I am Dr. Madhur Mahna, Orthopedist. Today I will talk about the benefits of PRP therapy. It is used to treat the number of conditions not only in orthopedics but in various treatment modalities. In this, we take the blood of the patient and we centrifuge it. As a result, red blood cells and plasma get separated in which we separate platelet rich and poor plasma. They contain a large number of growth factors which help in rapid healing of tissues, joints and various other parts of the body. Before, we were waiting to worsen the condition like in osteoporosis where we require knee replacement. In such cases, PRP is the best to avoid surgery.
What are the conditions for PRP treatment? Any kind of degenerative condition like arthritis, frozen shoulder, tennis elbow, tendinitis, avascular necrosis, hip arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the common condition and in this PRP is directly given inside the joint. In this, the cartilage which has been damaged gets healed because of various growth factors. Instant result will not be noted as this is a healing procedure. The results are only visible after 3-4 weeks of giving the injection. Many times, multiple injections are required. Ideally, 3 injections are given at a gap of 6-8 weeks for proper results. So, the first prerequisite is that the patient should have an adequate amount of platelets in the blood.
In many diseases, there are adverse effects. In the case of PRP, we are taking the patient's own blood and inserting in the patient's joint. So, there are no side-effects of the treatment. Only 1 side-effect it has i.e. if PRP enters in the soft tissue, it might give the discomfort or pain for 2 days to the patient. In case of any pain or swelling, the patient may apply ice. Other then that, there is no allergic reaction or an adverse reaction. So, the final message I would like to give is PRP treatment is a natural treatment, highly effective, no side-effects and it can avoid large and major surgery.