IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is a procedure where the fertilization of the egg by a sperm occurs outside the human body. “In vitro” means “in glass”. Conducted under laboratory conditions, the ovum or ova are removed from the woman’s ovaries and the sperm is allowed to fertilize them. The fertilized egg or zygote is then allowed to grow in a culture of amniotic fluids for almost a week. This fertilized egg at its embryonic stage is introduced into the uterus in order to trigger a pregnancy.
IVF as a fertility treatment may be prescribed on the basis of various factors such male or female infertility, genetic disorder, or disorders with ovulation. So an IVF treatment may or may not include a surrogate. It makes good sense to know as much as you possibly can before you undergo any treatment.
Here are 4 lesser known facts about IVF-
1. IVF pregnancies too can become ectopic
An ectopic pregnancy is when the fertilized egg gets implanted on the outside of the uterus. This usually happens somewhere in the fallopian tubes, though the egg might implant itself elsewhere as well. Given that in an IVF the embryo is directly transferred into the uterus, it is safe to assume that ectopic pregnancies can be confidently avoided. But, the contractions in the uterine walls after the transfer may cause the embryo to shift elsewhere.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!