Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments

Dog Bite: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A dog is often known as the most faithful animal and human’s best friend. In spite of the friendly nature of dogs, some dogs turn aggressive at times and end up biting the person. Research speaks dog bites are most common and account for more than 90% of the animal bite all over the world. Added to that, it is around 4.5 million people in the US being a victim of a dog bite every year and increasing number of victims that calls for surgical issues.

A dog bite carries infection caused by bacteria that get inside the tissues of the human. Bacteria that are involved in causing infection from dog bite include Staphylococcus, Streptococcus and Pasteurella. However, if the cause of the dog bite is concerned, one cannot blame the entire thing on dogs always. It has been observed that increase in dog bites recently is the cause of disturbance on the part of the human beings. People are seen to disturb the dogs while eating and teasing them making them furious and aggressive on humans. This mostly occurs in case of street dogs whereas, dogs that are kept as a pet in home are found rare to attack people considered they don’t smell something fishy and risky.

On the other hand, a dog bite does not always result in rabies infection in the victim‘s body, it depends whether the dog has got rabies infection in the blood. However, in order to remain safe from dog bites, it is generally advised not to go close to dogs that are unknown. Along with that, dogs that look aggressive are better to be avoided while you are not to run or scream if you face an angry dog. In case if a street dog bites you, consulting with a doctor would be safe and risk-free.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The person who is bitten by a dog is eligible for the treatment. However, treatment procedure differs depending on the intensity and severity of injury.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

The person who has not experienced any injury from any dog or not bitten by dogs do not require this treatment.

Are there any side effects?

On being prescribed the course of rabies vaccine, you need to be prepared for certain side effects pertaining to the rabies vaccine for consecutive few days. These side effects are an excessive headache, dizziness may give rise to stomach pain, muscle pain and nausea. Further, body fever that can rise up to 104 is much expected while you are undergoing rabies vaccine. Breathing, swallowing and eye movement problems also remain some of the side effects of the vaccine.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Even if the injury is deep, stitching is not allowed. This is because stitching may result in storing the germ in the injury area and further spread the infection into the blood. After you are done with five doses of rabies vaccine, you can feel safe. However, intake of alcohol during this period and even after the vaccination is restricted for some days. Alcohol result in prohibiting the manufacture of various antibodies in the body and thus does not produce proper result.

How long does it take to recover?

Recovery depends on how much big is the injury. Previously rabies vaccine included 5 doses that are injected into the blood at strict intervals. Currently, the revised and advanced version of rabies includes 3 doses. The first dose should be given within minimum hours of the dog bite, 2nd dose in an interval of 7 days while the 3rd one is required to take in an interval of 28 days from the 1st dose.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The treatment cost of a dog bite varies on the intensity of the injury of the victim. A rabies vaccine that stands necessary cost around 1000 INR for each dose. Overall it costs around 5000 INR for the entire treatment process.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

In spite of various side effects of rabies vaccine, it makes sure to produce the antibodies in the blood and kill the rabies infection. In case of severe injury around the head and the neck, hospitalisation or intense medication is required. This takes more time for recovery.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Doctors generally prescribe antibiotics or acidophilus along with judging if the injury requires rabies vaccine. However, the usefulness of natural products stands inevitable and use of chilli powder, gentian extract, chamomile tincture, garlic and Echinacea tea largely helps in the recovery process. Plantain can be used to stop bleeding in the wounds.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Very High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Rs 3000 to Rs 6000.

Popular Health Tips

Signs that will say you that your dog is fit

M.V.Sc, B.V.Sc. & A.H.
Veterinarian, Kolkata
Signs that will say you that your dog is fit

At home to know that your dog is fit, alert & free from any kind of ailments, you must monitor the following factors-

1. Playful, active, alert & response adequately to your calls 

2. A sound appetite denoting a good health status.

3. Learn how to measure rectal temperature. A rectal temperature must not be lower than 99'F and should not cross 102'F.

4. Water intake is normal.

5. Urination, defecation should be upto the mark.

6. Tip of the nose will be bright, cool & moistened enough.

 If all these factors say you that your dog is absolutely fine, you may consider nothing bad is waiting to be happened at the early hours.

7 people found this helpful

Animal Bite

General Physician, Patiala
In case of animal bite, wash the wound thoroughly with soap and running tap water for 15-20 mins and do not apply any indigenous herbs over it. Get tt injection. And visit your doctor so that they can decide if you need anti-rabies vaccine/serum or not.
6 people found this helpful

brushing your dog and oral hygiene

Master of sciences, B.V.Sc. & A.H.
Veterinarian, Salem
Did you know that regularly brushing your dog's teeth and providing her with a healthy diet and plenty of chew toys can go a long way toward keeping her mouth healthy? Many pooches show signs of gum disease by the time they're four years old because they aren't provided with proper mouth care—and bad breath is often the first sign of a problem. Give your dog regular home checks and follow the tips below, and you'll have a very contented pooch with a dazzling smile.

1. The Breath Test

Sniff your dog's breath. Not a field of lilies? That's okay—normal doggie-breath isn't particularly fresh-smelling. However, if his breath is especially offensive and is accompanied by a loss of appetite, vomiting or excessive drinking or urinating, it's a good idea to take your pooch to the vet.

2. Lip Service

Once a week, with your dog facing you, lift his lips and examine his gums and teeth. The gums should be pink, not white or red, and should show no signs of swelling. His teeth should be clean, without any brownish tartar.

3. Signs of Oral Disease

The following are signs that your dog may have a problem in his mouth or gastrointestinal system and should be checked by a veterinarian:

Bad breath
Excessive drooling
Inflamed gums
Tumors in the gums
Cysts under the tongue
Loose teeth
4. The Lowdown on Tooth Decay

Bacteria and plaque-forming foods can cause build-up on a dog's teeth. This can harden into tartar, possibly causing gingivitis, receding gums and tooth loss. One solution? Regular teeth cleanings, of course.

5. Canine Tooth-Brushing Kit

Get yourself a toothbrush made especially for canines or a clean piece of soft gauze to wrap around your finger. Ask your vet for a toothpaste made especially for canines or make a paste out of baking soda and water. Never use fluoride with dogs under six months of age—it can interfere with their enamel formation. And please do not use human toothpaste, which can irritate a dog's stomach. Special mouthwash for dogs is also available—ask your vet.

6. Brightening the Pearly Whites

Taking these steps will make brushing a lot easier for the both of you:

First get your dog used to the idea of having her teeth brushed. Massage her lips with your finger in a circular motion for 30 to 60 seconds once or twice a day for a few weeks. Then move on to her teeth and gums.
When your pooch seems comfortable being touched this way, put a little bit of dog-formulated toothpaste or a paste of baking soda and water on her lips to get her used to the taste.
Next, introduce a toothbrush designed especially for dogs—it should be smaller than a human toothbrush and have softer bristles. Toothbrushes that you can wear over your finger (or a clean piece of gauze) are also available and allow you to give a nice massage to your dog's gums.
Finally, apply the toothpaste to her teeth for a gentle brushing, as in step 7.
A veterinary exam beforehand may be helpful to find out if your dog's gums are inflamed. If your dog has mild gingivitis, brushing too hard can hurt her gums.
7. Brushing Technique

Yes, there is actually a technique! Place the brush or your gauze-wrapped finger at a 45-degree angle to the teeth and clean in small, circular motions. Work on one area of your dog's mouth at a time, lifting her lip as necessary. The side of the tooth that touches the cheek usually has the most tartar, and giving a final downward stroke can help to remove it. If your dog resists having the inner surfaces of her teeth cleaned, don't fight it—only a small amount of tartar accumulates there. Once you get the technique down, go for a brushing two or three times a week.

8. Know Your Mouth Disorders

Getting familiar with the possible mouth problems your dog may encounter will help you determine when it's time to see a vet about treatment:

Periodontal disease is a painful infection between the tooth and the gum that can result in tooth loss and spread infection to the rest of the body. Signs are loose teeth, bad breath, tooth pain, sneezing and nasal discharge.
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused mainly by accumulation of plaque, tartar and disease-producing bacteria above and below the gum line. Signs include bleeding, red, swollen gums and bad breath. It is reversible with regular teeth cleanings.
Halitosis—or bad breath—can be the first sign of a mouth problem and is caused by bacteria growing from food particles caught between the teeth or by gum infection. Regular tooth-brushings are a great solution.
Swollen gums develop when tartar builds up and food gets stuck between the teeth. Regularly brushing your dog's teeth at home and getting annual cleanings at the vet can prevent tartar and gingivitis.
Proliferating gum disease occurs when the gum grows over the teeth and must be treated to avoid gum infection. An inherited condition common to boxers and bull terriers, it can be treated with antibiotics.
Mouth tumors appear as lumps in the gums. Some are malignant and must be surgically removed.
Salivary cysts look like large, fluid-filled blisters under the tongue, but can also develop near the corners of the jaw. They require drainage, and the damaged saliva gland must be removed.
Canine distemper teeth can occur if a dog had distemper as a puppy. Adult teeth can appear looking eroded and can often decay. As damage is permanent, decayed teeth should be removed by a vet.
9. Chew on This

chew toys can satisfy your dog's natural desire to chomp, while making his teeth strong. Gnawing on a chew toy can also help massage his gums and help keep his teeth clean by scraping away soft tartar. Ask your vet to recommend toxin-free rawhide, nylon and rubber chew toys.

P.S.: Gnawing also reduces your dog's overall stress level, prevents boredom and gives him an appropriate outlet for his natural need to chew.

10. Diet for Healthy Teeth

Ask your vet about a specially formulated dry food that can slow down the formation of plaque and tartar. Also, avoid feeding your dog table scraps, instead giving him treats that are specially formulated to keep canine teeth healthy.
14 people found this helpful

4 Way To Make Dog Healthy!

Veterinarian, Rajkot

4 Way To Make Dog Healthy are:

1. Vaccinations 
2. Deworming

3. Right food timely 
4. Exercises 

2 people found this helpful

8 Tips For Your Dog This Summer!

MVSc (Ph.D pursuing)
Veterinarian, Hyderabad

1. Make sure your dog has unlimited access to fresh water all the time.

2. Make sure your dog has access to shade when outside.

3. Take walks during the cooler hours of the day. Avoid 5-7 pm evening as the steam emitting from the road can kill your pet with heat stroke!

4. When walking, try to stay off of hot surfaces (like coal tar roads) because it can burn your dog's paws.

5. If you feel it's hot outside, it's even hotter for your pet - make sure your pet has a means of cooling off.

6. Keep your dog free of external insects (fleas, ticks) - consult your veterinarian about the best product for your pet.

7. Consider clipping or shaving dogs with long coats (talk to your veterinarian first to see if it's appropriate for your pet).

8. If you have a short nose breed like pugs or bulldogs, keep a Turkish towel with you whenever traveling. Whenever you notice he/she is panting heavily, you can soak the towel in water and wrap it around his body to have a local cooling effect.

6 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 12 years old. I have got bitten by a street dog. I am taking vaccines according to the schedule. The company name is abhayrab. The doctor had given me the same injections two times. I just want to ask that the injections I'll get should be same or different?

Diploma In Paediatric
Pediatrician, Patna
Same vaccine is given on day 0, 3, 7, 14, and 28 for post exposure prophylaxis after bite by Street dog. One may stop after 3rd dose if a dog is non rabied and remain alive and healthy for 10 days.

I have taken 4 doses of antirabies vaccine for animal bite from a government hospital. But my question is that how long will it work in my body. If any dog or cat bites in future do I need to get vaccine again. How long does this type of vaccine work in human body?

MBBS, MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Purulia
In future, if there is re-exposure, you need to take the vaccine again but the no of doses of rabies vaccine will get reduce. Again for this you need to take booster doses every year.
7 people found this helpful

Hi Sir, Mujhe 2 saal pehle mere pet dog ne kaata tha aur maine koi bhi vaccination nahi liya tha us time aur na hi dog vaccinated tha. Par dog ab bhi jinda hai. Kya main ab vaccination le sakta hu ya main safe hu. Please help me doctor I am very depressed.

MD - Paediatrics
Since the dog has bitten you TWO years ago and is still alive, you need not worry about Rabies now. However, if you have not vaccinated the dog till now, please do so immediately. Finally, to avoid such a situation which leads to unnecessary depression, you can take the PRE- EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS of the Rabies vaccine (days 0,7 & 28 followed by a booster after 1 year and further boosters once every 5 years)
3 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Improtance of Vaccination
Hello, I am Dr Mangesh Chandewar. I have done post graduation diploma course in community medicines.

Today's topic is the importance of vaccination.

Vaccination is a biological molecule which is injected either through the injections, orally or through sprays. This helps us to create immunity against most of the infections.

Why vaccine is so important?

Even though we try to maintain good hygiene, cleanliness, sanitation, but still we can not prevent infection and the diseases caused by such infections. Right from the birth when delivery occurs, the baby comes in contact with the environment which is highly infected. This is like TB, Tuberculosis, which is more prevelent in India and we want to save our baby. Then right from the birth, the vaccines like BCG which is helpful in developing immunity against tuberculosis.

As per the National Immunization schedule and as per the WHO, we shoul give basic immunization, also called vaccination to the baby in order to develop immunity against the diseases.

What are the reasons to vaccinate the child?

If we do not give vaccination, it is not like the baby is going to infect but we can prevent most of the infections. If we do not give vaccination, the disease or infections can cause serious consequences rather than the vaccines. Vaccines are safer because they are being evaluated through the various phases during the clinical tria;. And also when it comes in the market.

Since they are very safe, they hardly have any side effect or consequences. and if any of the serious consequence occurs due to vaccination, that happens once in millions, so that they can immediately be taken care of. And teh action is taken according to the condition. My aim to get every baby vaccinated by birth, till the age of 5 years, all the vaccines should be appropriately given according to the proper age group. And the vaccines which are given after 5 years as and when required, once should get vaccinated.

In adults, when there is endemic or epidemic for any infections, say in 2010 swine flu was there, one should get treated as early as possible and should get vaccinated so that the disease should not be reoccured. The maximum number of people get vaccinated against infections. The community get the hard immunity. Accordingly we can prevent the disease throughout the community not only the individuals. This will help our country to fight against the diseases ans the infections.

This is all the basic immunisation and the vaccinations, I talked about. There are otther infection also, such as dog bite and other infections as well which can be vaccinated.

There are so many vaccines in the trials for so many life threatning diseases. As and when you get the chance, you can discuss it with the famly physician or any other doctor.

In order to know about the different vaccines. the appropriate age groups for the vaccines, or the side effects or any other vaccine related can contact me through Lybrate.

Play video
Symptoms of dengue range from mild to severe. Symptoms usually begin 4 to 7 days after the mosquito bite and typically last 3 to 10 days. Effective treatment is possible if a clinical diagnosis is made early.
Play video
Dengue Fever
My name is Dr Tarun Jhamb and I m an MD Medince. I am practising for last fifteen years. I am connected to Lybrate. I m also practising at Columbia Asia Hospital and we will discuss the health topic one of which is Dengue Fever. We know for the next three months, there is a possibility of Dengue Fever in the rainy season. Dengue is a mosquito borne viral fever and it just spreads from the bite of the mosquito and spreads person to person. Most of the times it is self-treatable and it s a preventable disease but there are a few cases which have gone into complications which are known as Dengue Shock Syndrome or Dengue haemorrhaging Fever.

Common symptoms of the Dengue Fever is the high-grade fever, 104- 105 temperature with body ache, joint pain, muscle pain, rashes all over the body, and severe weakness. A person becomes very dilapidated within one or two days and feels very uncomfortable and he becomes sick. It is a treatable disease. Lots of liquids and electrolytes are required.

What are the dos and don ts for this disease?

Do is, we have to take care of not getting stagnant water in coolers or in and around the home. We should take care of using the mosquito repellent, material or the jellies. We can use the net to avoid the mosquito bite. We should intake a lot of water and electrolyte supplements. We should take bed rest for few days. We need to see the doctor as soon as we see the symptoms of dengue fever.

Things we don t have to do, do not use disprin or the voveran tablet during the fever because these are the blood thinners. Do not avoid or delay the treatment. As we see the symptoms like bleeding from anywhere on the sight and black stool, continuous vomiting and severe weakness and continuous fever which leads to fainting.

These are the serious symptoms which should be immediately taken care of and we should seek the help of the doctor. It is a preventable disease. We should take care of the blood testing where we find the dengue test at initial four to five days, likely to be positive and antibody test after four to five days, is likely to be positive. Platelets are falling after four to five days and remain for the next three to four days and then it automatically starts. Some people require hospitalization as well as the platelet transfusion. The upper limit of the platelet is up to ten to fifteen thousand where we can prevent or avoid the platelet transfusion. But if it is going down lower or there is any sign of bleeding up to forty thousand then we have to give the platelet transfusion request.

If you need any of my help, I am available at Lybrate. My home clinic is Naman Medicare at Gurgaon, Sector IV.

Thank you
Play video
Know More About Braces
Hello, I am Dr. Deepak Singh.

Hello, I am Dr. Divya Swarup.

We are practicing orthodontics at Braces and Roots. Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry which deals with the treatment and correction of mal right teeth and jaws. Today let s talk about braces treatment or in simple words the procedure to correct irregularly positioned teeth in the mouth. The only natural process to correct malpositioned teeth is through Orthodontic Therapy that is braces. There are various other options as well but they will certainly compromise the natural tooth structure integrity to some extent always. So if we say teeth are irregularly placed that is various malalignments, which causes major issues.

Firstly, it becomes unaesthetic, not very pleasant to look at. The aesthetic concern is very important as it raises the overall confidence of a person. Having a pleasing and confident smile is very necessary from psychological point of view. To talk, smile and laugh without being overtly concern about one s teeth and their appearance is very necessary. Peer pressure in today s world may otherwise lead to depression, feeling of neglect and unwantedness. Unaesthetic and pleasing smile is the simplest solution to avoid psychological concerns.

Secondly and the more important issue is the function that is when teeth are malaligned and not properly positioned, they prevent proper cleaning to be done which leads to the secondary damage to the gingival, inflammation causing loss of perinatal attachments and finally bone loose leading to untimely tooth loss. Another problem in tooth function due to malocclusion is deferment of a deep bite that is, when the lower teeth are completely covered by the upper teeth, in such cases the lower teeth starts hitting against the upper teeth causing perinatal damage leading to early tooth mobility being developed. When the lower teeth hit against the upper teeth the incisal edges that is the upper edges of the lower teeth becomes attrited and sensitivity in teeth develops. Attrition of the lower teeth leads to the loss of proper bite and causes the collapse bite in the posterior region leading to various other complications one of them being TMDs that is Temporomandibular Disturbances. The lower teeth even start touching the palate of face causing trauma to the palate leading to bleeding from the parietal surface. So if we see just a simple thing like malalignment of teeth can lead to various complicated problems.

Now let s see the various options in these braces treatments. Traditional braces are metallic braces. These come in various sizes, shapes. The smaller the size, the smoother the bracket design, the more comfortable it is for the patient. Metallic braces are very common. Next options are tooth-colored braces or ceramic braces. These are again of two types. One being disliked translucent one which is polycrystalline and second is the totally transparent braces that are monocrystalline. So the aesthetic concern of the patient is taken care of when ceramic braces are chosen.

Metallic braces in comparison are not as aesthetic and as pleasing to look at. With ceramic braces, the wires that are used are also tooth colored. Hence the aesthetic concern being taken care of. The next option for braces is Lingual Braces. Lingual Braces are the braces that are placed on the inner aspect of the tooth that is on the lingual surface. Again these braces are not visible while talking while smiling and hence they are practically invisible.

Next, there are Self-Ligating Brackets. In this, the wire is engaged directly in the braces without the help of an elastic module or ligature wire which generally holds the bracket or the wire inside the bracket. This wire component might cause slight discomfort to the patient which is not included in the self-ligating brackets. The time duration per appointment also decreases in self-ligating braces. The last option being invisible option for Orthodontic treatment is the aligners. These are the most prevalent today. These are thin transparent plastic-like materials which is worn over the tooth. This aligner therapy is the most aesthetic option today. Finally, if we see, all these treatment options will help us in achieving the ideal occlusion and a perfect smile.

Orthodontics braces are the perfect treatment modality for achieving the desired smile and occlusion. Orthodontic treatment as earlier thought is not just limited to the growing children or the young age group. Adult orthodontic is very common and highly successful today. So whenever you decide and whatever age it is, it s never too late. Hoping to create a beautiful smile for you and your family members. Visit us at our clinics soon, at Braces and Roots and Smile Square.

Thank you.
Play video
Epilepsy (Seizure Disorder)
Hello everyone, I am Dr Atma Ram Bansal, an epilepsy expert at Medanta Medicity, Gurgaon. Today s topic is how to deal with epilepsy.

Epilepsy is a very common problem, it affects all age groups of the patients, starting from very small kids, infants, adults and even elderly. The most important thing about epilepsy is the diagnosis. You should know what type of epilepsy is affecting you, because the treatment, the type of medicine, the duration of treatment depends on the type of epilepsy. Majority of patients can be treated through 3 years to 5 years, but some patients if it is a very small epilepsy, benign epilepsy, we can stop the medication in 6 months to one year. If it is difficult kind of epilepsy we may have to give treatment for even lifelong.
So, whether it is focal epilepsy, that is starting from one part of the brain or whether it is generalized epilepsy where the whole brain is getting excited, it is not a psychiatric problem; it is not a problem due to supernatural powers or something like that. It is a pure neurological issue, it can be treated by medications. MRI, good quality and EEG, especially during sleep helps us to know the type of epilepsy.

There are certain things that you should know while handling epilepsy. One, first aid; when you are getting a seizure or your family member is getting a seizure, you should know how to handle it. Firstly, when there are jerkings, when the body is jerking, don t try to hold the arms and legs to stop those jerks, that can damage the bones. Once the jerks are over, turn the person to one side so that if there is any saliva or liquid, that goes outside. Don t give anything by mouth that includes your spoon, any kind of liquid, any kind of cloth or anything like that. Don t put your finger in the mouth that will not help. If there is a tongue bite, you cannot prevent it. Only thing is if you give something by mouth, the liquid that can go into the lungs and that can create problems for breathing.

Regarding treatment, if we know the type of epilepsy, most of the patients with one medication can easily be controlled. Some patients may need two-three medications and there are some 10-20 blood sugar patients for whom this medication won t work. In those cases, we will prefer to do some more tests like video EEG. In those cases, we admit the patient, stop their medication and record the seizures. By recording the seizures we know that this particular part of the brain is abnormal and then even surgery can be considered in those cases. In some patients, especially children, a special diet like ketogenic diet is also effective. So if you can make a video during that attack, or if somebody is having those attacks, that video will definitely help in making the diagnosis. It s not that epilepsy is a big factor in stopping your growth in life, it can easily be held and it can be treated, and if you are comfortable enough, if you are confident enough in such a scenario, you can lead a normal life, you can achieve a big milestone in your life without any problem. Only thing is that you take medicine at an appropriate time, take adequate sleep, avoid alcohol, smoking, and live a healthy life, you can do whatever you want, that will not create any problem.

Be positive, stay healthy, take medicines regularly, and if you have any question, you can meet me at Medanta Medicity, Gurgaon, or you can contact via Lybrate.

Thank you.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice