Why drastic deficiency of vitamin D is becoming increasingly common among urban Indian youth?
On this women's day, let's understand why young Indians esp. Are women facing this unforeseen deficiency and resultant problems?
Vitamin d is unique because it can be made in the skin from exposure to sunlight. We get a really good amount of sunny days as opposed to many western and northern countries where vitamin d deficiency is ought to be common.
It is surprising that vitamin d deficiency is such a common problem in India nowadays that it finds prevalence among 70-100 percent of the general population in the country. More than 80.63 percent of 73 lakh Indian youth suffer from the deficiency of vitamin d. What's more shocking is that it can lead to a variety of health issues ranging from osteoporosis to diabetes. Without vitamin d, only 10-15% of dietary calcium and about 60% of phosphorus are absorbed - which would certainly lead to weaker bones. Vitamin d sufficiency enhances calcium and phosphorus absorption by 30-40% and 80%, respectively.
Vitamin d exists in two forms - vitamin d2 and d3. Uv rays from the sun hit the skin, and vitamin d3 is naturally synthesized, so it is the most 'natural' form. However, our bodies do not make vitamin d2, and most oil-rich fish such as salmon, mackerel, and herring and eggs contain vitamin d3.
Here are a few reasons why deficiency of vitamin d is becoming increasingly common among urban Indian youth.
1. Being always indoors
Our youth is never out in the sun because they are too occupied with their laptops or video games. Their lifestyle is such that it does not allow them to spend some good time out in the sun, which is a major source of vitamin d for the body. Technological advancement and cut-throat competition have made the youth forget the sun as a source of a healthy dose of vitamin d.
2. No milk, no fish
A lot of Indian youth follow a strictly vegetarian dietary regimen and they avoid milk very commonly. Vitamin d is found in foods like fish, egg yolks, fish liver oils etc. And not consuming them is a major reason why youth face vitamin d deficiency.
In fact certain, distinct symptoms can help you know if you're suffering from vitamin d deficiency or not.
You need to keep an eye out for these:
- excessive sweating without indulging in physical activities or being exposed to high temperatures
- sudden bouts of weakness for no apparent reason
- brittle bones that break easily
- chronic pain in your brains
- feeling of depression