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Acute Diarrhea Tips

Diarrhoea First Aid With Homoeopathy!

Dr. Himani Negi 93% (21264 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
Diarrhoea First Aid With Homoeopathy!

Acute diarrhea is a disorder which leads to a person passing a number of watery stools. It may be accompanied by cramping pain in the abdomen and at times fever too. Food and water-borne bacteria, parasites and viruses cause such problems.

Rapid loss of water in the form of watery stool can cause a situation known as dehydration which can disrupt the normal functioning of the body. Along with it, the essential salts (electrolytes) of the body are also lost.

While the oral rehydration salts and fluids significantly reduce fatalities from dehydration, they do not treat the underlying infection that is causing diarrhea. Homeopathic medicines veratrum album, arsenic album, podophyllum lead the homeopathic table for treating diarrheas and provide quick relief to patients by eliminating the infection.
 

Treatment of Diarrhea!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 91% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of Diarrhea!

Treatment of Diarrhea

Homeopathic Treatment of Diarrhea
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Diarrhea
Psychotherapy Treatment of Diarrhea
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Diarrhea
Surgical Treatment of Diarrhea
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Diarrhea
Other Treatment of Diarrhea
What is Diarrhea
Symptoms of Diarrhea
Causes of Diarrhea
Risk factors of Diarrhea
Complications of Diarrhea
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Diarrhea
Precautions & Prevention of Diarrhea
Treatment of Diarrhea

Homeopathic Treatment of Diarrhea

Homeopathy has very good reputation in treating all types of diarrheas. It can be life saving medicine. It has proved beneficial in allergic, viral, bacterial and all other causative diarrheas. There are hundreds of homeopathic remedies for diarrhea. Some common homeopathic medicines for diarrhea are:

Arsenicum Album
Phosphorus
Podophyllum
Sulfur
Ipecacuanha
Bryonia
Rumex crispus

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Diarrhea

Acupressure at certain acupuncture points (acupoints) can help prevent and heal diarrhea but it can be used in an acute situation.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Diarrhea

If diarrhea is caused by bacteria or parasite, antibiotics are prescribed. Among the medications sometimes given for the symptom are Pepto-Bismol, Kaopectate, and Imodium A-D, all in tablet or liquid form.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Diarrhea

Do not drink unpasteurized milk
Eat hot, well-cooked foods
Avoid raw or undercooked meats and dairy foods
Drink plenty of fluids
Other Treatment of Diarrhea

Take a cup of hot water. Add to this a tablespoon of lime juice. Drink this every fifteen minutes

What is Diarrhea?

Diarrhea is the frequent passing of loose or watery stools. Diarrhea often means more frequent trips to the toilet and a greater volume of stool.

Symptoms of Diarrhea

Abdominal bloating
Abdominal or rectal pain
Nausea and vomiting
Extreme thirst
Loose stools
Weight loss
Fever
Bloody or black stools
Dry mouth
Temperature of more than 102 F 

Causes of Diarrhea

Infection by bacteria
Infections by other organisms
Abdominal surgery or gallbladder removal surgery
Allergies to certain foods
Certain antibiotics
Lactose intolerance
Hyperthyroidism
Alcohol abuse
Digestive disorders such as Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, celiac disease, microscopic colitis and irritable bowel syndrome
 

Risk factors of Diarrhea

Having a severely weakened immune system, such as with AIDS or after an organ transplant
Traveling to a developing country where the water and food supply may be contaminated
Taking certain medications

Complications of Diarrhea

Anemia
Dehydration
Hypokalemia
Hemolytic uremic syndrome
Malnutrition 

Diagnosis of Diarrhea

Diagnosis of diarrhea includes the complete physical examination of the abdomen. Your doctor may ask about any medications you’re taking, including over-the-counter drugs. The following tests are done:

Blood test – A complete blood count test may help determine what’s causing your diarrhea.
Stool test – Your doctor may recommend a stool test to determine whether a bacterium or parasite is causing your diarrhea.

Precautions & Prevention of Diarrhea

Wash your hands after using the toilet and changing diapers
Wash your hands after handling raw meat, seafood, or poultry
Do not drink unpasteurized milk
Eat hot, well-cooked foods
Avoid raw or undercooked meats and dairy foods
Travelers to developing countries should avoid tap water

2 people found this helpful

Diarrhea - 5 Ways It Can Be Treated Effectively!

Dr. Rajeev Kumar Bansal 90% (23 ratings)
DNB(Gastroenterology), Gujarat University
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Diarrhea - 5 Ways It Can Be Treated Effectively!

Diarrhea is not usually a serious condition but can be very uncomfortable and embarrassing. This can be caused by a number of factors including bacterial or viral infections, food poisoning, contaminated water etc. Thankfully, it is easy to treat and does not require medication unless it is very severe. Let us take a look some of the most effective ways to treat diarrhoea:

  1. Drink Plenty of Water: Keeping your body hydrated when dealing with diarrhoea is very important. This is because your body loses a lot of water while passing stool. To hydrate your body, drink lots of water. You could also add oral rehydration salts to the water. Avoid drinking sodas, packaged juices and caffeinated drinks such as coffee as they can further dehydrate the body.
  2. Probiotics: To function optimally, your digestion system requires good bacteria. Diarrhea is usually a sign that the bad bacteria levels have overtaken the good bacteria levels. Thus, you need to balance this equation. Probiotics are a source of good bacteria and are available in powder or pill form. It is also available naturally in foods like yoghurt, pickles and kimchi.
  3. Eat the Right Food: When suffering from an upset stomach, eat food that is easy to digest. Food items such as bananas, rice, apples and dry toast are easy to digest and can help bulk up your stool. This is also known as the BRAT diet. You could also include a simple chicken soup, baked skinless chicken and oatmeal in your diet.
  4. Drink a Little Tea: Tannins in black tea are good for the digestive system. They help calm inflammation in the intestines and help the body absorb fluids. Raspberry and blackberry leaf tea are ideal for diarrhoea. You could also try sipping caraway tea. Other teas such as chamomile tea help reduce spasms and calm the stomach. When looking for such teas, ensure that they are made from the leaf and not powdered. Also, do not drink any form of caffeinated tea.
  5. Avoid Spicy Foods: Do not eat anything that is spicy or fried when you have an upset stomach. Also, avoid eating foods rich in fibre as they can make you feel bloated. Alcohol and milk are best left aside until your stomach has healed. Other foods you should avoid include chewing gums with artificial sweeteners, berries, beans, peas, prunes, peppers and ice cream.

If your diarrhoea does not improve, consult a doctor. If it lasts for more than 2 weeks, it could be a symptom of another underlying condition. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2238 people found this helpful

Diarrhea - Types, Causes,Symptoms And More!

MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Delhi
Diarrhea -  Types, Causes,Symptoms And More!

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a common health problem. It can begin from being a mild, temporary condition and develop into a potential life-threatening problem.

There are about 2 billion diarrhea cases recorded every year across the world, with approximately 1.9 million cases of death of children of age below 5 years, typically in developing countries.

Diarrhea means getting loose, watery stools three or more times in a day. Usually it lasts for a couple of days. Diarrhea can either be acute or chronic. When it lasts for more than a few days, it is acute diarrhea. This could be a sign of a bigger problem. Chronic diarrhea lasts for around four weeks – which may be a symptom of a serious disease. It usually results from an intestinal problem or disorder, like celiac disease or Crohn’s disease.

There are some people who pass stools very often, but that is not diarrhea as they are of normal consistency. Likewise, breastfed infants also pass loose, pale stools. This is also not diarrhea.

Types of Diarrhea:

- Microscopic colitis: This type of diarrhea majorly affects the elderly people, causing trouble most often during the night time. It can continue for a long time and may not go away completely in some cases.

- Mal-absorptive and Mal-digestive diarrhea: Sometimes, non-absorption of food nutrients can cause mal-absorptive diarrhea. While non-functioning of the digestive system leads to mal-digestive diarrhea, such as Celiac disease.

- Chronic infections: A persistent use of antibiotics or parasitic infection during travel can lead to chronic diarrhea.

- Drug-induced diarrhea: this type of diarrhea is induced by certain laxatives and other medications or antibiotics.

- Endocrine causes: hormonal factors also cause diarrhea, for instance, in the case of Addison disease and carcinoid tumors.

- Neoplastic diarrhea: this type of diarrhea is linked with different forms of gut cancers.

Causes of Diarrhea

Diarrhea may result from a variety of conditions or circumstances. Main causes of diarrhea are:

- a food allergy or intolerance, for example: lactose intolerance

- a medication reaction

- a viral infection

- a bacterial infection

- infection in the gastrointestinal tract 

- a parasitic infection

- gallbladder or stomach operation

Research studies by Mayo Clinic say that Rotavirus is a major factor that causes childhood diarrhea. Other bacterial infections caused by Salmonella or Escherichia coli, may also result in diarrhea.

Irritable bowel disorder or inflammatory bowel syndrome may also sometimes cause chronic diarrhea. If you are experiencing regular and severe diarrhea, it could mean you are suffering from a functional bowel disorder or an internal intestinal problem.

Symptoms of diarrhea

Diarrhea may have various signs or symptoms. You might get one of these or a combination of many symptoms. The symptoms occur depending on the underlying cause. Mostly, you may experience the following signs:

- motion sickness

- stomach pain

- cramps

- bloating

- dehydration

- a fever

- stools with blood stains

- regular urges to clear your bowels

- stools in a big volume

Consult your physician if you have symptoms like any of the above.

Dehydration and diarrhea

Diarrhea leads to loss of fluids in the body due to which there is a risk of dehydration. If treatment is not given on time, diarrhea can have other side effects and major dehydration. Dehydration occurs when you experience symptoms such as:

- extreme tiredness and fatigue

- dry mucous tissues

- pulsating heart rate

- headache

- nausea

- dry throat and amplified thirst 

- lesser frequencies of urine

- mouth dryness

Consult your doctor immediately if your symptoms do not go away and your diarrhea is causing increased dehydration.

Who gets diarrhea?

Diarrhea can occur to people of all ages.

People travelling to developing countries have the risk of getting traveler's diarrhea. This condition occurs due to consumption of contaminated food or water.

Diarrhea in babies and young children

Diarrhea may be a small problem for an adult but when it affects at a very young age, for example an infant, it causes severe dehydration and may be fatal. 

Immediately visit your pediatrician or take emergency help when you notice the following symptoms in your child:

- no urination or very less urination

- dry mouth

- irritability

- weakness

- no tears while crying

- sunken eyes

- dry skin

- sunken fontanel

- sleepiness

- irritability

Seek instant help if any of the following symptoms are observed in your child:

- Diarrhea lasts for more than 24 hours.

- Your child has fever of 102°F or higher.

- The child passes stools that contain traces of blood or pus.

- Stools are black and sticky.

Diagnosis of diarrhea

A doctor will conduct a physical examination and study your medical history while investigating the cause of your diarrhea. A laboratory test may also be done to scan urine and blood samples.

There are other tests that your doctor may conduct to diagnose the cause of diarrhea and its side effects:

- Fasting tests to check if there is any food intolerance or insensitivity that is causing diarrhea.

- A culture test of stool to check for possible infections of bacteria, parasites, or other viral infections.

- Imaging tests to check for intestinal inflammation or other structural disorders.

- a colonoscopy to examine the colon for symptoms of intestinal disease

- a sigmoidoscopy to examine the rectum and lower part of colon for symptoms of intestinal infection

Treatment for diarrhea

Since diarrhea leads to loss of fluids in the body, the treatment for diarrhea is done by inducing a lot of fluids in the body. It can be done through drinking plenty of water or electrolyte replacement beverages, juices, health and energy drinks, etc. In chronic cases of diarrhea, fluids may be induced by intravenous therapy. If your doctor finds a bacterial infection, you might be asked to take antibiotics for some time.

Your doctor will start your treatment depending on:

- how sever your diarrhea is and whether there are any related conditions

- the frequency of the diarrhea

- how dehydrated you are

- your normal health

- your past medical history

- your current age

- your tolerance towards various medical procedures or drugs

- chances of improvement of your health condition

Prevention of Diarrhea

Though the exact cause of diarrhea may vary among different people, there are measures that you can take to avoid it:

- Diarrhea from food contamination can be prevented by cleaning the kitchen and food preparation areas regularly and keeping proper hygiene.

- Taking food immediately after cooking instead of taking food stored for too long.

- Leftovers should be properly refrigerated.

- Frozen food should be defrosted in a refrigerator.

How to prevent traveler’s diarrhea?

Follow the below steps while traveling, especially to a developing nation:

- You may want to ask your doctor if you can begin an antibiotic treatment before you leave. This will greatly reduce your risk of developing traveler’s diarrhea.

- Avoid tap water, ice cubes, and fresh produce that have probably been washed with tap water while you’re on vacation.

- Drink bottled water only while on vacation.

- Eat cooked food only while on vacation.

Risk factors:

- Age factor: Diarrhea in children of age three years or less can be risky, as they are more prone to dehydration. Infants are at a greater risk. Even older people are at risk of getting dehydrated through diarrhea.

- Environmental factors: Poor hygiene and unclean environment can spread the disease fast 

Medications: heavy use of antibiotics and drugs and aggravate the condition of the disease

- Co morbidities: People with Diabetes, kidney abnormalities, and intussusceptions are also at greater risk of being dehydrated due to occurrence of Diarrhea.

Myths:

1.    “BRAT Formula (banana, rice, apple sauce and tea) can alone cure Diarrhea”

Fact: This diet does work in calming the stomach and producing a relaxing effect due to light food components. However, the body needs all the essential nutrients like minerals and vitamins to restore its original health. So, after using BRAT formula the 1st day, you should start adding wholesome ingredients like fat and protein to get back to your original health.

2. "Diarrhea is just one of the many symptoms of the common Influenza ":

Fact: Influenza rarely cause diarrhea; its major symptoms are fever and pain. It is a respiratory disease affecting the lungs. Diarrhea may be caused by the stomach flu, not the common flu.

3. "We should totally avoid whole fat in our food to get rid of Diarrhea":

Fact: Fat is hard to digest and can be a lot of load to the stomach, but that does not mean you should completely remove it from your diet.

Fat is an important ingredient of your diet and also helps in easing the symptoms of diarrhea. All you need to take care of is to take it in appropriate amounts.

4.    "Teething leads to diarrhea in toddlers":

The truth: Diarrhea is caused due to impurities and contamination in the surroundings. A child in the teething phase generally takes every object in his mouth to soothe his teething procedure. In this process, he /she gets many impurities transferred as the objects may be dirty and unhygienic; this could lead to a stomach infection and diarrhea. So, always consult a doctor if your teething child is experiencing diarrhea.

6. "Avoid fluids because it will make your diarrhea worse":

Fact: This is the biggest mistake that people do their body and health and it can be fatal. If you are suffering from diarrhea, you are already losing a lot of fluids from your body which makes you dehydrated. Water has important minerals and vitamins that the body needs to function properly. So, it is even more important to consume increasing amounts of water and other fluids to regain the lost nutrients and keep your body hydrated.

7. "Drink caffeinated drinks and beverages during the period of diarrhea":

Fact: People think taking caffeinated drinks will relax their stomach for a while and curb their need to visiting the toilet frequently. This is completely false. In fact, beverages like tea and coffee and other foods having caffeine content are diuretic and can further worsen your digestive health and aggravate your diarrhea occurrences.

FAQS:

1. How will I know if my symptoms are of Diarrhea? 

Diarrhoea is a disorder related to the abnormal functioning of intestines, which causes excess fecal evacuations, due to increased motility in the colon. It could be due to underlying dysenteric disorders, GI tumors, inflammatory bowel syndrome, and lactose intolerance. In plain words, when you experience excess passage of watery stools that lasts for more than a day, it could be diarrhea. This may lead to your body getting dehydrated   because frequent watery stools flush out important body salts and fluids and make you weak.

2. Is diarrhea dangerous?

Yes! If not treated on time, it could lead to your body getting very dehydrated due to loss of fluids and body salts which are important to balance the body and keep it functioning normally. Dehydration can be severe and sometimes fatal.

3. What is dehydration? 

When you lose excess water and body salts due to diarrhea, it is called dehydration. Water is very important to maintain the body balance and keep it functioning normally. If water content in body gets too low, it makes you weak and unable to perform normal routine as your body also loses electrolytes along with other fluids. These are essential salts that provide minerals and vitamins to the body and keep it running. Dehydration can be caused through:

- excess urination

- vomiting 

- diarrhea

- sweating

4. What cause dehydration? 

Diarrhea followed by vomiting and loos of body fluids can cause dehydration.

You may also become dehydrated if you drink less water and have bad eating habits.

Certain medications that are diuretic also lead to loss of fluid in the body. The following people are more at risk of being dehydrated:

- Infants

- the elderly people

- People suffering from fever or any other illness

- People living in hot weather

5. How can I prevent diarrhea?

Maintaining proper hygiene and cleanliness at your home and in your surroundings will prevent you from getting the disease. Wash your hands before eating and keep your kitchen and food area clean. Store food items in clean places and never leave your food uncovered.

Drink clean purified water, and avoid street foods that may be contaminated.

Diarrhea In Children - How Can It Be Treated?

Dr. S. Gupta 92% (40 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, BCH, DNB - Training, PDCC - Pediatric Hepatology & Gastroenterology
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Diarrhea In Children - How Can It Be Treated?

Diarrhea occurs when the body is expelling germs out of it. An episode of diarrhea can last anywhere from a couple of days to a week. Dehydration, cramps, vomiting, nausea and fever often accompany diarrhea. Usually, children tend to get diarrhoea more than adults.

Diarrhea treatment according to causes behind it

  1. Treating diarrhea due to infectionSome common causes of diarrhea include infection from rotavirus, salmonella (a type of bacteria) and rarely giardia (a type of parasite). In children, virus is a common cause of diarrhea. Besides watery or loose stools, viral gastroenteritis infection symptoms include fever, headache, stomach ache and vomiting. Gastroenteritis diarrhoea can last for 5-14 days. During this time, fluid loss must be prevented. In younger children, oral rehydration solution (ORS) or breast milk is enough. Just feeding them water won’t replenish the potassium, sodium and other nutrients they lose. Older children, to prevent fluid loss, can be given ORS and popsicles to counter dehydration and vomiting.
  2. Treating diarrhea due to medications: Antibiotics or laxatives can cause diarrhea in children. If the diarrhea is mild, make sure your child is hydrated. If the antibiotics are causing diarrhoea, you need to continue medication, but do consult your doctor immediately.
  3. Treating diarrhea due to food poisoningWhen it comes to food poisoning induced diarrhea, the same method as countering infection-induced diarrhea should be followed. Keep your child hydrated and call your doctor.

Diarrhea and children - recognising dehydration

The most serious complication of diarrhea is dehydration, especially if the diarrhea is severe. Severe dehydration is critical as it can cause brain damage, seizure, even death. Your child may need immediate medical attention, if you notice the following symptoms:

  1. Light-headedness and dizziness
  2. Sticky, dark mouth
  3. Dark yellow urine
  4. No or few tears when crying
  5. Dry, cool skin
  6. Loss of energy

When should you visit a doctor

Diarrhea resolves within a few days, but it can have serious complications. Call your doctor if you notice signs such as:
1. Looks very sick
2. Diarrhea has persisted for more than 3 days
3. Your child is less than 6 months old
4. Your child is vomiting bloody yellow or green fluid
5. Seems dehydrated
6. The fever reads above 105 degree Fahrenheit
7. Bloody stools
8. Rashes
9. Stomach pain persists for more than 2 hours
10. Infrequent urination

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3576 people found this helpful
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