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Delusion Health Feed

Delusional Disorder - Tips To Identify If You're Suffering From It!

Dr. Sudhir Hebbar 88% (10 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS, Certificate in CBT (Beck Institute, Pennsylvania, USA), ACT therapy certification UK, DBT certification course, Functional analytic psychotherapy course
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Delusional Disorder - Tips To Identify If You're Suffering From It!

Delusional disorder refers to the condition in which an individual experiences non-bizarre delusions that are beliefs in things that aren't actually true. The delusions involve situations that take place in real life like being deceived or stalked, conspired against, etc but in actuality, these situations may be highly exaggerated or not true at all as they involve the misinterpretation of experiences or observations. This health problem tends to take place during the middle or later part of your life and is said to affect women more than men.

What are the symptoms associated with this condition?

There are certain signs that you can look out for to easily identify this condition and there are:

  1. Delusional thoughts lasting one month and above
  2. Lack of schizophrenia symptoms except delusions associated with the olfactory and tactile systems
  3. One's behavior and normal functioning doesn't witness any kind of impairment
  4. Duration of mood symptoms is short compared to the length of the delusions
  5. Disorder is not brought on by the use of substances or any medical condition
  6. Commencement of the disorder can vary from teenage years to later part of adulthood

What causes it to happen?
The root cause of the disorder is still not known, but experts are of the opinion that a variety of biological, genetic, environmental and psychological factors can cause it to occur. 

Some of these causes include: 

  • Genetics: It's said that this disorder can be passed on from parents to children. Additionally, it's more common in individuals whose family members suffer from schizophrenia or one of its types.
  • Psychological/ environmental: In addition to drug and alcohol abuse, delusional disorder can also be set off by stress.
  • Biological: Abnormalities in certain parts of the brain can lead to this problem. Areas of brain associated with thinking and perception have been found to be connected to delusional symptoms.
2348 people found this helpful

Hallucinations - 5 Common Types Of It!

Dr. Shashi Bhushan Kumar 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Hallucinations - 5 Common Types Of It!

Hallucinations, in simple words, can be described as the perceptions or sensations that are experienced by a person when they are awake which seem to be real, but they are not actually real, they are created by the brain. How actually you experience hallucinations cannot be predicted that means, you may see something, you may hear something, you may taste something which isn’t real, you may smell something or feel something which does not exist.

Some common signs of hallucinations are, seeing objects which are not real, hearing voices when there is no one around or when people around do not speak, a sensation of skin crawling, etc.
Hallucination is completely different from dreams. In dreams, you are not awake, but in hallucinations you are awake. Basically, hallucinations are medical conditions or psychiatric conditions of the brain.

Signs and Symptoms of Hallucinations:

  1. Hearing voices i.e. auditory hallucinations: A person with this mental illness will feel that there is some voice coming from inside the brain or from outside and talking to them or asking them to do something specific. Sometimes, they also hear voices of people talking to each other who are not actually present.
  2. Seeing things i.e visual hallucinations: In this condition, a person starts seeing things that aren’t there for real. They could see some objects, some light patterns, some people moving around, etc.
  3. Smelling things i.e olfactory hallucinations: Sometimes, the person with this type of hallucination feels that there is some odd smell in the room and could also feel like that odd and bad smell is coming from their own body. Waking in the night smelling something strange in the room when there is nothing is another sign of olfactory hallucination.
  4. Feeling things i.e. tactile hallucinations: The person starts feeling things that are not real, such as they could feel like some insects are crawling on their body, feel someone is tickling them, or blowing hot air on their face.
  5. Tasting things i.e. gustatory hallucinations: A person with this condition could eat somethingand then feel like the food that they are eating tastes odd when the same food is fine for everyone else it.

There are many reasons for hallucinations and it varies from person to person. Mental illness is one of the main reasons for hallucinations. A recent breakup of a relationship or a loss of someone close can cause hallucinations. Substance abuse is said to be a common cause for hallucinations such as too much alcohol or drug abuse. An overdose of medicine or misuse of medicine or lack of proper sleep can also be a reason. Seek immediate medical help when you experience any of the signs in yourself or in someone close to you. Medical help can make things better.

3 people found this helpful

Delusional Disorder - Causes And Symptoms!

Dr. Smita Srivastava 86% (21 ratings)
DNB - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Lucknow
Delusional Disorder - Causes And Symptoms!

Delusional disorder refers to the condition in which an individual experiences non-bizarre delusions that are beliefs in things that aren't actually true. The delusions involve situations that take place in real life like being deceived or stalked, conspired against, etc but in actuality, these situations may be highly exaggerated or not true at all as they involve the misinterpretation of experiences or observations. This health problem tends to take place during the middle or later part of your life and is said to affect women more than men.

What are the symptoms associated with this condition?

There are certain signs that you can look out for to easily identify this condition and there are:

  1. Delusional thoughts lasting one month and above
  2. Lack of schizophrenia symptoms except delusions associated with the olfactory and tactile systems
  3. One's behavior and normal functioning doesn't witness any kind of impairment
  4. Duration of mood symptoms is short compared to the length of the delusions
  5. Disorder is not brought on by the use of substances or any medical condition
  6. Commencement of the disorder can vary from teenage years to later part of adulthood

What causes it to happen?
The root cause of the disorder is still not known, but experts are of the opinion that a variety of biological, genetic, environmental and psychological factors can cause it to occur. 

Some of these causes include: 

  • Genetics: It's said that this disorder can be passed on from parents to children. Additionally, it's more common in individuals whose family members suffer from schizophrenia or one of its types.
  • Psychological/ environmental: In addition to drug and alcohol abuse, delusional disorder can also be set off by stress.
  • Biological: Abnormalities in certain parts of the brain can lead to this problem. Areas of brain associated with thinking and perception have been found to be connected to delusional symptoms.

6 Symptoms Of Delusional Disorder!

Dr. Sarthak Dave 90% (500 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
6 Symptoms Of Delusional Disorder!

Delusional disorder refers to the condition in which an individual experiences non-bizarre delusions that are beliefs in things that aren't actually true. The delusions involve situations that take place in real life like being deceived or stalked, conspired against, etc but in actuality, these situations may be highly exaggerated or not true at all as they involve the misinterpretation of experiences or observations. This health problem tends to take place during the middle or later part of your life and is said to affect women more than men.

What are the symptoms associated with this condition?

There are certain signs that you can look out for to easily identify this condition and there are:
- Delusional thoughts lasting one month and above
- Lack of schizophrenia symptoms except delusions associated with the olfactory and tactile systems
- One's behavior and normal functioning doesn't witness any kind of impairment
- Duration of mood symptoms is short compared to the length of the delusions
- Disorder is not brought on by the use of substances or any medical condition

- Commencement of the disorder can vary from teenage years to later part of adulthood

 

What causes it to happen?
The root cause of the disorder is still not known, but experts are of the opinion that a variety of biological, genetic, environmental and psychological factors can cause it to occur. 

Some of these causes include:

  • Genetics - It's said that this disorder can be passed on from parents to children. Additionally, it's more common in individuals whose family members suffer from schizophrenia or one of its types.
  • Psychological/ environmental - In addition to drug and alcohol abuse, delusional disorder can also be set off by stress.
  • Biological - Abnormalities in certain parts of the brain can lead to this problem. Areas of brain associated with thinking and perception have been found to be connected to delusional symptoms.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2490 people found this helpful

Hallucinations - Signs You Are Suffering From Them!

Dr. Sumit Singh 86% (37 ratings)
DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Gurgaon
Hallucinations - Signs You Are Suffering From Them!

Getting hallucinations is a mental condition where a person sees, feels, hears, and tastes things that actually don't exist beyond one's heightened imagination or delusion. It involves the experience of perceiving something not present.  Hallucinations can be pleasing or frightening. However, there is almost always an identifiable cause behind it. 

They can be triggered by:

  1. Taking hallucinogenic or psychotropic substances
  2. Mental conditions like dementia and schizophrenia
  3. Neurological conditions like Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease
  4. Macular degeneration, leading to loss of vision
  5. Migraines and brain tumor can also lead to such delusions

Some of the signs of hallucinations:

  1. Hearing voices: The medical term for hearing voices is called an 'auditory hallucination'. A person may sense sounds or noises coming from inside or outside of their mind. The noise might be random or disrupting. One might also feel the voices talking to each other or trying to tell them something. Most of the times, these voices come from inside the person's mind; or in some cases, one's heightened perception may make a normal noise delusional.
  2. Seeing things: This is also called visual hallucinations. For instance, one may see unnatural things like a floating chair in thin air. It all depends on a person's perception. Sometimes these hallucinations appear as bright flashy spots or rays of light.
  3. False sense of taste and smell: Technically, these are known as gustatory and olfactory hallucinations respectively. One may feel a kind of odor coming from one's body or surrounding; or a person might feel that something he/she is drinking or eating has an odd taste. This is again too much thinking, causing delusional sensory activities. 
  4. Tactile hallucinations: This is when a person feels things that don't exist. One may feel that he/she is being touched or tickled even when no one else is around or that insects are crawling beneath the skin. One may experience strange sensations, which are not a part of a reality.
2966 people found this helpful

Delusions - Can It Be A Sign Of Schizophrenia?

Dr. Sumant Khanna 86% (51 ratings)
PHD, MD - Psychiatry, MBBS, MRCPsych, MAMS
Psychiatrist, Gurgaon
Delusions - Can It Be A Sign Of Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a disease of the mind that is usually degenerative in nature. The complex disorder is generally characterized by symptoms, such as delusions, hallucinations (both auditory and visual) and disturbances in speech and is usually chronic in nature. The symptoms are not regular and can appear at any point of time. So it is highly possible that a person suffering from schizophrenia may sometimes bear resemblance to any other normal person and all of a sudden, might exhibit symptoms typical of Schizophrenia.

The causes of Schizophrenia include:

  1. Brain Dysfunction: Abnormalities in the cerebral cortex (the cerebrum’s outer covering that is vital in regulating consciousness) of the brain is the most common cause of this disorder. This is due to the presence of abnormally enlarged ventricles in that region. The decreased brain size owing to the enlarged ventricles is often related to the hallucinations and delusions experienced by schizophrenics.
  2. Genetic Factors: Studies have also stated ‘genetics’ to be an important cause behind this disorder. Closer the family ties, higher the risks of transmitting the disorder.
  3. Biochemical Factors: More than one neurotransmitter is being targeted by recent drugs to control schizophrenia.

 

 

Symptoms which most people do not experience normally, but are found in people diagnosed with schizophrenia are said to be positive symptoms. They are:

  1. Hallucinations: These are sensory experiences of things that do not exist outside the mind. Hallucinations usually manifest in the form of auditory or visual images.
  2. Delusions: Delusions on the other hand are false beliefs one has about oneself. Delusions are of 3 major types:
    • Grandeur: Wherein the person imagines himself to be a famous personality
    • Persecution: The belief that somebody somewhere is plotting against you and the whole world is going to get you.
    • Control: The belief that a larger force, let’s say a witch, a demon or even a duck for that matter is controlling your actions.

These positive symptoms generally respond well to medications.
In addition to this, schizophrenics think and speak differently than the rest of the society. They jump from idea to idea, lose track of speech mid-way and often speak in fragmented and haphazardly joined sentences. They are, in fact, unable to fix their attention on anything in particular.
Examples of the most common negative symptoms include:

  1. The flat effect: The individual basically shows no facial expression and always has a flat emotionless mask on while staring into space. At times, they have inappropriate reactions to situations. Example - they might laugh at somebody's death and cry ad get angry when something good happens. 
  2. Avolition: This condition occurs when the individual just sit for hours doing nothing as well as behaves in a way lacking any motivation or enthusiasm.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3591 people found this helpful

I'm suffering from headache for last 1 week. As I take lot of stress. Then I start getting hallucinations like I fell down from terrace, somebody will kill me.

Dr. Ojas Potdar 91% (187 ratings)
DNB GENERAL SURGERY, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
I'm suffering from headache for last 1 week. As I take lot of stress. Then I start getting hallucinations like I fell...
If it was surely hallucinations. Then please seek help of a psychiatrist. It's nothing to be scared or ashamed of!
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Schizophrenia - Know Its Treatment!

Dr. Era Sharma Dutta 91% (144 ratings)
MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Schizophrenia - Know Its Treatment!

Schizophrenia is a debilitating mental and emotional condition that is characterized by a heavily distorted thought process as well as hallucinations and even extreme fear that borders on paranoia. Let us find out more about this debilitating disease:

Causes-

  1. Genetics: Genetic factors play an important role in the development of schizophrena.
  2. Environment: Possible environmental factors include obstetric complications, the mother's exposure to influenza during pregnancy or starvation. It has also been suggested that stress, trauma even migration can lead to the emergence of schizophrenia. 
  3. Neurodevelopmental Factors: Schizophrenia appears to be a neurodevelopmental disorder. That is the changes that cause the illness have been occurring from the earliest stages of development even in utero, and may continue to influence the development of the brain over the first 25 years of life. 

Symptoms: 

This disease has a variety of symptoms include cognitive and emotional ones that can vary in the degree and severity. One of the most common symptoms includes hallucinations and delusions where the patient may end up imagining things that do not really exist. The patient may also be gripped by sudden and crippling fear like paranoia, which can be debilitating as far as everyday functioning of the person goes. The symptoms can also interfere with the way a person deals with situations and life skills on a cognitive basis. Withdrawal and hopelessness are also a part of this disease.

Types: 

Schizophrenic disorder spectrum recognizes a group of symptoms which can turn into full-fledged ailments. The various kinds of schizophrenia under this wide umbrella include catatonic, disorganized, paranoid, residual and undifferentiated. Paranoid schizophrenia is when a person has unreasonable fears and doubts regarding people and situations around him or her. Usually, doctors refer to this state as schizophrenia with paranoia.

Patients of disorganized schizophrenia may not have delusions and hallucinations, but may display instances of incoherent speech and thinking. Further, when a patient is suffering from catatonic schizophrenia, the main symptoms include a negative emotional stance. This patient will end up withdrawing as far as socialising and family go, and they may also turn mute. Residual schizophrenia refers to a state where the patient has lost all interest and motivation in life, yet does not suffer from delusions and hallucinations. Finally, schizophrenic disorder is characterized by all the major symptoms of this disorder along with a severe mood disorder.

Treatment: 

The earliest signs and symptoms must be referred to a psychiatrist. The treatment involves the management of the case of an individual basis along with psychological rehabilitation programs and inclusion of the patient in self-help groups. Housing and employment programs must also be availed so as to keep the patient busy. Also, behavior therapy will be required in such cases. The mode of counselling should usually be on a one on one basis, although many doctors also suggest that group therapy can help in showing examples of progress so as to encourage the patient to change and get a new lease of life.

Modern day medicines have made it easy, to make individuals suffering from schizophrenia highly functional and carry normal lives out. Antipsychotics have evolved over the years to bring back the desirable quality of life for individuals suffering from this disease. Antipsychotic medicines are the mainstay of the treatment.

Notable personalities who have suffered from schizophrenia are: 

  1. John Nash - Mathematician/Nobel Prize Winner
  2. Mary Todd Lincoln - Wife of Abraham Lincoln (past-President of the United States)
  3. Tom Harrell - Jazz Musician
  4. Meera Popkin - Broadway Star

Also, family therapy is considered a must for the near and dear ones of such patients to cope with it. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2689 people found this helpful

Hallucinations - 5 Most Common Signs You Must Not Ignore!

Dr. Praveen Tripathi 90% (168 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, CE (New York)
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Hallucinations - 5 Most Common Signs You Must Not Ignore!

Serious mental disorders and side effects to varied medicines may cause hallucinations in many individuals. Psychosis and Schizophrenia are the most commonly known causes that may cause this condition. Hallucinations are sensations and feelings that may appear as real to the patient, convincing him or her of the occurrence of things that are not really happening in reality. Hearing voices, seeing people, and experiencing things that no one else can, are some of the ways in which hallucinations work.

Let us find out the varied signs and symptoms of this condition.

  1. Hearing Voices: One of the most common signs of hallucinations includes hearing voices. You may hear voices from people who cannot be seen or heard by other people around you. In such cases, you may have the distinct feeling of hearing these voices from within or from a source outside your own mind and body. In many cases, you may feel like these voices are trying to talk to you or give you a certain message. Ringing of the ears on a persistent basis may also be experienced in such cases.

  2. Visual Hallucinations: These hallucinations will make the patient see things. In such cases, the patient may be witness to a scene that cannot be seen by anyone else – a scene that may not be happening in reality. In visual hallucinations, the patient may also see people that other people in the room or the area cannot see. The patient may also see objects and other creatures like insects crawling across his or her hand, and may react with fear or anxiety, when in reality, no such scene may be happening. These kind of hallucinations also cause occipital seizures where the patient will see spots, shapes and rings of brightly coloured lights that may be coming towards him or her, or even encircle him or her.

  3. Feeling Things: These kinds of hallucinations will make the patient feel things that may not really be happening. For example, these hallucinations will make the patient feel hot during winters or feel a blast of air even when there has been none.

  4. Taste Hallucinations: In these hallucinations, the patient may get a salty taste from sweet food, or vice versa. These hallucinations make the patient imagine that he or she tastes a certain flavor when in reality, this may not be true. These are also called gustatory hallucination.

  5. Olfactory Hallucinations: These hallucinations have to do with odd smells that the patient may get a whiff of. In these hallucinations, the patient imagines certain smells like burning, or other odours. Patients may also feel that their own bodies are letting out certain odours which may not be the actual case.  

Delusion vs. Hallucination

A delusion is a false belief based on incorrect inference about external reality that is firmly sustained despite what almost everybody else believes and despite what constitutes incontrovertible and obvious proof or evidence to the contrary. The belief is not one ordinarily accepted by other members of the person's culture or subculture (e.g., it is not an article of religious faith).

A hallucination occurs when environmental, emotional, or physical factors such as stress, medication, extreme fatigue, or mental illness cause the mechanism within the brain that helps to distinguish conscious perceptions from internal, memory-based perceptions to misfire. As a result, hallucinations occur during periods of consciousness. They can appear in the form of visions, voices or sounds, tactile feelings (known as haptic hallucinations), smells, or tastes.

Delusions are a common symptom of several mood and personality-related mental illnesses, including schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenia, shared psychotic disorder, major depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder. They are also the major feature of delusional disorder. Individuals with delusional disorder suffer from long-term, complex delusions that fall into one of six categories: persecutory, grandiose, jealousy, erotomanic, somatic, or mixed.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3869 people found this helpful
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