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Last Updated: Feb 05, 2020
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Acne/Pimples - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

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Acne/Pimples - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is acne?

In medical terms, acne is better known as Acne Vulgaris. It is a disease of the skin which chiefly concerns the oil glands which are to be found at the base of hair follicles. It is most common in adolescents when these glands start functioning. The glands become active due to the stimulation received from the male hormones secreted by the adrenal glands of both the genders.

It is not a dangerous condition per se but can potentially scar the skin, a condition abhorred by those in the tumultuous adolescent phase. The oil or sebaceous glands are located beneath the skin and it is connected with the human skin through pores or tiny holes containing follicles or small canals. The function of the sebum or the oil produced by the gland is to carry dead skin cells to the skin’s surface. These follicles are susceptible to being blocked.

Pimples are usually found on the face, neck, shoulders, back and the chest in human beings. The skin cells, the oil-sebum and the hair clump together to form a plug. In time, the plug becomes infected due to the presence of bacteria which results in the swelling. The plug begins to break down and a pimple develops.

What is the cause of acne?

An interesting thing to note about acne is that it cannot be said for certain what is its cause. According to experts, the hormone androgen is the culprit which surges during puberty which in turn leads to the growth of skin glands resulting in excessive sebum. This sebum then breaks down the cellular wall of pores which enable bacterial growth.

According to some studies, there is also an element of genetic propensity. Medication with lithium and androgen may also lead to the condition. Greasy cosmetics are another culprit. Pregnancy-related hormonal changes may also result in acne.

What are the different types of acne pimples?

Acne pimples may be of various types. These include:

  • Whiteheads- These are very small and are usually present beneath the skin.
  • Blackheads- Blackheads can be seen clearly. They are black in color and make their appearance on the skin’s surface. It is a misconception that blackheads are caused by dirt and scrubbing your face with vigor is of little use.
  • Papules- Papules are small bumps typically pink in color on the skin’s surface.
  • Pustules- Pustules can be identified on the skin surface with ease. They have a red base with a top filled with pus.
  • Nobules- Nobules too stand out on the skin’s surface. They happen to be solid, large pimples. They are often accompanied by pain and are embedded in the depths of the skin.
  • Cysts- These are visible on the skin surface. They are usually painful and are pus filled. They are prone to cause scars.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi doctor, I have consulted you one month ago for chemical peeling treatment in practo app, for pimple and acne problem. On that date you suggested me two ointments (retino-a and aziderm) and they worked well for me. And you recommend that you will suggest me chemical peel ointments for acne scars and dark spots. After one month of review. One month period has been completed. Please suggest me.

DVDL, MBBS, Gold Medalist
Dermatologist, Ranchi
Chemical peeling is a day care procedure and can only be done by a dermatolgist. Do not try this by your own. There are different types of peeling agent like ga/ la/ sa/ combination peel etc and choice of peeling agent depends on the grade of acne...

I am 28 year old and I am suffering from acne .last year too I suffered it. Dermatologist suggested me to take antibiotic azifast 500 for 1 month and some ointments .benzoyl peroxide and deriva cms gel for night use can I continue this treatment this time pls suggest me and also pls tell how to take this antibiotic tablet pls.

Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
To prevent pimples, eat fresh fruits, green vegetables, drinking plenty of water should be an essential part of your routine and intake of oily fried foods, an excess of sugar-salt should be avoided. Don't peal pimples, as they tend to leave scars...

I am a 16 year old year girl i'm facing from acne problem from many years and I also have body acne i'm taking purodil syrup. Can uh guide me to remove acne plus my spot.

DNB (Dermatology), Fellowship in Dermatological Laser Surgery, Fellowship In Cosmetic Dermatology, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), MBBS
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Hello acne is common problem at this age not only on face but also on body. Proper treatment plan will definitely helo you clear your acne and acne marks completely. I would suggest you consult online for detailed plan and prescription. Avoid touc...

Hlo. I have little acne and pimples on my face, can I use demelan cream to treat hyperpigmentation. Does demelan cream affect pimples?

Dermatologist, Ranchi
Hello. Yes it can affect pimples. For that use demelan cream only on hyperpigmentation and not over pimples. And for acne lesions use cream (adapalene/ clindymycin or whatever antiacne cream you are using. Thanks.

I have acne since last 5 months my doctor prescribed saslic dc face wash and clindoxyl gel can I apply clindoxyl just after washing face with saslic dc face wash.

DNB (Dermatology), MBBS, Diploma in Trichology - Cosmetology
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Hi! use clindoxyl gel after the skin is dried completely and not on the wet face. Acne or pimples is an age related skin problem (13-23 years ,usually) which has ups and downs of the lesions. But if it is persisting beyond this age or if acne is i...

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