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Informed Consent Tips

Useful Information

Dr. Jagrati Maharishi 92% (347 ratings)
B.D.S
Dentist, Jaipur
Useful Information

Hormonal changes in women increase sensitivity and may also lead to the occurrence of gingivitis.

2 people found this helpful

Some Information About Fat

Dr. P Nagaraj 90% (3801 ratings)
FRHS, Ph.D Neuro , MPT - Neurology Physiotherapy, D.Sp.Med, DPHM (Health Management ), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Some Information About Fat
Fat Content in Foods
We seem to be making wrong choices unwittingly when it comes to facts. An egg yolk may be high in cholesterol but it is rich in vitamins a, e, k and d. Egg yolk is also a rich source of iron phosphorus foliate and vitamin b6 and b12. Similarly prawns and crabs are rich in protein and other nutrients good for the body

Information on MRI

Dr. Shamik Bhattacharjee 91% (162 ratings)
MPTh/MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Guwahati
Information on MRI

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Piles (Haemorrhoids) Basic Information For Everyone

Dr. Ojas Potdar 91% (441 ratings)
DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
Piles (Haemorrhoids) Basic Information For Everyone

What are hemorrhoids? — hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum. They can cause itching and pain. Sometimes they can also make you bleed during a bowel movement.

In some cases, you can see or feel hemorrhoids around the outside of the rectum. In other cases, you cannot see them because they are hidden inside the rectum.

Should I see a doctor or nurse? — you should see a doctor or nurse if you have any bleeding or if your bowel movements look like tar. Bleeding could be caused by something other than hemorrhoids, so you should have it checked out.

If you do have hemorrhoids, your doctor or nurse can suggest treatments. But there some steps you can try on you your own first.

What can I do to keep from getting more hemorrhoids? — the most important thing you can do is to keep from getting constipated. You should have a bowel movement at least a few times a week. When you have a bowel movement, you also should not have to push too much. Plus, your bowel movements should not be too hard.

Being constipated and having hard bowel movements can make hemorrhoids worse. Here are some steps you can take to avoid getting constipated or having hard stools:

●eat lots of fruits and vegetables. They have fiber, which helps to increase bowel movements.

●take fiber powders, wafers, or pills. You should get 20 to 35 grams of fiber a day.

●take medicines called stool softeners such as docusate sodium or bulk-forming laxatives. Bulk-forming laxatives include psyllium seed, methylcellulosepolycarbophil, and wheat dextran. These medicines increase the number of bowel movements you have. They are safe to take and they can prevent problems later.


What can I do to reduce my symptoms? — some people feel better if they soak their buttocks in 2 or 3 inches of warm water. You can do this up to 2 to 3 times a day for 10 to 15 minutes. Do not add soap, bubble bath, or anything to the water.

There are also medicines that you can get without a prescription. They are usually creams or ointments that you rub on your anus to relieve pain, itching, and swelling. Some hemorrhoid medicines come in a capsule (called a suppository) that you put inside your rectum. Others come in a cream that comes in a bottle with a nozzle that you put inside your rectum. It is ok to try these medicines. But do not use medicines that have hydrocortisone (a steroid medicine) for more than a week, unless your doctor or nurse approves.

What if the self-care steps do not work? — if you still have symptoms after trying the steps listed above, you might need treatments to destroy or remove the hemorrhoids.

One popular treatment is called" rubber band ligation" for this treatment, the doctor ties tiny rubber bands around the hemorrhoids. A few days later the hemorrhoids shrink and fall off. The doctor can also use lasers, heat, or chemicals to destroy hemorrhoids. But if none of these options works, there is always surgery to remove the hemorrhoids.

Imperative Information Women Need to Know About Labioplasty

Dr. Yv Rao 88% (333 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Visakhapatnam
Imperative Information Women Need to Know About Labioplasty

Lip Correction is performed by women who want reduction of the inner lips on the outside of the vagina or labia minora. The reduction is done as many women are uncomfortable with the shape as well as the size of their labia. The swelling of the labia often causes discomfort in exercising, and women are unable to wear bathing suits as well as fitting clothes. It also causes interference in the sexual activity and sometimes it becomes very embarrassing and difficult to maintain basic hygiene.

There are numerous variations in the thickness, size, color and shape of the vaginal tissues and not many women are aware of the prominent size as well as size of their labia. There are many women who are not at all concerned with the appearance of the labia. However, some women who suffer from these symptoms are very upset and feel their self-image is diminished, and it is important in such case that reduction of the Labia minora be done. It is through Lip Corrections that women can take control of their body and reshape their labia just like women who do augmentation of their breasts.

It is very important to know everything about Lip Correction before opting for this surgery. It is important to do some research online and visit websites that provide information on vaginal surgeries. The surgical techniques that are used for Lip Corrections are many, but it must be conducted by a certified surgeon who is well-experienced and does the vaginal rejuvenation with perfection.

When Must Lip Corrections Be Considered-
Lip Corrections is a surgical process, and that is done specially to correct an outsized or irregular labia minora. The tissues adjacent to the vulva of the vagina are reduced, and this surgery is done both for aesthetic reasons as well as for medical purposes. The surgery can be considered by a woman at times to feel physiologically and emotionally good, and at times it is done for purposes like.

  • Irregular shape of the labia
  • Oversize of the vaginal folds
  • Protruding labia
  • Discomfort caused due to thickness of the Labia
  • Labial disease that can occur after childbirth
  • Duration of Surgery

The excess skin is cut, and then it is sewn over the edge during the surgery. The disadvantage of this surgery is that after the surgery, the long vertical stitch line gives the area an unattractive appearance. It takes approximately an hour and half for the surgery to take place, and the patient is generally given local anaesthesia during the surgery.

3382 people found this helpful

Information About Male Hormone Testosterone

Dr. Vinod Raina 88% (5801 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Information About Male Hormone Testosterone

Information About Male Hormone Testosterone

Testosterone is well known as male hormone which is produces by the testes and playing important role in the men sexual life. This hormone is increase the muscle strength, bone mass, libido, sperm production and secondary characteristics in men. Reduction of the testosterone hormones starts as per men getting older. You can maintain the testosterone hormone level in your old age by taking the healthy diet along with physical workout.

Low production of male hormones in the body may raise the chances of problems such as affects your mood, low energy, low libido and erectile dysfunction. Prolonged stress problem is reducing the production of the sex hormones.

Natural way to boost testosterone 
For the natural production of Sex hormones you can consume the foods which contain the lot more zinc. Zinc reduces the conversion rate of testosterone in to estrogen (which is a female hormone). Zinc is also useful to make healthy sperm and reduce the chances of low sperm count in men. In the market you can easily found the different types of foods which are contains more zinc like Oysters.

Include Omega 3-fatty acid 
There are few healthy fats like monounsaturated fats and omega -3 fats which are boost the level of sexual desire. You can boost the level of sex hormones by adding the natural foods like nut, seeds, salmon, tuna fish, vegetables oils butter and milk products.

Cut off extra body fat 
Obese peoples are always suffering with the low libido because of the low production of sex hormones. The reason behind this problem is higher conversation rate of the testosterone in to the estrogen hormones. The Body fat contains the enzyme aromatase which is enhance conversion rate women hormones in body and your testosterone level will drop down.

Healthy sleep 
Those persons who are suffered with the sleep disorders are always experience the low sexual desire due to the low production of sex hormones. The production rate of the sex hormones is always higher in the night time in the comparison of day time. Body produces the 30 % higher sex hormones during the sleeping time that the reasons you always feel more sexual desire in the morning time. This is necessary to get more than 8 hour sleep daily for the higher level of testosterone hormones.

Reduce stress 
There is no doubt that higher level of stress may reduce the growth of testosterone hormones in the body. So always live a pleasing life by avoiding the stress with the help of breathing exercises and meditation.

1 person found this helpful

Ayurveda for Fatty Liver - Must Know Information!

Dr. Paresh J Thakkar 87% (22 ratings)
BAMS
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
Ayurveda for Fatty Liver - Must Know Information!

Fatty liver or steatosis refers to the condition in which excess fat gets accumulated in the liver causing the liver to dysfunction. Some percentage of fat in the liver is normal but if it gets beyond the figure of 5 to 10 percent, then it is surely a cause of concern. Such a condition warrants treatment and if fatty liver is not treated on time, it can lead to liver cirrhosis or cancer. Therefore, the signs and symptoms of fatty liver should be taken seriously.

Some of the common symptoms of fatty liver include pain in the abdomen, loss of weight, swelling in the foot, jaundice, and inflammation of the liver. Anyone who suffers from these symptoms is likely to suffer from fatty liver. But the good news is that it can be treated. There are medicines in Ayurveda, homeopathy, and allopathy for fatty liver and if one talks about Ayurveda, it treats fatty liver with a holistic approach.

1. Fatty liver and Pitta Imbalance: Ayurveda works on the principles of managing vata, pitta, and kapha – the three physical energies present in the human body. It believes that when there is any imbalance in these energies, dosha (disease) affects the body. According to Ayurveda, pitta is related to the metabolic system of the human body, which governs ingestion, digestion, and excretion. The liver, being a part of the metabolic system, is further related to pitta and this is why, when the pitta gets aggravated, the liver becomes diseased and starts to dysfunction. Ayurveda says that pitta imbalance is responsible for fatty liver. In fact, the liver is known as pitta in Ayurveda. It says that when toxins begin to build up in the liver, the liver has to work extra and this causes inflammation, ultimately leading to liver problems. So, Ayurveda tries to correct this imbalance through herbal medicines and detoxification treatment procedures.

2. Ayurveda dos and don’ts: Ayurveda is a holistic science and therefore, it does not focus on suppressing the symptoms, similar to what allopathy does. It is also free from side effects and gives a permanent relief. But the patient undergoing Ayurvedic treatment has to be mindful of their lifestyle and eating habits. In case of fatty liver, Ayurveda prohibits alcohol, smoking, and spicy and oily food. So, the patient should avoid these foods. These food items should not be taken by the patient during the treatment duration. Otherwise, the effect of the medicines will get nullified. Anyone who goes for Ayurvedic treatment should remember that diet and lifestyle is a part of the treatment process and both go hand in hand.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5704 people found this helpful

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) : Patient Information

Dr. Swapnil Deshapnde 89% (70 ratings)
MD, MBBS
General Physician,

Polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) is a condition that causes irregular menstrual periods because monthly ovulation is not occurring and levels of androgens (male hormones) in women are elevated. The condition occurs in about 5 to 10 percent of women. The elevated androgen levels can sometimes cause excessive facial hair growth, acne, and/or male-pattern scalp hair thinning. Most, but not all, women with pcos are overweight or obese, and they are at higher than average risk of developing diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea. For women with pcos who want to become pregnant, fertility pills or injections are often needed to help women ovulate.

Although pcos is not completely reversible, there are a number of treatments that can reduce or minimize bothersome symptoms. Most women with pcos are able to lead a normal life without significant complications.

Common signs and symptoms

Irregular menstrual periods menstrual disorders can include absent periods, periods that occur infrequently or too frequently, heavy periods, or unpredictable periods.
Infertility pcos is one of the most common causes of female infertility.
Obesity up to 80% of women with pcos are obese.
Excess hair growth on the face, chest, abdomen, or upper thighs this condition, called hirsutism, affects more than 70% of women with pcos.

Severe acne or acne that occurs after adolescence and does not respond to usual treatments
Oily skin
Patches of thickened, velvety, darkened skin called acanthosis nigricans
Multiple small cysts on the ovary

Are treatments available for women with pcos?

A variety of treatments are available to address the problems of pcos. Treatment is tailored to each woman according to symptoms, other health problems, and whether she wants to become pregnant.

Is there a cure?

Medical treatments aim to manage and reduce the symptoms or consequences of having pcos.
Medication alone has not been shown to be any better than healthy lifestyle changes (weight loss and exercise). Many women with pcos successfully manage their symptoms and long-term health risks without medical intervention.
They do this by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy lifestyle

Polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) is a condition which can affect a woman's menstrual cycle, fertility, hormones and aspects of her appearance but with proper medical care she can lead a healthy lifestyle.

2 people found this helpful

Cancer- General Information: Don't Fear, Be Aware

Dr. Kaushal Yadav 89% (189 ratings)
MBBS, MS- Surgery , M.Ch - Surgical Oncology , FIAGES
Oncologist, Delhi
Cancer- General Information: Don't Fear, Be Aware

Cancer

Cancer is an uncontrolled proliferation of transformed cells in any part of the body. Neoplasm or tumor are used variably to describe any swelling or new growth. Benign growths don't have the potential to spread to other organs or parts of the body while malignancy or malignant growths have uncontrolled proliferation and metastatic potential. Transformation is a multistep process with genetic alterations by which normal cells acquire malignant potential, uncontrolled proliferation capacity and capacity to spread to other parts of the body (metastasis) worldwide cancer is responsible for 1 in 8 deaths. Most common cancers are:

Men: oral cancer (in India), prostate, lung

Women: breast, cervix and endometrium, colorectal, lung


What causes cancer? cancer is usually multifactorial 


1. Age- more in age group greater than 60 yrs compared to younger age group

2. Obesity- body mass index greater than 30

3. Tobacco - cigarette, cigar, bidi, hookah, smokeless tobacco like gutka, zarda etc. There is no safe form of tobacco.

4. Pan masala and supari

5. Alcohol

6. Ultraviolet rays exposure

7. Radiation exposure

8. Genetic factors

9. Others- pollution, certain chemicals, infections


Prevention of cancer: 


1. Stay away from tobacco products

2. Eat healthy and daily physical activity- fresh fruits and vegetable are good, maintain optimal body weight

3. Be safe in sun

4. Cancer awareness and early detection: alarming signs are (caution)-
 


5. Cancer screening: screening is for healthy individuals with education. Rather than going for unnecessary blind tests, a programme for screening should be planned in consultation with your oncologist as requirements are different for different cancers and differ as per age groups and gender. Also, screening is not effective in all cancers. Cancer education and awareness have due importance. Some cancers in which screening has been shown to be effective includes breast, colon, rectum, cervix, prostate, lung in high-risk groups but as mentioned earlier it is planned with participation of both individual and oncologist.


Types of cancer treatment:


Cancer treatment is now a multidisciplinary management in which different surgical, medical and radiation oncologist plan treatment protocol for best possible chances of cure. Advancement in all these fields and their contribution in comprehensive management results in 25-30% improvement in cure rate over previous decades.
 

  • Surgery: involves surgical principles to remove the tumor with adequate margins and possible draining lymph nodes regions. Improvements and understanding of surgical principles even make resection of distant disease or cure of stage iv disease in some selected cases.
  • Chemotherapy: cytotoxic drugs are given either in injectable or oral forms which acts on uncontrolled cancer cells. Advances in this fields result in drugs with better efficacy and less side effect profile and at the same time resulting in better cancer control. Targetted therapy acts on specific pathways of cancer growth. Hormone therapy targets specific hormone receptors for controlling cancer.
  • Radiation therapy: is the delivery of radiation generated by radioactive source over the region of cancer. More and more advances in radiation technologists are emerging like imrt, sbrt to focus radiation over the specific location so as to avoid toxic effect over surrounding area.
9 people found this helpful

Bronchial Asthma - Important Information You Must Be Aware Of!

Dr. Devanshu Sharma 86% (519 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine & Surgery (BAMS), MD [Masters In Ayurveda - Kaumarabhrutiya( Pediatrics)]
Ayurveda, Panipat
Bronchial Asthma - Important Information You Must Be Aware Of!

The medical term bronchial asthma is also referred to as chronic respiratory illness that causes swelling of the air passageways. The main symptoms of the chronic respiratory illness includes shortness of breath, chest tightening, wheezing and coughing. More than 22 million people in the US suffer from this health condition. The main factor that causes asthma is air pollution and it occurs due to allergic reactions of airborne substances.

Important information on bronchial asthma

  • About 5-10% of individuals suffer from this global health problem and it is mainly diagnosed based on a physical examination, clinical history and pulmonary functioning tests. 
  • The treatment is provided by professional doctors mainly to control the symptoms of asthma.
  • There are chances that acute shortness of breath occurs recurrently and it occurs either early in the morning or at night. 
  • The four main conditions that are the cause of obstruction of the airway include edema of the airway walls, contraction of bronchial smooth muscle and irreversible changes in the lungs.
  • About 5 % of adults and 10% of children are affected by bronchial asthma.

How to prevent bronchial asthma
It is very important that individuals who are affected by bronchial asthma stay away from the asthma triggers. The conditions that can trigger asthma include smoking of tobacco, air toxins and pollutions, food and airborne allergens, extreme weather conditions, dust mites, stress, food preservatives, anxiety and additives. To some extent it also happens due to singing, crying and laughing. Asthma attacks can also be triggered by respiratory infections such as cough and cold. It is very important to be healthy and have a strong immunity to be able to fight against infections.

How to diagnose bronchial asthma
The symptoms of bronchial asthma should be described properly to the doctor for treatment. The things that you do day to day and where you experienced unexpected flare-up must also be mentioned to the doctor. This way the doctor can identify the cause of inflammation of the bronchial passageways and shortness of breath. There are certain laboratory tests that can be performed to diagnose the health condition and these include chest X-ray, and spirometry.

Ayurvedic Bronchial Asthma Treatment
Ayurvedic treatment for Bronchial Asthma is initially focused on improving the digestive system. Herbal medicines are administered to clear the blockage from the channels by eliminating toxins (ama) from the body. They will then liquefy the Kapha present in the channels, allowing proper movement of Vata and fostering proper and easy respiration. Additionally, immune-booster herbal combinations are given to the patient in order to provide both physical and psychological strength, as the patient becomes weak due to repeated attacks of Asthma.

3396 people found this helpful
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