When a pregnancy is deliberately eliminated at an early stage it is known an abortion. On occasion an abortion may take pace by itself, that is, naturally. In this case, it is called a miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion. Abortion is a type of service offered to women who do not want to go ahead with their pregnancy. In this case, they may end their pregnancy either through medication or surgery.
If you think you are pregnant or have confirmed your pregnancy through a home test, make sure to consult a doctor immediately. If you want to eliminate the pregnancy, it is best to do it during the early stages of pregnancy. Thus, make sure to discuss all your options with a doctor. Early termination of pregnancy also reduces the risks involved.
Terminating a pregnancy is a big decision and one that is very difficult to make. Thus, it should be carefully considered. In the case of any type of confusion, counselling may be opted for. One can either speak to their doctor about the implications of an abortion or discuss it with a close family member or friend. Only after serious thought should an abortion be considered.
These are the types of abortion procedure:
Here is the process of abortion and how it is done:
This abortion is performed in the 2-10 weeks of pregnancy and is based on the medical process. In this process, the drug is prescribed so as to stop the process of pregnancy. With the consumption of this drug, there may be crampings, bleeding or pelvic pain, clotting and often women pass the unborn child within a few hours.
This abortion is performed in 2-12 weeks of pregnancy. In this near or in the cervix local anesthetic is injected thus helping in stretching over of the cervix to insert a tube into it. After this, the unborn child and the placenta is suctioned out through the tube. Though the process gets completed here but sometimes after this procedure the walls of the uterus are scraped to make sure that the unborn child and placenta are washed out.
This process is performed in the 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. In this, a sponge-like material is placed in the cervix of the woman thus helping to open the cervix slowly. She is given medication in order to cure the pain and prevent infection. The mother and the child is given general anesthesia. After which with the help of suction curettage and forceps the unborn child and placenta are removed from the womb. At time dismembering the child is necessary.
This is performed in 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. During this process, you may require to go to the hospital and the mother is given drugs in order to terminate the pregnancy thus beginning the labor which usually starts in 2-4 hours. In this procedure, the placenta cannot be removed completely during the labor and the cervix is kept open for the doctor to perform suction curettage.
This is performed in the 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. This abortion is also called partial-birth abortion and this is illegal until used for saving the life of the mother. This abortion is performed in the hospital only as this requires full clinical support. After 16 weeks it can only be performed rarely. In this process, by holding the foot of the unborn child it is delivered or taken out except for the head. The skull is later suctioned out and the head collapse, thus a dead child is delivered.
This is performed in 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. During this process, you may require to go to the hospital and the mother is given drugs in order to terminate the pregnancy thus beginning the labor which usually starts in 2-4 hours. In this procedure, the placenta cannot be removed completely during the labor and the cervix is kept open for the doctor to perform suction curettage. But in this abortion, it is possible that the child is delivered alive and if this happnes then the baby will be taken care of by the doctors.
This is performed in the 22-38 weeks of pregnancy and needs clinical setting. Mostly it is done when there are no possibilities left or labor induction or it is failed. In this process the unborn child is removed by cutting the abdomen and uterus and after the removal, the unborn child is killed.
The time for the abortion mostly is the first 3 months of pregnancy and it is the safest time. In rare cases, abortion is done in the second trimester that is in the 4-6 months of pregnancy. In the third trimester abortion is rarely done as it not safe and is only done at the time of emergency or life-threatening reasons. Therefore one must opt for earlier options as it is safe and cheaper.
To get a safe abortion the first trimester that is the first 3 months are the safest time because at this time drugs can be used for getting an abortion done and these drugs generally do not have side effects. Vacuum aspiration procedures can also be used which are also safe. After the first trimester, it is tough to get a safe abortion and one should not go if it unless there is an emergency.
While both the medical and surgical abortion procedures are quite safe, every procedure and treatment do involve some risks. Abortion risks include-
Abortion is safest if it is done at the earliest. In the case of any complications, a doctor should be consulted immediately and relevant treatment should be opted for. Opting for an abortion does not reduce the chance of a future pregnancy.
Post the abortion complete recovery is important. The guidelines are -
The abortion procedure takes about two days to complete and the recovery period may take about 2 weeks depending on complications.
In India, an abortion may cost from Rs 5000- to Rs 30,000 depending on the kind of procedure that is undergone.
Yes, the results of the treatment are permanent
An alternative way of abortion includes the use of herbs to trigger a miscarriage. This is known as herbal abortion. Although not entirely an alternative to abortion, having the baby and giving it up for adoption may also be considered.
Effectiveness: Very High
Relative Risk: Low
Side Effects: Low
Recovery Time: Low
Price Range: Rs. 5000 - Rs. 30,000