A dog is often known as the most faithful animal and human’s best friend. In spite of the friendly nature of dogs, some dogs turn aggressive at times and end up biting the person. Research speaks dog bites are most common and account for more than 90% of the animal bite all over the world. Added to that, it is around 4.5 million people in the US being a victim of a dog bite every year and increasing number of victims that calls for surgical issues.
A dog bite carries infection caused by bacteria that get inside the tissues of the human. Bacteria that are involved in causing infection from dog bite include Staphylococcus, Streptococcus and Pasteurella. However, if the cause of the dog bite is concerned, one cannot blame the entire thing on dogs always. It has been observed that increase in dog bites recently is the cause of disturbance on the part of the human beings. People are seen to disturb the dogs while eating and teasing them making them furious and aggressive on humans. This mostly occurs in case of street dogs whereas, dogs that are kept as a pet in home are found rare to attack people considered they don’t smell something fishy and risky.
On the other hand, a dog bite does not always result in rabies infection in the victim‘s body, it depends whether the dog has got rabies infection in the blood. However, in order to remain safe from dog bites, it is generally advised not to go close to dogs that are unknown. Along with that, dogs that look aggressive are better to be avoided while you are not to run or scream if you face an angry dog. In case if a street dog bites you, consulting with a doctor would be safe and risk-free.
The person who is bitten by a dog is eligible for the treatment. However, treatment procedure differs depending on the intensity and severity of injury.
The person who has not experienced any injury from any dog or not bitten by dogs do not require this treatment.
On being prescribed the course of rabies vaccine, you need to be prepared for certain side effects pertaining to the rabies vaccine for consecutive few days. These side effects are an excessive headache, dizziness may give rise to stomach pain, muscle pain and nausea. Further, body fever that can rise up to 104 is much expected while you are undergoing rabies vaccine. Breathing, swallowing and eye movement problems also remain some of the side effects of the vaccine.
Even if the injury is deep, stitching is not allowed. This is because stitching may result in storing the germ in the injury area and further spread the infection into the blood. After you are done with five doses of rabies vaccine, you can feel safe. However, intake of alcohol during this period and even after the vaccination is restricted for some days. Alcohol result in prohibiting the manufacture of various antibodies in the body and thus does not produce proper result.
Recovery depends on how much big is the injury. Previously rabies vaccine included 5 doses that are injected into the blood at strict intervals. Currently, the revised and advanced version of rabies includes 3 doses. The first dose should be given within minimum hours of the dog bite, 2nd dose in an interval of 7 days while the 3rd one is required to take in an interval of 28 days from the 1st dose.
The treatment cost of a dog bite varies on the intensity of the injury of the victim. A rabies vaccine that stands necessary cost around 1000 INR for each dose. Overall it costs around 5000 INR for the entire treatment process.
In spite of various side effects of rabies vaccine, it makes sure to produce the antibodies in the blood and kill the rabies infection. In case of severe injury around the head and the neck, hospitalisation or intense medication is required. This takes more time for recovery.
Doctors generally prescribe antibiotics or acidophilus along with judging if the injury requires rabies vaccine. However, the usefulness of natural products stands inevitable and use of chilli powder, gentian extract, chamomile tincture, garlic and Echinacea tea largely helps in the recovery process. Plantain can be used to stop bleeding in the wounds.
Rs 3000 to Rs 6000.
At home to know that your dog is fit, alert & free from any kind of ailments, you must monitor the following factors-
1. Playful, active, alert & response adequately to your calls
2. A sound appetite denoting a good health status.
3. Learn how to measure rectal temperature. A rectal temperature must not be lower than 99'F and should not cross 102'F.
4. Water intake is normal.
5. Urination, defecation should be upto the mark.
6. Tip of the nose will be bright, cool & moistened enough.
If all these factors say you that your dog is absolutely fine, you may consider nothing bad is waiting to be happened at the early hours.
1. Make sure your dog has unlimited access to fresh water all the time.
2. Make sure your dog has access to shade when outside.
3. Take walks during the cooler hours of the day. Avoid 5-7 pm evening as the steam emitting from the road can kill your pet with heat stroke!
4. When walking, try to stay off of hot surfaces (like coal tar roads) because it can burn your dog's paws.
5. If you feel it's hot outside, it's even hotter for your pet - make sure your pet has a means of cooling off.