Dysmenorrhoea is the term used to describe painful periods. Normal ovulatory menstruation can be painful, but when it affects one’s routine for example absence in school or office or unable to do day-to-day activities, it has to be investigated and treated. Women of any age can experience painful periods. Some women find periods are no longer painful after pregnancy and childbirth
Symptoms of dysmenorrhoea
Pain low in the abdomen that can spread to the lower back and legs
Pain that is gripping or experienced as a constant ache, or a combination of both.
The pain starts when the period starts, or earlier
The first 24 hours is the most painful
Clots are passed in the menstrual blood mostly pain is relieved after the passage of clots.
Dysmenorrhoea can be associated with:
Premenstrual symptoms, such as tender breasts
Types of Dysmenorrhoea:
Causes of Primary dysmenorrhea
Normal menstruation that happens to be painful is known as primary dysmenorrhea. In primary dysmenorrhoea, it is thought that the muscles of the uterus contract harder than normal to excrete the thickened lining (endometrium). These contractions may also reduce blood flow to the uterus which makes the pain worse. The hormone-like compounds that prompt these contractions are prostaglandins. The reason for the increased prostaglandins is not known. This type of dysmenorrhea diminishes with age. It is mostly seen in the adolescent period due to low pain threshold, tension and anxiety.
Causes of secondary dysmenorrhoea
According to Ayurveda, there is no pain without vata. Apan vayu is the subtype of vata dosha which is responsible for excretion of waste, cell division and any movement in the body. When there is vitiation of vata, instead of proper direction, apan vayu works in opposite direction. As reproductive organs are under influence of apan vayu, there is colicky pain and the discharge is thrown out with difficulty and becomes frothy. When the position of the uterus is distorted due to faulty positions and excessive coitus, the mouth of the uterus becomes curved and uterus falls back which is responsible for painful intercourse and painful menses. When along with vata, pitta is also vitiated then there are symptoms like chronic backache, painful menses, painful intercourse and periods with excessive bleeding; which can be corelated with PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease).
Treatment: Correction of Apana Vata vitiation is the main objective of the treatment. The site of Apana Vata is last part of the intestines. Etiological factors which lead to Apana Vata provocation need to be strictly avoided.
Take Fresh fruits and vegetables
Avoid salty spicy fried junk food
Take Asafoetida in diet
Add Cow ghee in diet
Some useful Medicines:
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!