Please tell me a best treatment and medicine.
To an extend ignore it. Use saline nasal drops 2 drops thrice daily and antihistamines in the night for 5 days. After that consult me, will review then.
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