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Types and Treatment of Acne Scars

Reviewed by
Dr. Anju Kollare 92% (105 ratings)
PG Diploma In Clinical Cosmetology (PGDCC), PG Diploma in Aesthetic Medicine & Hair Transplant, MBBS
Dermatologist, Mumbai  •  26 years experience
Types and Treatment of Acne Scars

Acne is a disorder, which is characterized by small red bumps on the skin or occluded pores in the skin such as blackheads. Acne occurs when overactive sebaceous glands (glands that produce oil in the skin) produce excess oil and the dead skin cells clog the pores of the hair follicle present in the skin. Acne is a condition that affects many people including teenagers and women during their menstruation period. The problem of acne can be extremely annoying, making most of the people to opt for self medication.

Acne scars can be divided into two broad types:

  1. Hypertrophic and Keloid scarring: Raised tissue on the surface of the skin following excess collagen production causes such kind of scars.
  2. Atrophic or depressed scarring: These scars are caused due to reduced tissue production. Small, but noticeable holes on your skin are called Ice picks. However, the boxcar is a scar, which is similar to a chicken pox mark.

Causes of acne scars:

  1. Food items rich in carbohydrates can trigger acne. Dairy products could also worsen the condition.
  2. Any medicine that contains lithium, androgen or corticosteroids can worsen this skin condition.
  3. Malfunctioning of hormones even after the age of puberty can lead to acne formation in both males and females.
  4. Bacteria, excess oil, blocked pores, and dead skin cells are the primary reasons behind acne.

Treatments of acne scars:

Fractional resurfacing laser is one of the most effective treatments for acne scars. It is a minimally-ablative technique that creates microscopic zones of dermal injury in a grid-like pattern. This helps in collagen remodelling, skin tightening, scar improvement, reduction in fine lines, improvement in texture, tone and colour of the skin. A series of 4 to 6 sittings are usually needed for optimal results. Each session lasts for one hour and is performed at monthly intervals.

Certain types of scars such as the ice pick and rolling scars, pixel laser are combined with subcision, dermal rollers and TCA cross. In addition, punch excision and softening of margins with laser can be done for box scars.

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