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Difficulty Swallowing Tips

Achalasia - Know Symptoms Of It!

Achalasia - Know Symptoms Of It!

Achalasia is a very rare disease. Normally, your esophagus squeezes food down by making the muscular valve in between the stomach and esophagus relax. Achalasia occurs when this muscular valve is unable to relax and thus the esophagus is unable to squeeze the food down. The most common reason why this happens is because the nerves in your esophagus are damaged. The nerves most commonly get damaged because of abnormalities in the way your immune system responds. Till now, there is no cure to achalasia; however surgery or minimally invasive therapy can make the symptoms of achalasia more manageable. Here are all the causes and symptoms of achalasia:

Symptoms

1.  Difficulty swallowing
The difficulty you face when swallowing food is the most common symptom of achalasia. Both liquid as well as solid food will be hard to swallow.

2.  Regurgitation
If the food is regurgitating in the night, then the lungs may have been inhaling some food. This is very serious and you should see the doctor immediately if this occurs.

3.  Chest pain
You may suddenly experience chest pain from a completely unknown cause. 

4.  Weight loss
You may also suffer from sudden weight loss if you have achalasia. This is due to the reduced amount of food you will be consuming.

5.  Heartburn
Heartburn is when you have a very intense burning pain in your chest just behind your breastbone which is most commonly caused by regurgitation in your esophagus. 

Causes
The exact cause of achalasia is not yet known. However, there are some theories on what causes achalasia. Here they are.

1.  Genes
The most common cause of achalasia is genes. 

2.  Autoimmune disease
An autoimmune disease is when your immune system attacks your body's own cells. Achalasia is a type of autoimmune disease.

3.  Infection
There have also been a lot of claims that infections are the cause of achalasia.

3173 people found this helpful

Fastest Way To Get Rid Of Sore Throat!

Fastest Way To Get Rid Of Sore Throat!

A sore throat refers to pain, itchiness, or irritation of the throat. It may lead to difficulty in swallowing food and liquids, and the pain may get worse when you try to swallow. It can be caused by either a viral or bacterial infection.

Here are some easy ways to get rid of sore throat:-

1.) Gargle with Salt Water: Gargling with warm salt water can help soothe a scratchy throat. The salt pulls the mucus out of your swollen, inflamed tissue and helps relieve the discomfort.

2.) Suck on a Lozenge: Lozenges contain menthol, an ingredient that can gently numb the tissue in your throat. This can provide you with temporary relief from burning and pain sensations.

3.) Enjoy a drop of honey: Warm tea that is sweetened with honey can help soothe your irritated throat. Tea also keeps you hydrated, which is another important step in treating a sore throat.

4.) Stay Hydrated: Staying hydrated is an important part of treating a sore throat. When you’re dehydrated, your body can’t produce enough saliva and mucus to keep your throat naturally lubricated which will make the swelling and inflammation worse.

5.) Use a humidifier: Breathing in moist air can help soothe swollen tissue in your nose and throat. Turn on a cool mist humidifier to increase the amount of moisture in your room.

6.) Go for a Steam Shower: Breath in the steam from a warm shower to help reduce swelling and ease the pain of a sore throat.

7.) Raise your Head: When congestion comes with your sore throat, take an extra pillow or two under your head. The extra height will help you breathe easier.

Apart from these home remedies, you can also try Huff N Kuff Lozenges which are essentially Ayurvedic Healing lozenges which help treat cough and throat irritation. Formulated to make the most of the healing properties of 8 choicest herbs, chewing or sucking these dry cough medicine can help soothe the throat by providing instant relief from a cough. The synergistic effect of the herbs used to prepare this dry cough medicine helps prevent the progression of a sore throat to a cough. Moreover, the natural soothing ingredients of these tablets soothe the irritated throat lining while suppressing cough and clearing out the mucus in the airways.

 

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Rheumatic Fever In Kids - How Does It Affect Your Child?

Rheumatic Fever In Kids - How Does It Affect Your Child?

Rheumatic fever is a kind of autoimmune ailment that can occur as a result of group A streptococcal throat infection leading to inflammatory lesions in the connective tissues of the body. This disease specifically affects the joints, heart, blood vessels and various subcutaneous tissues located all over the body.

History of the effects of rheumatic fever:
The disease has been evaluated and depicted since the 1500s, though the connection between the rheumatic fever, and the throat infection was not found out until it was late 1880s. And the sore throat was also related to the rash, which is caused by streptococcal exotoxins, along with fever. Rheumatic fever was one of the leading causes of deaths in children as well as one of most common reasons behind the acquired heart diseases in adults before the invention and availability of penicillin.

Reasons behind the causes of rheumatic fever:
Even though adolescents and adults may be affected by the rheumatic fever, it mostly affects children aged between 5 to 15 years. It is a common disease in areas like South-Central Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and several parts of New Zealand and Australia. Group A streptococcus bacterium is the primary cause of this fever, and it also leads to scarlet fever in some people. It makes the body attack its own tissues once it has been attacked by the bacteria. This particular reaction leads to widespread inflammation throughout the body and forms the basis of all the common symptoms of the rheumatic fever.

You may have to take your child for the strep test if you notice any of the following symptoms:

  1. A sore throat and red rashes all across or in certain parts of the body.
  2. If your child has tender or swollen lymph nodes that are causing difficulty in swallowing.
  3. Tonsils that are filled with pus or red and swollen.

Harmful impacts of the rheumatic fever:

Developed mostly due to strep throat infection, it can affect the heart, skin, joints and nervous system of children. Though it may not affect all who have gone through a strep throat infection, it can lead to long-term diseases of the heart and its valves and is termed as a rheumatic heart disease. Since each attack of rheumatic fever may cause further damage to the heart, it is very crucial to make sure that your child doesn’t have one more attack of the fever, and it is therefore, important to have regular doses of penicillin injections and consult a specialist for receiving further advice on treatments and prevention.

1933 people found this helpful

Know The Difference Between Partial And Complete Paralysis!

Know The Difference Between Partial And Complete Paralysis!

As children, you have probably learnt that paralysis is complete inability to move, sense, touch or control other bodily sensations. But little did we know that paralysis comes in many forms depending on the extent to which a person is immobilized. So, what is the difference between partial and total paralysis?

What is Total Paralysis?
Whether temporary or permanent, paralysis is the inability to move part of the body due to nerve damage. However it does not mean that people with total paralysis cannot move any parts of the body – they can still use their faces and necks. The extensive form of paralysis is typically referred to as quadriplegia, which involves diminished or absence of movement in the trunk, arms, legs, hands and feet. Some common symptoms of total paralysis are as follows:

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Unable to control bowels and bladder
  • Pain anywhere in the body
  • No sensation below the site of injury
  • Difficulty breathing

What is partial paralysis?
A smaller portion of the body is affected by partial paralysis. One of the most common types of partial paralysis is Paraplegia that occurs below the waist. If affects both the legs, hips and other functions. Other forms of partial paralysis can be Monoplegia where a single area like one limb gets affected and Hemiplegia where parts of the body on the same side get affected. Some common symptoms of partial paralysis are as follows:

  • Inability to walk
  • Difficulty with sexual functioning
  • Pain below the site of injury
  • Unable to feel or move your legs or arms

How to Predict the type of paralysis?
The location of the injury or site of nerve damage will usually determine the type of paralysis. Damages in the cervical spinal cord almost inevitably lead to total paralysis associated with quadriplegia. The higher the injury is located, the more extensive the paralysis will be. Lower injuries commonly lead to partial paralysis. The prognosis is generally much better with this type of paralysis. With proper care and therapy, individuals may experience intermittent difficulties with movement and can regain.

Can paralysis be treated?
Whether it is total paralysis or partial paralysis, the positive prognosis is certainly possible, given the condition of the patient and other factors. Physical therapy involves teaching the brain and spinal cord to work around the damage and also aid neuron healing over time. Paralysis can be classified under a number of ways and the most basic classification is that of partial or complete paralysis. Talk to your doctor to understand what type of paralysis you have and adopt a positive outlook to help you towards recovery.

1910 people found this helpful

Achalasia - What Causes It?

Achalasia - What Causes It?

Achalasia is a very rare disease. Normally, your esophagus squeezes food down by making the muscular valve in between the stomach and esophagus relax. Achalasia occurs when this muscular valve is unable to relax and thus the esophagus is unable to squeeze the food down. The most common reason why this happens is because the nerves in your esophagus are damaged. The nerves most commonly get damaged because of abnormalities in the way your immune system responds. Till now, there is no cure to achalasia; however surgery or minimally invasive therapy can make the symptoms of achalasia more manageable.

Here are all the causes and symptoms of achalasia:

Symptoms

1.  Difficulty swallowing
The difficulty you face when swallowing food is the most common symptom of achalasia. Both liquid as well as solid food will be hard to swallow.

2.  Regurgitation
If the food is regurgitating in the night, then the lungs may have been inhaling some food. This is very serious and you should see the doctor immediately if this occurs.

3.  Chest pain
You may suddenly experience chest pain from a completely unknown cause. 

4.  Weight loss
You may also suffer from sudden weight loss if you have achalasia. This is due to the reduced amount of food you will be consuming.

5.  Heartburn
Heartburn is when you have a very intense burning pain in your chest just behind your breastbone which is most commonly caused by regurgitation in your esophagus. 

Causes

The exact cause of achalasia is not yet known. However, there are some theories on what causes achalasia. Here they are.

1.  Genes
The most common cause of achalasia is genes. 

2.  Autoimmune disease
An autoimmune disease is when your immune system attacks your body's own cells. Achalasia is a type of autoimmune disease.

3.  Infection
There have also been a lot of claims that infections are the cause of achalasia.

3494 people found this helpful

Achalasia - How To Get Rid Of It?

Achalasia - How To Get Rid Of It?

The tube that carries food to your stomach from your throat is called the oesophagus. When the muscular valve (lower oesophagus sphincter) in the oesophagus fails to relax and carry the food to the stomach, the condition is termed as achalasia.

Achalasia has a variety of causes, and can be difficult for your doctor to diagnose the exact cause. Some common causes of achalasia include:

1. Hereditary predispositions
2. Autoimmune disorders (The immune system erroneously destroys healthy cells in the body)
3. Nerve degeneration in the oesophagus

There other medical conditions that often lead to symptoms identical to achalasia, such as oesophageal cancer and Chagas’ disease (an infectious disease caused by a parasite).

Other symptoms of achalasia include:

The most prominent symptom of achalasia is dysphagia, which is characterised by swallowing difficulties or sensations of food stuck in the oesophagus. Dysphagia often triggers coughing and shortness of breath or choking on food.
1. Discomfort or pain in the chest
2. Weight loss
3. Heartburn
4. Intense discomfort or pain after eating

Some of the treatments include:

Most of the methods to treat achalasia focus on the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES). The treatments used can either permanently alter the sphincter’s function, or reduce symptoms.
1. Oral medications such as calcium channel blockers or nitrates are prescribed, which can relax the LES to let food pass through with more ease. Your doctor may also treat the LES with Botox.
2. For a more permanent treatment, the sphincter can be dilated or altered. In dilation, a balloon is inserted into the oesophagus and it is inflated. This will stretch out your oesophagus to improve function.
3. To alter the oesophagus, oesophagomyotomy is performed. It is a kind of surgery where minimal incisions are made to gain access to the LES, and then it is carefully altered to improve flow of food to the stomach.

Unlike dilation, which can cause complications such as tears in the oesophagus, oesophagomyotomy has a greater success rate. However, certain complications may still arise, such as:

1. Acid reflux
2. Respiratory conditions that are caused by food entering your windpipe

3799 people found this helpful

Dysphagia Or Difficulty In Swallowing!

DYSPHAGIA [DYSPHAGIA]

Difficulty in swallowing solids or liquids is called dysphagia.
 
CAUSES:
• Enlarged tonsils.
• Cancer of the oral cavity.
• Fungal infection of the mouth.
• Cerebro-vascular accidents.
• Motor neuron disease [a nerve disorder].
• Myasthenia gravis [fatigue and exhaustion of the muscular system with progressive muscular paralysis].
• Parkinsonism [a group of neurological disorder marked by diminished motor activity, tremor and muscular rigidity].
• Pharyngo-esophageal diverticulum [pouch/sac].
• Pharyngeal pouch.
• Post-cricoid web.
• Achalasia [failure of the sphincter at the junction of the esophagus and the stomach, to relax].
• Diffuse esophageal spasm.
• Abnormal course of subclavian artery.
• Oesophagitis.
• Peptic stricture.
• External compression from mediastinal masses.
• Dilated left atrium [chamber of heart] in mitral stenosis.
 
SIGN AND SYMPTOMS:
• Difficulty in swallowing solids or liquids or both.
• Nasal regurgitation or cough, while swallowing.
• Difficulty in swallowing when watched by others [in Parkinsonism].
• Sensation of fullness in the middle of the chest with a feeling as if the food had stopped somewhere along the esophagus.
• Regurgitation relieves pain and fullness in the centre of the chest.
• Cough.
• Need to drink water while eating.
• Can lead to malnutrition.
 
DIETARY MANAGEMENT:
• Treat the cause.
• Eat soft, semisolid or mashed food, which is easy to swallow.
• Consume soups – vegetable, tomatoes, and green leafy vegetables etc.
• Have fruits juices, sugarcane juice, buttermilk, and milk.
• Make different porridge- wheat porridge, rice porridge or lentil porridge etc.
• Boil food properly and then mash it so it's easy to swallow.
• Try to make different varieties so all nutrients are consumed to prevent malnutrition.
• Eat small quantities of food at regular intervals.
• In severe cases where food is supplied to the body through food pipe,feed different varieties of soups, porridge and juices.
 
NOTE:
• Do not speak while eating.
• Eat your food very slowly.
• Chew the food well.

Achalasia - What Can Cause It?

Achalasia - What Can Cause It?

Achalasia is a very rare disease. Normally, your esophagus squeezes food down by making the muscular valve in between the stomach and esophagus relax. Achalasia occurs when this muscular valve is unable to relax and thus the esophagus is unable to squeeze the food down. The most common reason why this happens is because the nerves in your esophagus are damaged. The nerves most commonly get damaged because of abnormalities in the way your immune system responds. Till now, there is no cure to achalasia; however surgery or minimally invasive therapy can make the symptoms of achalasia more manageable. Here are all the causes and symptoms of achalasia:

Symptoms

1.  Difficulty swallowing
The difficulty you face when swallowing food is the most common symptom of achalasia. Both liquid as well as solid food will be hard to swallow.

2.  Regurgitation
If the food is regurgitating in the night, then the lungs may have been inhaling some food. This is very serious and you should see the doctor immediately if this occurs.

3.  Chest pain
You may suddenly experience chest pain from a completely unknown cause. 

4.  Weight loss
You may also suffer from sudden weight loss if you have achalasia. This is due to the reduced amount of food you will be consuming.

5.  Heartburn
Heartburn is when you have a very intense burning pain in your chest just behind your breastbone which is most commonly caused by regurgitation in your esophagus. 

Causes
The exact cause of achalasia is not yet known. However, there are some theories on what causes achalasia. Here they are.

1.  Genes
The most common cause of achalasia is genes. 

2.  Autoimmune disease
An autoimmune disease is when your immune system attacks your body's own cells. Achalasia is a type of autoimmune disease.

3.  Infection
There have also been a lot of claims that infections are the cause of achalasia.

2491 people found this helpful

All About Tonsillits!

All About Tonsillits!

Tonsillitis:- infectious and inflammatory condition of tonsils is termed as tonsillitis.
Causative organisms:- staphylococcus, streptococcus, pneumococcus and e-coli.

Types of Tonsillitis:- 
1. Acute tonsillitis- inflammation of tonsils by the infection caused by causative organism.
2. Chronic tonsillitis- recurrent attacks of acute tonsillitis can cause chronic tonsillitis. 

Aetiology:-
▪often affects children, adults are less affected.
▪chronic infection in sinusitis or teeth may be the predisposing factors of chronic tonsillitis.

Signs and Symptoms:-
▪sore throat.
▪difficulty in swallowing.
▪fever-38 to 40°c, with chills and rigor. 
▪headache.
▪body ache.
▪malaise.
▪constipation.
▪tonsils may show varying degree of enlargement.
▪often the breadth is foetid, and tongue is coasted.
▪tonsils are red and swollen with yellowish spots of purulent material presenting at the opening of crypts. 
▪the jugulodigastric lymph nodes are enlarged and tender.
▪flushing of anterior pillars compared to the rest of phrangeal mucosa is an important sign.

Treatment:-
General treatment:-

  • bed rest and encouraged the patient to take plenty of fluids.
  • attention to general health, diet.
  • treatment of co-exist infection of teeth, nose and sinusitis.
  • tonsillectomy if needed. 


Homoeopathic treatment:-

  • Baryta carb- every cold settles in throat, smarting in throat when swallowing. Throat is sore to touch. Tonsils enlarge and prone to suppurates, especially on right side. Bell- tonsillitis, worse on right side. Great dryness in throat with redness and burning. Feels constricted during swallowing. 
  • Calc. Fluor- follicular sore throat, plugs of mucous are continually forming in the crypts of the tonsils. Pain and burning in the throat better by warm drinks and worse by cold drinks.
  • Hepar sulph- passive and constricted sensation in the throat. Stiches in the throat which extend to ear. Smarting soreness in throat, worse on swallowing. Sensation as if fish bone or splincter were sticking in the throat. 
  • Lechesis- soreness, dryness and constriction in throat. Dark purple appearance of membrane. Throat seems large lump has settled over there. Liquid is more painful than solid. Thrpat is sensitive to touch. 
  • Psorinum- in chronic tonsillitis. Cutting and tearing pain especially when swallowing. Aggravate from cold air cold food and drink. Ameliorate by warm application and covering. Offensive saliva and taugh mucus in throat.
  • Phytolacca- sensation of lump, dark, red, ash-coloured appearance of throat, great pain in root of tongue, pain shoots from throat into ears on swallowing. Pain is shifting in nature. Tonsils are ulcerated and swollen. Sore throat.
  • Few other homoeopathic remedies are- puls, bry, syphilinum, nat sulph. Etc.
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Treatment of Gaucher s disease!

Treatment of Gaucher s disease!

Treatment of Gaucher’s disease

Homeopathic Treatment of Gaucher’s disease
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Gaucher’s disease
Psychotherapy Treatment of Gaucher’s disease
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Gaucher’s disease
Surgical Treatment of Gaucher’s disease
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Gaucher’s disease
Other Treatment of Gaucher’s disease
What is Gaucher’s disease
Symptoms of Gaucher’s disease
Causes of Gaucher’s disease
Risk factors of Gaucher’s disease
Complications of Gaucher’s disease
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Gaucher’s disease
Precautions & Prevention of Gaucher’s disease
Treatment of Gaucher’s disease 

Homeopathic Treatment of Gaucher’s Disease

Homeopathy balances the metabolism. It relieves complaints and improves body functions. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines for treatment of Gaucher’s disease are:

Phos
Calc
Merc
Lyco
Chel

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Gaucher’s disease

In the conventional and allopathic treatment, the oral medication miglustat (Zavesca) has been approved for use in people with Gaucher’s disease. Enzyme replacement therapy is also done. It replaces the deficient enzyme with artificial enzymes. These replacement enzymes are administered in an outpatient procedure through a vein (intravenously), typically in high doses at two-week intervals.

Surgical Treatment of Gaucher’s disease

The surgical treatment of gaucher’s disease involves Bone marrow transplantation. In this technique, blood-forming cells that have been damaged by Gaucher’s are removed and replaced, which can reverse many of Gaucher’s signs and symptoms.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Gaucher’s disease

Add extra calcium to their diet
Eat a diet rich in vitamin D

What is Gaucher’s disease

Gaucher’s disease occurs when certain harmful fatty substances accumulate to excessive levels in your body’s organs and tissue such as liver, spleen, lungs, bone marrow and, less commonly, brain.

Symptoms of Gaucher’s disease

Enlarged liver (hepatomegaly) or spleen (splenomegaly)
A decrease in healthy red blood cells (anemia)
Excessive fatigue
Skeletal abnormalities
Brain problems
Abnormal eye movements
Low number of blood platelets (thrombocytopenia)
Yellow spots in your eyes
Delayed puberty
Nosebleeds
Loss of muscle coordination
Seizures

Causes of Gaucher’s disease

Deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase which is responsible for breaking down a fatty substance called glucocerebroside.

Risk factors of Gaucher’s disease

Family history
Eastern or Central European Jewish (Ashkenazi) ancestry
People of Swedish descent

Complications of Gaucher’s disease

Bone pain
An increased risk of certain cancers
Seizures
A tendency to bleed
Difficulty walking
Swallowing problems
Calcification of heart valves 

Diagnosis of Gaucher’s disease

Diagnosis of Gaucher’s disease involves the following tests and procedures:

Enzyme analysis
Genetic mutation analysis
Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Preconception screening and prenatal testing

Precautions & Prevention of Gaucher’s disease

There is no known way to prevent Gaucher disease.

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