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Biliary Tract Tips

What Is Biliary Tract Disorder?

Dr. Ramakrishna Chanduri 88% (24 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad

What Is Biliary Tract Disorder?

Acute calculus cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder that develops in the setting of an obstructed cystic or bile duct. It usually develops after 5 hours of biliary-type pain. The initial inflammation is caused by chemical irritation, and bacterial infection probably is a secondary event.

Types:

malignant neoplasm of the gallbladder
malignant neoplasm of other parts of biliary tract
extrahepatic bile duct
ampulla of Vater
cholelithiasis
cholecystitis
others (excluding postcholecystectomy syndrome), but including
other obstructions of the gallbladder (like strictures)
hydrops, perforation, fistula
cholesterolosis
biliary dyskinesia
K83: other diseases of the biliary tract:
cholangitis (including ascending cholangitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis)
obstruction, perforation, fistula of biliary tract
spasm of sphincter of Oddi
biliary cyst
biliary atresis

Symptoms of possible biliary disease:

Although symptoms may differ among bile duct disorders, symptoms common to many of the disorders include:

Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes)
Abdominal pain, especially in the upper right side of the abdomen under the rib cage
Nausea or vomiting
Loss of appetite, which may result in weight loss
Fatigue
Fever or chills
Itching
Light brown urine
Greasy or clay-colored stools

Diagnosis:

The tests performed vary according to the suspected bile duct disorder. However, tests commonly performed to diagnose many bile duct disorders may include:

*Blood tests
*Liver function tests
**Ultrasound
*Endoscopic ultrasound
*Computed tomography (CT) scan
*Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
*Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
*Liver biopsy

What Is Biliary Tract Disorder?

Dr. Sathish Erra 87% (10657 ratings)
BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Homeopath, Hyderabad

What Is Biliary Tract Disorder?

Acute calculus cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder that develops in the setting of an obstructed cystic or bile duct. It usually develops after 5 hours of biliary-type pain. The initial inflammation is caused by chemical irritation, and bacterial infection probably is a secondary event.

Types:

malignant neoplasm of the gallbladder
malignant neoplasm of other parts of biliary tract
extrahepatic bile duct
ampulla of Vater
cholelithiasis
cholecystitis
others (excluding postcholecystectomy syndrome), but including
other obstructions of the gallbladder (like strictures)
hydrops, perforation, fistula
cholesterolosis
biliary dyskinesia
K83: other diseases of the biliary tract:
cholangitis (including ascending cholangitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis)
obstruction, perforation, fistula of biliary tract
spasm of sphincter of Oddi
biliary cyst
biliary atresis

Symptoms of possible biliary disease:

Although symptoms may differ among bile duct disorders, symptoms common to many of the disorders include:

Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes)
Abdominal pain, especially in the upper right side of the abdomen under the rib cage
Nausea or vomiting
Loss of appetite, which may result in weight loss
Fatigue
Fever or chills
Itching
Light brown urine
Greasy or clay-colored stools

Diagnosis:

The tests performed vary according to the suspected bile duct disorder. However, tests commonly performed to diagnose many bile duct disorders may include:

*Blood tests
*Liver function tests
*Ultrasound
*Endoscopic ultrasound
*Computed tomography (CT) scan
*Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
*Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
*Liver biopsy

What Is Biliary Tract Disorder?

Dr. Ramakrishna Chanduri 88% (24 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad

What Is Biliary Tract Disorder?

Acute calculus cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder that develops in the setting of an obstructed cystic or bile duct. It usually develops after 5 hours of biliary-type pain. The initial inflammation is caused by chemical irritation, and bacterial infection probably is a secondary event.

Types:

malignant neoplasm of the gallbladder
malignant neoplasm of other parts of biliary tract
extrahepatic bile duct
ampulla of Vater
cholelithiasis
cholecystitis
others (excluding postcholecystectomy syndrome), but including
other obstructions of the gallbladder (like strictures)
hydrops, perforation, fistula
cholesterolosis
biliary dyskinesia
K83: other diseases of the biliary tract:
cholangitis (including ascending cholangitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis)
obstruction, perforation, fistula of biliary tract
spasm of sphincter of Oddi
biliary cyst
biliary atresis

Symptoms of possible biliary disease:

Although symptoms may differ among bile duct disorders, symptoms common to many of the disorders include:

Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes)
Abdominal pain, especially in the upper right side of the abdomen under the rib cage
Nausea or vomiting
Loss of appetite, which may result in weight loss
Fatigue
Fever or chills
Itching
Light brown urine
Greasy or clay-colored stools

Diagnosis:

The tests performed vary according to the suspected bile duct disorder. However, tests commonly performed to diagnose many bile duct disorders may include:

*Blood tests
*Liver function tests
*Ultrasound
*Endoscopic ultrasound
*Computed tomography (CT) scan
*Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
*Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
*Liver biopsy

What Is Biliary Tract Disorder ?

Dr. Sathish Erra 87% (10657 ratings)
BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Homeopath, Hyderabad
What Is Biliary Tract Disorder ?

What Is Biliary Tract Disorder?

Acute calculus cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder that develops in the setting of an obstructed cystic or bile duct. It usually develops after 5 hours of biliary-type pain. The initial inflammation is caused by chemical irritation, and bacterial infection probably is a secondary event.

Types:

malignant neoplasm of the gallbladder
malignant neoplasm of other parts of biliary tract
extrahepatic bile duct
ampulla of Vater
cholelithiasis
cholecystitis
others (excluding postcholecystectomy syndrome), but including
other obstructions of the gallbladder (like strictures)
hydrops, perforation, fistula
cholesterolosis
biliary dyskinesia
K83: other diseases of the biliary tract:
cholangitis (including ascending cholangitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis)
obstruction, perforation, fistula of biliary tract
spasm of sphincter of Oddi
biliary cyst
biliary atresis

Symptoms of possible biliary disease:

Although symptoms may differ among bile duct disorders, symptoms common to many of the disorders include:

Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes)
Abdominal pain, especially in the upper right side of the abdomen under the rib cage
Nausea or vomiting
Loss of appetite, which may result in weight loss
Fatigue
Fever or chills
Itching
Light brown urine
Greasy or clay-colored stools

Diagnosis:

The tests performed vary according to the suspected bile duct disorder. However, tests commonly performed to diagnose many bile duct disorders may include:

*Blood tests
*Liver function tests
**Ultrasound
*Endoscopic ultrasound
*Computed tomography (CT) scan
*Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
*Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
*Liver biopsy

What Is Biliary Tract Disorder ?

Dr. Prashant K Vaidya 94% (12628 ratings)
Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
What Is Biliary Tract Disorder ?

What Is Biliary Tract Disorder?

Acute calculus cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder that develops in the setting of an obstructed cystic or bile duct. It usually develops after 5 hours of biliary-type pain. The initial inflammation is caused by chemical irritation, and bacterial infection probably is a secondary event.

Types:

malignant neoplasm of the gallbladder
malignant neoplasm of other parts of biliary tract
extrahepatic bile duct
ampulla of Vater
cholelithiasis
cholecystitis
others (excluding postcholecystectomy syndrome), but including
other obstructions of the gallbladder (like strictures)
hydrops, perforation, fistula
cholesterolosis
biliary dyskinesia
K83: other diseases of the biliary tract:
cholangitis (including ascending cholangitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis)
obstruction, perforation, fistula of biliary tract
spasm of sphincter of Oddi
biliary cyst
biliary atresis

Symptoms of possible biliary disease:

Although symptoms may differ among bile duct disorders, symptoms common to many of the disorders include:

Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes)
Abdominal pain, especially in the upper right side of the abdomen under the rib cage
Nausea or vomiting
Loss of appetite, which may result in weight loss
Fatigue
Fever or chills
Itching
Light brown urine
Greasy or clay-colored stools

Diagnosis:

The tests performed vary according to the suspected bile duct disorder. However, tests commonly performed to diagnose many bile duct disorders may include:

*Blood tests
*Liver function tests
**Ultrasound
*Endoscopic ultrasound
*Computed tomography (CT) scan
*Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
*Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
*Liver biopsy

Laparoscopic Surgery And Biliary Cancer - Know About It!

Dr. Praveen Sharma 86% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Laparoscopic Surgery And Biliary Cancer - Know About It!

The bile duct connects the liver, gall bladder and small intestine and plays an important role in the digestion process. Though it is rare, the bile duct may also be affected by cancer, this type of cancer is known as biliary cancer. Biliary cancer can be categorized as intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and cancer of the gall bladder. Of these, gall bladder cancer is the most common. Biliary cancer is typically treated with surgery and followed by chemotherapy and radiation. In many cases, this surgery may be performed laparoscopically.

Laparoscopic surgery is also known as keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery. This differs from other surgical procedures as it allows a surgeon to operate on an internal organ without making a large incision. There are many advantages to laparoscopic surgery which include minimal bleeding, smaller internal and external scars, reduced chances of infections, lowered pain and discomfort and faster healing. It also reduces the amount of hospitalization required after a surgery and allows the patient to return to his normal lifestyle faster. However, laparoscopic surgery cannot be applied to all procedures.

When it comes to biliary cancer, laparoscopy can be used to treat cancer of the gall bladder. This is known as Laparoscopic cholecystectomy and involves the removal of part of the gallbladder or the whole gall bladder. The lymph nodes around the gall bladder and parts of the liver tissue may also be removed. For this procedure, 3 to 4 incisions may be made in the abdomen. A long flexible tube with a light and camera at one end is passed through one of these incisions. This allows the surgeons to look inside the abdominal cavity. Instruments are used through the other incisions to cut the tumor away and remove it.

Laparoscopy is rarely used to treattumours in the bile ducts. This is because the bile ducts are relatively small and placed deep within the abdomen. However, if a tumor is blocking the flow of bile into the intestines, laparoscopy may be used to create a bypass. It may also be used to remove small stones from the bile duct.

Biliary cancer has very few significant symptoms. Hence, in many cases, it is diagnosed only at an advanced stage. Almost all cases of Biliary cancer are accompanied by the development of gall stones. Laparoscopy is very effective in treating gall stones and increases the chances of detecting biliary cancer in its early stage

2708 people found this helpful

Urinary tract infection

Dr. Megha Tuli Gupta 92% (1763 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Urinary tract infection
Uti, a very common problem can be kept at bay by simple measures like drinking 8-10 glasses of water. Research also suggests that coconut water and cranberry juice have protective effects against uti.

3 Causes Of Urinary Tract Infection!

Dr. Sarwar Eqbal 87% (15 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
3 Causes Of Urinary Tract Infection!

The urinary tract starts from the kidneys to the urethra where urine is passed out. Given the rich concentration of minerals and toxic wastes, it is highly prone to multiple infections. UTI, as urinary tract infections are often referred to, is one of the most common infections. In women, especially, every 1 in 2 women is affected by an UTI. Whichever part of the tract is affected, the symptoms and treatment are mostly the same. Read on to know some of the most common symptoms and treatment options for these.

Symptoms

  1. A burning sensation with urination
  2. Pain with urination
  3. Burning sensation or pain in the urethra or vagina
  4. Frequent urge to urinate, though not much urine is passed out
  5. Sense of incomplete emptying of the bladder
  6. Pain in the lower back on the sides of the spine
  7. Change in the urine characteristics color, smell, or appearance
  8. Fever or chills, maybe associated with shivering, nausea and vomiting

Causes

Most urinary tract infections are bacterial in nature, and these could find their way into the body through multiple ways.

  1. The most common is through the urethra, which could happen due to unclean toilet habits.
  2. Women especially are advised to wipe the urethra after each toilet visit. The bacteria from the feces can also enter the urethra due to close proximity
  3. Use of unclean public toilets is another reason for UTIs

Tests

Though most often UTI does not require specific testing, the following are useful in confirming the diagnosis.

  1. Culture and sensitivity: The urine is sent for a culture to identify the exact organism that has caused the infection. It also helps identify the right antibiotic which will help bring the infection under control.

Treatment:

UTIs are very common infections and though there is nothing to worry, it should be cleared completely.

  1. Antibiotic course to get rid of the infection. Though you begin to feel better, the complete course should be completed to clear the infection.
  2. Following culture testing to ensure the infection is cleared
  3. Improve water intake to get rid of the toxins
  4. Fever and pain to be controlled with medications
  5. Healthy hygiene habits to ensure clearing of infection

Prevention:

Recurrent UTIs is a common problem, and the following can help prevent.

  1. Ensure complete emptying of the bladder
  2. Drink adequate water
  3. Safe toilet habits, including before and after sex
  4. Comfortable and clean underwear to prevent infection

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

Possible Factors That Can Cause Urinary Tract Obstruction!

Dr. Kuldip Singh 89% (199 ratings)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Delhi
Possible Factors That Can Cause Urinary Tract Obstruction!

Lower Urinary tract obstruction refers to a condition of hindrance to urinary flow from bladder outwards. This can occur in all the age groups and affect either sex. The symptoms can be poor urine flow, intermittent flow, straining to pass urine or empty bladder, sense of incomplete emptying of bladder, difficulty in starting urination. Other problems can be increased urine frequency and difficulty to hold on with or without occasional urine leak in clothes. The cause and treatment vary in different age groups.

Few common reasons behind Lower urinary Tract Obstruction:

  1. Congenital Urethral Stricture and PUV: These defects can be detected either before or after birth and need correction at earliest to avoid long-term complications. It is usually brought to attention by parents who observe abnormal urine flow pattern of their child OR found out during evaluation for repeated urinary tract infections.

  2. Neurogenic Bladder: This is caused due to defects of nerves that are responsible for controlling bladder function. This can be due to diseases of brain, spinal cord or peripheral nerves. These defects can occur by birth or later in life. It is very important to take early consult to avoid long-term complications and progression to renal failure.

  3. Urethral Stricture: This is narrowing in a long tube that starts from bladder to the external urinary opening. It can be idiopathic, post-traumatic, or due to urethral infections. Usually, a person is able to recognise poor urine flow and bring it to the attention of urologist.? Treatment for stricture depends on various factors and range from simple endoscopic surgery to open surgeries.

  4. Bladder Neck Obstruction: Bladder neck is a network or a group of muscles that connect the bladder to the urethra. The muscles tighten to hold urine in the bladder, and relax as they release it through the urethra. Urinary tract obstruction occurs when there are abnormalities blocking the bladder neck that restricts its opening during urination.

  5. BPH: This occurs due to enlarged prostate obstruction urine flow out of bladder. Prostate enlargement is mostly age-related and rarely due to prostatic tumors. Urinary stones. This can be usually recognized by sudden obstruction to urine flow in person who was voiding normally. These episodes might be recurrent due to movement of stone in between bladder and urethra.

  6. Bladder Tumors: The are mostly characterized by blood in urine. Sometimes there might be blood clots that obstruct the urine flow.

  7. Phimosis: Usually occurring post-puberty, it is referred to as the inability to retract the glans (the sensitive structure at the end of the penis). It is a condition in which the distal foreskin, which was previously retractable, is unable to retract anymore. Phimosis is another major reason behind urinary tract obstructions.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1811 people found this helpful

How To Prevent A Urinary Tract Infection?

Dr. Vandana Singh 86% (75 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Noida
How To Prevent A Urinary Tract Infection?

A urinary tract infection or UTI can be quite painful and uncomfortable. This infection can be described as an infection that affects the ureter, urethra, bladder or kidneys. Women have a shorter urethra than men which makes this more vulnerable to this kind of infection.

It is said that most women suffer from at least one bout of this infection in a lifetime. Urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria and may often recur after treatment. However, in most cases, this can easily be prevented. Here are a few tips to help prevent recurrent urinary tract infections.

  1. Drink plenty of fluids: Ideally, we should drink 8-10 glasses of water a day at regular intervals. This keeps the body hydrated and flushes toxins and bacteria from the body. Water also prevents the formation of kidney stones that could increase your risk of suffering from a urinary tract infection.
  2. Urinate frequently: If you drink the required amount of water, you will typically need to urinate frequently. Do not try to control your bladder. Holding your urine in your bladder allows bacteria to multiply inside the bladder. This is an easy way for a UTI to begin.
  3. Follow healthy bathroom habits: Cleanliness is the first step to preventing any infection. When using public restrooms, flush the toilet before and after urinating. In the case of women, it becomes important to ensure that the seat of the toilet is clean as well. After urinating wipe the residual urine with toilet paper in a motion that goes from front to back. Since the urethra is situated very close to the rectum, this step is very important. For uncircumcised men, it is important to wash the foreskin after urination.
  4. Wear loose clothes: Tight fitting clothes trap moisture and aid in the multiplication of bacteria. Hence, always wear loose fitting clothes that keep the area around the urethra dry. Also, avoid synthetic underwear and only wear cotton underwear.
  5. Urinate after intercourse: The relative closeness of the vagina to the urethra makes it easy for bacteria to enter the urethra during intercourse. Hence, make it a habit of washing your pubic region after intercourse and urinating. This helps flush out any possible bacteria that may have entered your body.
  6. Choose the correct method of birth control: Certain types of birth control such as diaphragms and spermicidal agents can promote a urinary tract infection. Hence, it is best to avoid these types of birth control and pick alternatives.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2780 people found this helpful
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