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Mammogram - Things You Need To Know About It!

Dr. Upasna Setia 91% (1862 ratings)
MBBS, DGO - Preventive & Social Medicine
Gynaecologist, Sri Ganganagar
Mammogram - Things You Need To Know About It!

A mammogram is an imaging test where an X-ray is taken to recreate the internal imagery of your breasts. This is a screening test that is widely used to find the earliest signs of cancer. There have been instances where the early signs of cancer have been found up to three years before the actual development of the same. There are a number of benefits and risks in this screening method. So let us find out more about getting a mammogram, and whether or not you should get one.

Procedure: A special X-ray machine is used for conducting a mammogram. There is a clear plastic plate on which the specialist will place the breast while another plate will press on the breast from above. While both the plates serve to flatten the breast and hold it still, the X-ray will be taken. Some pressure will be felt and the same steps will be repeated so as to get the side view of the breasts. The same procedure will be repeated for the other breast. Meanwhile, once it is done, you will need to wait so that the technician can check for clarity, and whether or not the procedure needs to be done again. The results of this procedure cannot be relayed by the technician, and all the images will be different because all breasts are slightly different from each other.

Preparation: You will need to remember that the process can be a slightly painful one, especially once the pressure gets applied. Many women complain of discomfort and pain. Yet, this discomfort gets over before you know it. The pressure and pain will depend on the size of your breasts and how much they will have to be pressed in order to get a picture. The skill of the technician will also come into play here. One must remember not to get this procedure done a week or so before or after the menstrual cycle, as the breasts tend to be tender around this time, and the pain will be much more.

Radiologist: Within a few weeks after the procedure, the radiologist will usually deliver the result. This is the professional who does an accurate reading of the X-ray.

Normal and Abnormal Readings: If your mammogram result has a normal reading, then you can resort to getting one done every once in a while. But an abnormal reading will require further X-ray and tests so as to be able to tell for sure.

Why should I get one: If you are over 40 and have a family history of such ailments, then you will have to get a mammogram done regularly.

3969 people found this helpful

Should You Get a Mammogram?

Dr. Janki Borkar 90% (133 ratings)
MHA, PGDPMC, DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Should You Get a Mammogram?

A mammogram is an imaging test where an X-ray is taken to recreate the internal imagery of your breasts. This is a screening test that is widely used to find the earliest signs of cancer. There have been instances where the early signs of cancer have been found up to three years before the actual development of the same. There are a number of benefits and risks in this screening method. So let us find out more about getting a mammogram, and whether or not you should get one.

  • Procedure: A special X-ray machine is used for conducting a mammogram. There is a clear plastic plate on which the specialist will place the breast while another plate will press on the breast from above. While both the plates serve to flatten the breast and hold it still, the X-ray will be taken. Some pressure will be felt and the same steps will be repeated so as to get the side view of the breasts. The same procedure will be repeated for the other breast. Meanwhile, once it is done, you will need to wait so that the technician can check for clarity, and whether or not the procedure needs to be done again. The results of this procedure cannot be relayed by the technician, and all the images will be different because all breasts are slightly different from each other.
  • Preparation: You will need to remember that the process can be a slightly painful one, especially once the pressure gets applied. Many women complain of discomfort and pain. Yet, this discomfort gets over before you know it. The pressure and pain will depend on the size of your breasts and how much they will have to be pressed in order to get a picture. The skill of the technician will also come into play here. One must remember not to get this procedure done a week or so before or after the menstrual cycle, as the breasts tend to be tender around this time, and the pain will be much more.
  • Radiologist: Within a few weeks after the procedure, the radiologist will usually deliver the result. This is the professional who does an accurate reading of the X-ray.
  • Normal and Abnormal Readings: If your mammogram result has a normal reading, then you can resort to getting one done every once in a while. But an abnormal reading will require further X-ray and tests so as to be able to tell for sure.
  • Why should I get one: If you are over 40 and have a family history of such ailments, then you will have to get a mammogram done regularly. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
2768 people found this helpful

Dr. Ravi Shankar Sha 92% (781 ratings)
Certified Implantologist, BDS
Dentist, Chennai
A porcelain veneer is a thin layer of life-like porcelain that is bonded to the surface of your natural tooth to enhance the shape, color, or size of the tooth.

It is custom made by a master technician in the dental laboratory with enamel-like qualities that defy detection.

Porcelain veneers can provide a dramatic smile improvement for your teeth gaps, mildly crooked, chipped or discolored teeth.

 The advantage of porcelain is that the veneer is translucent, stain resistant, and mimics the light handling characteristics of your own dental enamel.

Skin Clinic Important Factors to Consider while Choosing the Best!

Dr. Anupriya 86% (27 ratings)
Diploma in Dermatology, MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Skin Clinic   Important Factors to Consider while Choosing the Best!

In the competitive scenario of today, you need to look appealing and pleasant. Period. Though your skill sets and knowledge base are very essential factors to clinch that coveted job, you need to look your best.
The advantages of having a good skin is not limited to your career alone—they extend to social circles, family gatherings and all other places where you need to cast a good impression.  So, if you desire to be recognized in a crowd and want to stand far above the rest, then you need to find your way to a good skin clinic.
 
Role of professional skin Clinic
Different individuals boast of different types of skin tones, color and type. Professional skin clinics are well equipped to address the tailored requirements of dry, oily, flaky, aging and combination skin. They offer various modes of treatment to cure freckles, fine lines, acne, scars, dark spots, hyperpigmentation and so forth.
Going a long way in enhancing the overall looks and personality of their clients, the technicians and experts connected with these skin clinics have years of experience and expertise behind then. They are aware of all the latest techniques of analyzing your skin problems and offering the best treatment possible.
How do you select the best skin clinic for yourself? Take a look.
 
Services offered 
Before you select a skin care center, you must make sure that they it is ready to offer the services that you wish you enjoy. Along with providing solutions for the problem on hand, the skin clinic should also have advanced facilities for treatment of hair loss, unwanted hair, acne, patchy skin and so on. The list can be endless.

 
Experience of the Technicians and Staff
Before starting with the treatment, you should go through the details of its success rate, side effects and potential complications with the doctor or technician involved. To get good, speedy and positive results, you need to look for a skin clinic that caters to its patients in the best possible way and provides professional after-care.
 
Advanced equipments and tools
The skin care facility should provide the latest and most sophisticated tools to provide the highest levels of services. The technicians handling these tools should be well experienced and efficient in their job and know how to take care of accidental skin damage—if any.
 
Affordability
Most skin clinic in Delhi treatments are affordable and fall within easy reach of patients. It is important to ascertain the full cost of the prescribed treatment, the duration and number of sessions and all other ancillary costs involved. You should also get a fair idea of the price of products that you need to use at home—after the treatment in the clinic is over.
These are few of the prime factors that need consideration in the process of selecting the “right” clinic for your facial skin issues and problems. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

4955 people found this helpful

Laser Hair Removal!

Dr. Suruchi Puri 89% (959 ratings)
MBBS, MD (Skin & V.D. MAMC) - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
Laser Hair Removal!

Laser hair reduction -what as a patient you should be knowing 

Laser hair reduction is a good and proven technology for long term hair free period. Results may vary from machine to machine and opeartor to operator. It is important to ascertain the right fluence and how robust is the machine, for that the machine should have a good wattage and should be able to give the desired dose when the panel is callibrated. Each patient and each area may need different fluence depending upon the biological configuration. Most of the centers have machines and machines operated by technicians who mostly learn by trial and error without knowing the physics behind lasers and hence the proper fluence may not be delivered at a particular site. Lasers and laser hair reduction needs proper knowledge and experience for best possible results. Results with machine which are suboptimal may only retard the hair and may only cause temprory hair reduction. On the contrary may cause hypertrichrosis ie increased hair growth. Patients should opt for usfda approvec machine which has inbuilt chill tip and for full body, painfree hair reduction can be done with a vacuum assisted latest technology.

If you wish to discuss any other problem, Contact Hair Transplant Surgeon.

2 people found this helpful

Dr. Balachandar M 90% (22 ratings)
DNB(Respireatory diseases), M.D
Pulmonologist, Coimbatore
Pulmonary Function Tests
Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are breathing
tests to find out how well you move air in and
out of your lungs

Lung function tests can be used to:
■ Compare your lung function with known
standards that show how well your lungs should
be working.
■ Measure the effect of chronic diseases like
asthma, chronic obstructive lung disease
(COPD), or cystic fibrosis on lung function.
■ Identify early changes in lung function that
might show a need for a change in treatment.
■ Detect narrowing in the airways.
■ Decide if a medicine (such as a bronchodilator)
could be helpful to use.
■ Show whether exposure to substances in your
home or workplace have harmed your lungs.
■ Determine your ability to tolerate surgery and
medical procedures

What is spirometry?
Spirometry is one of the most commonly ordered
lung function tests. The spirometer measures
how much air you can breathe into your lungs
and how much air you can quickly blow out of
your lungs. This test is done by having you take
in a deep breath and then, as fast as you can,
blow out all of the air. You will be blowing into a
tube connected to a machine (spirometer).
The spirometry test is often repeated after
giving you a breathing medicine (bronchodilator)
to find out how much better you might breathe
with this type of medicine. You will be asked
to repeat this test two or three times to get an
accurate measure of your lung function. It can
take practice to be able to do spirometry well.
The staff person will work with you to learn how
to do the test correctly.
It usually takes 30 minutes to complete this test

What should I know before taking
this test?
■ You may be asked not to take your breathing
medicines before this test.
■ Instructions will be given on how to do this
test. If you do not understand them, ask the
technician to repeat them.
■ It takes effort to do this test and you may
become tired. This is expected.
■ If you become light-headed or dizzy during
this test, immediately stop blowing and let the
technician know

Laser Hair Removal: The Many Benefits Of It!

Dr. Sahebgowda Shetty 90% (39 ratings)
MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Laser Hair Removal: The Many Benefits Of It!

In the modern times, hair removal has become very common. Most people get a hair removal done for fashion reasons, although hair removal is extremely hygienic as well. The common hair removal methods are waxing, shaving or tweezing. The latest and the most effective hair removal method is laser hair removal

BENEFITS: 

  1. Lasers are extremely useful to remove unwanted hair from different parts of the body like the face, the legs, the arms, the underarms, the bikini line, and any other area. Here are a few benefits of laser hair removal: 
  2. Laser hair removal can focus on a particular portion of the skin leaving the surrounding areas. It can also remove coarse hair without affecting the skin in the area. 
  3. It is a very fast method as each laser pulse takes just a fraction of a second. An upper lip laser hair removal takes about a minute whereas laser hair removal of the back can take almost an hour. 
  4. Laser hair removals are mostly permanent after a series of minimum 10 sittings. 

WHAT TO DO BEFORE TREATMENT: 

Laser hair removal is just not a method to remove hair, it is a complete treatment. Make sure the person who will conduct the treatment on you is a professional technician or a doctor. Also try to avoid the Sun as that can create certain complications. 

WHAT TO EXPECT FROM TREATMENT: 

Before your unwanted hair is removed with laser, it will be trimmed to just a few millimeters right above the skin. The equipment of the laser treatment will adjust to the colour, the thickness, as well as the location of the unwanted hair being treated, along with the skin colour. The technician and you will need to wear eye protection, according to which laser will be used. Your outer skin will also be requiring a coolant gel or device before the treatment takes place. 

After the treatment is done you will be provided with ice packs and anti-inflammatory lotions to relieve the discomfort. Schedule your next sitting after a month. You will have to keep going for more sittings until hair stops growing. 

RISKS: 

You might look sunburned after the treatment. Moisturizing will help ease the burnt feeling. Use sunscreen to prevent any colour change of your skin. Some other side effects can be blistering (which is usually very rare), swelling, scarring, or redness. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3907 people found this helpful

Screening For Chromosomal Abnormalities In First Trimester - Why It Is Important?

Dr. Sujata Agrawal 89% (138 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Screening For Chromosomal Abnormalities In First Trimester - Why It Is Important?

First-trimester screening is a prenatal test. It is conducted to get early information about a baby's risk of certain chromosomal conditions. It can detect conditions like Down syndrome (trisomy 21) and extra sequences of chromosome 18 (Trisomy 18).

It is usually conducted in two steps:

  1. Blood test
  2. Followed by USG

Initially, a blood test is conducted to ascertain the levels of two pregnancy specific substances in the mother's blood. The blood is tested for pregnancy associated plasma protein and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). Thereafter, a USG is done to find out the size of the clear space in the tissue that is present at the back of the foetus’s neck.

The screening is done between weeks 11 and 14 of pregnancy. The doctor is able to gauge the risk of your baby having Down syndrome or Trisomy 18 by using your age and results of the test. This screening is quite helpful and can guard you against deadly consequences in the future. Down syndrome is known to cause impairments in the mental and social development of the child. Trisomy 18 gets often fatal by age 1. However, first screening doesn’t find out the risk of neural tube defects.

It is the first screening done in pregnancy. It can be done before any other screening. Thus, the results are known at an early stage. You will get time to think about the future consequences can help you in deciding your course of action and the decision to either continue or terminate the pregnancy. You will be ready to know and decide whether you will be able to live and take care of a baby with special needs. You can conduct other screenings later in pregnancy. You must know that first-trimester screening is treated as being optional. It can detect the risk and cannot tell you whether your baby has the problems in real or not.


Often women get worried about the test and it’s after effects. However, there is no need to worry. It will not harm your pregnancy. The foetus remains untouched and safe during the screening. It will not lead to any miscarriage or any other complication.

A practitioner will collect your blood by inserting a needle into your veins. The blood is then sent for testing to the lab. You can resume your usual daily activities. The ultrasound will need you to lie on your back on a table and the technician will put a transducer on your abdomen. The sound waves will be changed into digital images that the technician will refer to. You can get back to your normal routine as soon as the test is over.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3711 people found this helpful

Chromosomal Abnormalities - Why Get It Screened In The First Trimester?

Motherhood 88% (259 ratings)
Speciality Birthing Care
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Chromosomal Abnormalities - Why Get It Screened In The First Trimester?

First-trimester screening is a prenatal test. It is conducted to get early information about a baby's risk of certain chromosomal conditions. It can detect conditions like Down syndrome (trisomy 21) and extra sequences of chromosome 18 (Trisomy 18).

It is usually conducted in two steps:

  1. Blood test
  2. Followed by USG

Initially, a blood test is conducted to ascertain the levels of two pregnancy specific substances in the mother's blood. The blood is tested for pregnancy associated plasma protein and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). Thereafter, a USG is done to find out the size of the clear space in the tissue that is present at the back of the foetus’s neck.

The screening is done between weeks 11 and 14 of pregnancy. The doctor is able to gauge the risk of your baby having Down syndrome or Trisomy 18 by using your age and results of the test. This screening is quite helpful and can guard you against deadly consequences in the future. Down syndrome is known to cause impairments in the mental and social development of the child. Trisomy 18 gets often fatal by age 1. However, first screening doesn’t find out the risk of neural tube defects.



It is the first screening done in pregnancy. It can be done before any other screening. Thus, the results are known at an early stage. You will get time to think about the future consequences can help you in deciding your course of action and the decision to either continue or terminate the pregnancy. You will be ready to know and decide whether you will be able to live and take care of a baby with special needs. You can conduct other screenings later in pregnancy. You must know that first-trimester screening is treated as being optional. It can detect the risk and cannot tell you whether your baby has the problems in real or not.

Often women get worried about the test and it’s after effects. However, there is no need to worry. It will not harm your pregnancy. The foetus remains untouched and safe during the screening. It will not lead to any miscarriage or any other complication.

A practitioner will collect your blood by inserting a needle into your veins. The blood is then sent for testing to the lab. You can resume your usual daily activities. The ultrasound will need you to lie on your back on a table and the technician will put a transducer on your abdomen. The sound waves will be changed into digital images that the technician will refer to. You can get back to your normal routine as soon as the test is over.

5783 people found this helpful

Chromosomal Abnormalities - What Are The Two Steps To Diagnose It?

Dr. Ramandeep Kaur 87% (29 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MRCOG(UK - London )
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Chromosomal Abnormalities - What Are The Two Steps To Diagnose It?

First-trimester screening is a prenatal test. It is conducted to get early information about a baby's risk of certain chromosomal conditions. It can detect conditions like Down syndrome (trisomy 21) and extra sequences of chromosome 18 (Trisomy 18).

It is usually conducted in two steps:

  1. Blood test
  2. Followed by USG

Initially, a blood test is conducted to ascertain the levels of two pregnancy specific substances in the mother's blood. The blood is tested for pregnancy associated plasma protein and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). Thereafter, a USG is done to find out the size of the clear space in the tissue that is present at the back of the foetus’s neck.

The screening is done between weeks 11 and 14 of pregnancy. The doctor is able to gauge the risk of your baby having Down syndrome or Trisomy 18 by using your age and results of the test. This screening is quite helpful and can guard you against deadly consequences in the future. Down syndrome is known to cause impairments in the mental and social development of the child. Trisomy 18 gets often fatal by age 1. However, first screening doesn’t find out the risk of neural tube defects.

It is the first screening done in pregnancy. It can be done before any other screening. Thus, the results are known at an early stage. You will get time to think about the future consequences can help you in deciding your course of action and the decision to either continue or terminate the pregnancy. You will be ready to know and decide whether you will be able to live and take care of a baby with special needs. You can conduct other screenings later in pregnancy. You must know that first-trimester screening is treated as being optional. It can detect the risk and cannot tell you whether your baby has the problems in real or not.


Often women get worried about the test and it’s after effects. However, there is no need to worry. It will not harm your pregnancy. The foetus remains untouched and safe during the screening. It will not lead to any miscarriage or any other complication.

A practitioner will collect your blood by inserting a needle into your veins. The blood is then sent for testing to the lab. You can resume your usual daily activities. The ultrasound will need you to lie on your back on a table and the technician will put a transducer on your abdomen. The sound waves will be changed into digital images that the technician will refer to. You can get back to your normal routine as soon as the test is over.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3819 people found this helpful