Breast reduction surgery is a procedure which may be considered a medical need, as well as cosmetic desire. Although larger breasts are widely sought after in many societies as they are considered to be attractive and feminine, breasts which are too large and (as a result of excess weight) sagging may actually be an embarrassment to many women. Women with larger breasts turn to breast reduction surgery for relief the physical and psychological burden of oversized breasts. Since breast reduction surgery is more of a functional procedure than cosmetic, it is usually covered by health insurance when there is a medical necessary reason to move forth with the procedure.
Excessively Large Breasts Lead to Various Health Concerns such as:
Back and chest pains and injury due to the excess weight placing strain on the body.
The excessive size and volume of the breast may even inhibit a woman’s ability to perform day-to-day tasks and partake in certain sporting activities.
The increased weight on the chest may have a negative impact on her posture over time.
Liposuction has become a popular and effective mechanism is assisting with breast reduction surgeries. The other mechanism is surgical removal of glandular tissue using a scalpel. The type of surgery a patient will need will depend on the nature of the excess tissue within their breasts. If it is mainly fat/softer tissue, it may be removed with liposuction.
If the tissue consists mainly of glandular breast tissue which cannot really be removed through liposuction, a surgical removal of the tissue with a scalpel may be required. Traditional breast reduction methods leave large scars, whereas liposuction can minimize this greatly. To determine the nature of the breast tissue, the surgeon will perform a thorough examination of the breast. A mammogram scan may have to be used to properly determine this.
What to Expect from Breast Liposuction
Liposuction of the breast is not the same procedure as a breast lift, although it may yield similar results. Due to the excess weight being alleviated from the breast, the breast will appear elevated and due to the soft fat which surrounded the firmer glandular tissue being removed, the breast may even appear firmer.
With liposuction, breast size can be reduced by about 50%
Breast liposuction will not necessarily change the shape of the breast. Patients are told to expect just a smaller version of the same breast. Women who have a low degree of ptosis before surgery are better candidates for liposuction of the breasts
Breastfeeding: It is possible to still be able breastfeed after breast liposuction as the procedure does not usually impact the glandular (milk-producing) tissue of the breast.
Less scarring, discomfort and risk involved than with excision breast reduction method
Women who have a low degree of ptosis will respond better to just liposuction of the breast
Breast reduction is a procedure by which heavy breasts can be reshaped and made smaller in size.
This is a very safe procedure which is very satisfying if you have large or unequal breasts.
While the complaint of being born flat chested is faced by a number of women, there are a few women who have heavy breasts. Over the time, large breasts have been linked with a number of health problems, such as backaches, neck pain, numbness in the fingers and shortness of breath. Thus it is not only for cosmetic reasons that many women choose to undergo breast reduction surgery. This involves the removal of tissues and skin from the breasts to reduce the size of the breasts and reshape them. Breast reduction is a very safe procedure,however, just like any other surgery, there is always a risk and hence the question arises, 'how safe is breast reduction surgery'.
Since the procedure involves making incisions in the skin and removing tissues, most women feel pain in the breasts for the first few days post surgery. This later transforms into a mild discomfort before which completely goes away after a few days. Pain medication and anti inflammatory drugs can help ease the pain. Swelling and bruising in the area is also a common effect of the surgery and may last for about a month or two. The patients are usually advised to wear a surgical bra all the time as it help in giving proper support which in turn helps ease the pain and reduce swelling.
Scarring is one of the most common risks associated with this surgery. To remove the tissue, a surgeon has to make an incision under the breast. This incision is usually positioned in line with the natural curves and creases of a woman's body in order to conceal them. However, it always leaves behind a scar. Scarring varies from person to person and also depends on the type of incision made. Typically, scars fade over time but for some women, they may remain noticeable for many years.
Fortunately, in most cases, the incisions can be restricted to areas covered by a bra or bikini. Some women complain loss of sensation in the breasts or nipples after such a procedure, but mainly this is a temporary side effect and resolves within a few months of the surgery. Depending on the type of procedure, some women may also find it difficult to breastfeed after the surgery.
On its own, breast reduction surgery is a fairly safe procedure as long as it is performed by a certified plastic surgeon on a healthy patient. Therefore, it is important to do plenty of research and go for a best possible surgeon. So, do not let your fear of surgery keep you from making life more comfortable for yourself!
Lump In The Breast
Lumps in the breast are bulges or swellings. There can be various reasons for a breast lump including infection and injuries. Most of the breast lumps are non-cancerous. Generally, people do not experience pain in breast cancer. The common symptoms of breast cancer are lumps in the breast that are painless, discharge from the nipple, and inflammation of the breast skin. You should reach out to a doctor as soon as you experience the symptoms of breast lumps. It is important to see a doctor as early as possible as it can affect your health in the long run. Your doctor provides the treatment on the basis of the cause of lumps. A biopsy or a tissue sampling is done in order to know if a lump is cancerous or not. A biopsy can be done in many ways. Lumps in the breast can appear in females as well as males, but females are more prone to breast lumps. Breast lumps can appear at any age. Sometimes, they appear and then disappear on their own.
Lump In The Breast Symptoms
Generally, breast lumps are painless. Check out various possible symptoms or signs of breast lumps that you may find:
- You may notice a lump in the breast that is painless.
- There can be a discharge from the nipple. The discharge can be there even without touching.
- You may have inflammation or swelling in the breast skin.
- You may experience changes in the breast skin including warmth and redness. There is a possibility that it is a symptom of breast cancer.
Lump In The Breast Causes
There are different types of tissue in the female breast. Milk glands and milk ducts are the two main types of tissue. There can be a variation in the composition of the breast tissue. Breasts change when a woman breastfeeds. The breast also has fatty tissue, fibrous connective tissue, nerves, lymph nodes, and blood vessels. The breast part can react in various ways to body chemistry changes. These changes can lead to the development of lumps in the breast. Check out various potential causes of a lump in the breast:
- An injury to the breast can lead to the development of breast lumps.
- Fibrocystic breasts can cause lumps in the breast. In this condition, breasts feel lumpy which can be accompanied by a pain.
- One of the common symptoms of fibroadenoma is a lump in the breast.
- Intraductal papilloma can lead to the formation of a lump in the breast. Intraductal papilloma is a small, benign tumour in a milk duct in the breast.
- A lipoma can cause a lump in the breast. It is a non-cancerous tumour made of fat tissue.
- An infection of the breast or mastitis can be a cause of breast lumps.
- Due to breast cancer, you experience lumps in the breast.
- Hamartoma, milk cysts, and breast cysts are some of the other potential causes of breast lumps.
How is it diagnosed?
You should visit the best doctor as soon as you experience the symptoms of breast lumps. Your doctor will ask you various questions regarding the lump including when you find out the lump, and what symptoms are you experiencing. Your doctor will conduct a physical examination of your breast in order to diagnose. If it becomes hard for your doctor to know the exact cause of breast lumps then he or she may ask you to go for some additional tests including:
- Mammogram: It is an X-ray of the breast done to know the abnormalities in the breast. Mammogram also helps to find out if a person has breast cancer, though sometimes it fails to provide the correct result which is rare. Calcium deposits pattern can appear on the mammogram which makes your doctor suspicious about cancer. In such a condition, it is generally recommended that a biopsy should be done.
- Ultrasound: It is a painless test done with the help of sound waves. It is done to evaluate lumps in the breast. It is done to know if a cyst is a solid lump (which can be cancerous or not) or fluid-filled. If even after the ultrasound it is not clear that the breast lump is cystic in nature then your doctor may ask you to go for further evaluation.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): It is widely used for evaluating lumps in the breast as this test can even help to find out the abnormalities that are small in the breast. With the help of radio waves, a computer, and magnetism, the images of internal body structure are produced. The images that are obtained from the MRI can help to find out if any specific area is cancerous.
- Fine-Needle Aspiration: Fine-needle aspiration is a diagnostic procedure done to investigate lumps. In this procedure, fluid is removed from the breast lump with the help of a needle. Your doctor may conduct an ultrasound to guide the needle. Some cysts which are non-cancerous go away after removing the fluid. If your doctor finds that the fluid is cloudy or bloody then he or she may send it to a laboratory for analyzing cancer cells.
- Biopsy: Biopsy can be done in many ways. In this procedure, a tissue sample is taken in order to analyze under a microscope. Stereotactic biopsy, vacuum-assisted biopsy, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, core needle biopsy, a surgical biopsy (incisional biopsy), and surgical biopsy (excisional biopsy).
Generally, it is not possible to prevent breast lumps as they can occur due to hormonal changes and you have no control over them. You can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer if you:
- Have a healthy and balanced diet.
- Do not smoke and avoid secondhand smoke.
- Maintain a weight that is healthy.
- Do physical exercises regularly.
- Reduce or avoid the consumption of alcohol.
- Get your breasts examined regularly.
The doctor finds out the exact cause before giving the treatment to the patient. All breast lumps do not require treatment. Your doctor will decide whether there is a requirement for further testing or treatment depending on your case. Check out the various treatment options for breast lumps:
- Your doctor may recommend you antibiotics if you have an infection in the breast.
- If you have a cyst then your doctor may drain the cyst. Generally, cysts leave you when they are drained. In some circumstances, there is no need to treat cysts as they may go away on their own.
- If your doctor finds out that your lump is a breast cancer then treatment can include lumpectomy in which a lump is removed, mastectomy in which the breast tissue is removed, chemotherapy in which drugs are used to destroy or fight the cancer, and radiation in which radioactive materials or rays are used to fight the cancer. The treatment that is provided by the doctor depends on the type of the breast cancer patient has, the location and size of a tumour, and the extent of cancer.
- If your doctor finds out that the reason for your breast lump is an injury then your doctor might ask you to give some time to heal.
- There are some types of breast lumps including fibroadenoma which need not be treated or removed.
There are various complications associated with breast lumps. Some breast lumps are cancerous in nature. Various stages of breast cancer are treated with the help of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy can lead to many complications including constipation, diarrhoea, infertility, early menopause, constant exhaustion, nausea, vomiting and more.
Check out various myths or misconceptions about breast lumps:
Myth #1: A breast lump is probably cancer.
As per various studies, lumps that most women experience in the breast are not cancerous. They are generally a fibroadenoma or a cyst. There are some lumps that come and go away naturally during a menstrual cycle of a woman. It is important to do the self-examination of the breast regularly. As soon as you experience the symptoms of breast lumps, you should reach out to the best doctor for a diagnosis.
Myth #2: If you have a lump but your mammogram is normal, you are done.
There is a possibility that you have a lump but your mammogram does not show this. As per research, 10% mammography shows the wrong result. That is why your doctor may ask you to go for additional tests including a follow-up mammogram, ultrasound, and MRI in order to look at the lump again. Your doctor may also ask you to get the biopsy done to have the sample of your lump for testing.
Myth #3: Breast lumps which are cancerous are always painless.
It is not necessary that if you have lumps in your breast that are cancerous then you will have no pain. Generally, most of the breast cancers are not painful. If you have pain in the breast then it does not indicate that you have breast cancer. You may experience a pain due to a lump in inflammatory breast cancer. The early symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer are warmth, redness, tenderness, and swelling.
Breast lumps are swellings or bulges. Infection and injuries are some of the causes of breast lumps. It is not necessary that lumps are always painless. The common symptoms of breast lumps are painless lumps in the breast, discharge from the nipple, and inflammation or swelling in the breast skin. You should visit a doctor as soon as you experience the symptoms or signs of breast lumps. Your doctor can easily understand your problem after knowing your symptoms.
Your doctor may ask you to get some diagnostic tests done in order to be sure about the diagnosis. Mammogram, ultrasound, biopsy, magnetic resonance imaging and fine-needle aspiration are some of the diagnostic tests that are conducted by the doctor in order to diagnose lumps in the breast. The treatment is provided depending on the cause of breast lumps, the extent of breast lumps, and location and size of breast lumps. Your doctor suggests the best treatment option as per your situation. There are some cases of breast lumps that can be treated without any medicine. Antibiotics are recommended if there is an infection in the breast. If there is a cyst then it can be drained. There are some cysts that go away on their own.
You should get your breasts examined on a regular basis. Self-examination plays a very important role. You should maintain a healthy weight in order to get prevention from breast lumps. Chemotherapy can lead to many complications including nausea, constipation, vomiting, diarrhoea, and infertility. People have a lot of myths or misconceptions about breast lumps. Breast lumps which are cancerous are always painless is one of the common myths.
What is breast reduction?
Breast reduction, or reduction mammaplasty, is a procedure performed to reduce the size of overly large breast. This is done by removing excess breast fat, glandular tissue, and skin to create breast that are more proportionate to your body.
Who is a good candidate for breast reduction?
The best candidates for breast reduction have large breast which interfere with activities of daily living. Also if your breasts cause neck, shoulder, and back pain or if your breasts cause skin irritations beneath the breast crease you may be a good candidate.
Where is the scar from breast reduction surgery?
The scar for breast reduction usually is a circular shape around the areola with a vertical line extending from the areola to the crease and a horizontal line in the crease (or an anchor pattern.)
What are the possible risks of a breast reduction?
Potential risks include bleeding, infection, seroma, pain, scarring, numbness, asymmetry, loss of sensation in the nipple, partial or total loss of nipple or areola, potential inability to breastfeed, fat necrosis, and need for additional surgery.
How long is breast reduction surgery?
Breast reduction surgery is usually 3-4 hours depending on the size of your breast.
What is the typical recovery time for breast reduction surgery?
This procedure can be done as an outpatient or as an overnight stay. You will be sent home on pain medicine and antibiotics. You will have surgical drains in place on each breast. You will be placed in a surgical bra that will need to be worn for 4-6 weeks following your procedure. You will need to be off work for 2-3 weeks dependent on the type of work you perform. You should not do any strenuous activity for 4-6 weeks following this procedure.
How long before I can return to work?
Most patients are able to return to work in 2-3 weeks depending on the work requirements.
How long before I can return to normal activity?
Most activities of daily living can be resumed within a couple of days. You will be given 5 kg lifting restrictions for the first few weeks following surgery. It is important to get up and move around within a day of surgery to help decrease the chance of developing a blood clot. Strenuous activities should be avoided for about 4-6 weeks or until.
The process of breast augmentation, popularly known as breast enlargement or implants, effectively increases the size of the breasts through insertion of silicone gel implants or saline implants. It is known to be popular among women and is frequently done and shows quite satisfying results.
Why do women opt for breast augmentation?
What does a breast augmentation procedure involve?
Breast augmentation surgery is generally performed, while the patient is under the influence of general anaesthesia. In case of enhancement with the help of implants, an incision is made in the breast tissue and a pocket is created to place the implants. Once these implants are successfully placed the incision is closed and is allowed to heal.
What sort of implants is available?
There are basically 4 types of implants that are recommended on the basis of the body type:
Breast implants are generally supposed to last for life, but on occasions they may need replacement. Thus regular check ups are essential, so as to monitor the condition of the implants.
Related Tip: "Considerations Before Having Breast Augmentation Surgery"
Breast cancer is a type of cancer, which occurs due to the development of cancerous cells in breasts. Women are usually affected by breast cancer and breast cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer after skin cancer. Usually fatal if not diagnosed in its early stage, breast cancer is a very serious medical ailment. Read on more to find all about the different symptoms, causes, preventive measures and treatment of breast cancer.
Symptoms: Breast cancer has few distinct characteristics and if you have a few or all the following symptoms you could be more likely to suffer from breast cancer.
Causes: Studies and researches remain inconclusive on what causes breast cancer. Breast cancer occurs due to abnormal division of the cells located in the breast, which over time accumulate and form lumps. They
Risk factors: There are certain factors, which increase the probability of contracting breast cancer. Increasing age, personal and family history of breast cancer, obesity, radiation exposure, pregnancy at an older age, postmenopausal hormone therapy are some of the factors that increase the chances of breast cancer.
Treatment: Several forms of surgical methods exist to treat breast cancer. Depending on the condition and spread of the disease a suitable surgery is performed. These include mastectomy, lumpectomy, axillary lymph node dissection and removal of both breasts. Other forms of treatment include chemotherapy or the use of high doses of drugs to destroy cancerous cells. Radiation therapy where X-rays are used to destroy the cancer cells is also effective.
An early detection of cancer increases the chance of cure and survival; the same is true in the case of breast cancer as well. However, globally, an estimated 80% of women that undergo breast biopsy for diagnosis do not have breast cancer. So, when should a woman undergo breast biopsy? Read on to get an in-depth understanding.
What is a breast biopsy?
A breast biopsy is a clinical test that detects unhealthy tissues and suspicious fluids in the human breast. The sick cells are removed and examined under a microscope in a bid to detect breast cancer. A biopsy is the only means of determining whether the suspect area in the breast is affected by cancer.
What are the types of breast biopsy?
Various types of breast biopsy procedures are practised. These include fine-needle aspiration biopsy, core needle biopsy, stereotactic biopsy, ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy, MRI-guided core needle biopsy, and surgical biopsy.
The fine-needle aspiration biopsy is the most uncomplicated process that can evaluate a lump which can be felt during a clinical exam. Core needle biopsy may be used for evaluating lumps that are visible on a mammogram or ultrasound scanning. Stereotactic biopsy utilizes mammograms to pinpoint a location of suspicion within the breast.
Ultrasound-guided and MRI-guided core needle biopsy methods are used to guide core needle biopsy processes.
When is it recommended?
A gynaecologist may recommend undergoing a breast biopsy if he or she suspects a lump or thickening of the flesh in the breast. Mammograms and ultrasound or MRI techniques may detect a suspicious finding. Subsequently, patients have to undergo a breast biopsy to confirm the presence (or absence) of cancerous growth in the breast. Doctors and health professionals also recommend the test if conditions such as unusual areolar or nipple changes (such as scaling, crusting, bloody discharge or dimpled skin) are detected.
What are the preparations involved?
Before undergoing the breast biopsy, patients should inform their doctors about any allergies or any consumption of prescribed medication such as aspirin or other blood-thinning tablets. Similarly, doctors must be notified in advance if patients are unable to lie on their stomach for a long stretch of time. When biopsy procedures involve magnetic resonance imaging, doctors must be told if the patient has a cardiac pacemaker or any other electronic device implanted in their body. Also, health professionals must be advised when biopsy candidates are pregnant. These precautions are necessary because an MRI biopsy may not be suitable in these circumstances.
Women that are scheduled to undergo biopsy must wear an excellent supporting brassiere since they may have to hold a cold pack in the biopsy site. The correct undergarment can hold the pack in place and offers the necessary support.
It is worthy to note that multiple breast biopsy procedures may be required to obtain a tissue sample from the patient’s breast. The attending gynaecologist may recommend a particular method based on the size, location, and other individual characteristics of a lump in the breast.
So, you might have to undergo the procedure if recommended by your doctor. Patients can seek a second opinion if skeptical in this regard.
Breast cancer is devastating for any woman more so if she is in the prime age.
The usual process suspicion followed by an examination, investigation, confirmation and then treatment depending on the stage of the disease and follow-up.
On confirmation of breast cancer, either the lady undergoes partial mastectomy, nipple sparing mastectomy, total mastectomy or radical mastectomy. This is followed up by Chemotherapy, radiation therapy or both for a period of time which is thought to be the end of treatment.
This leaves the patient traumatized with the loss of an important part of her body with the ill effects of radiation which also leads to severe burning sensation and pain in the area of radiation.
When it comes to a man's physique, enlarged breasts can be quite embarrassing. This is a condition known as male gynecomastia and affects more men than you would imagine. Though it does not pose a significant health risk, it can affect a man's psychological health and lower his self confidence. The good news is that men suffering from this condition do not need to live with it.
Male breast reduction surgery or gynecomastia surgery, aims at reconfiguring the contours of a man's chest by removing breast fat. The only permanent solution to this condition is surgery. This is because fat tissues are not solely responsible for enlarged breasts. Often glandular tissue is present in excessive amounts as well.
Gynecomastia surgery is usually performed under local anesthesia with liposuction being the most preferred procedure. This procedure begins when the surgeon makes a small incision on each side of the chest. These incisions are usually placed along the natural contours of the body, around the edge of the areola or near the armpit so as to reduce the visibility of scars. Excess fat and glandular tissue is then sucked out of this incision. Simultaneously, the surgeon sculpts the other tissues in the chest to redefine chest contours. Patients are usually advised to wear a compression garment after the surgery to support the healing tissues and minimize swelling.
Results of this procedure are visible almost immediately. Recovery from gynecomastia surgery is usually quick and many men find themselves back to their normal routine within a few days. However, vigorous exercising and heavy lifting should be avoided for a few weeks after the surgery. The patient may also experience slight soreness and minimal pain that can be relieved with over the counter pain killers. Some men may also experience a temporary loss of sensation in the area. Though the results of this procedure are permanent, there is no guarantee that it will not recur.
Gynecomastia may recur as a result of significant weight gain, use of steroids or as a side effect to certain types of medication. Hence, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and avoid drugs that influence your testosterone levels. Regular exercise can also help tone the chest muscles and keep this condition from recurring.