Strabismus is a visual problem in which the eyes are not aligned properly, they point in different directions. The condition is common among children, but it can also affect the adult population. Strabismus may run in families. Each eye is attached to six muscles that control its movement. For a correct vision, all the muscles must put a coordinated effort. Sometimes one or more muscles of the eye develop a weakness and do not function properly. This causes a misalignment of that eye. When the condition affects young children, they learn to ignore the image of the misaligned eye, thereby, losing depth perception. The goal of eye muscle treatment is to straighten the eyes and restore binocular vision. The treatment involves training and strengthening of the eye muscles. The eye specialist uses specialized computer and optical devices, prisms, filters and therapeutic lenses to develop alignment and coordination of the eye muscles. Eyeglasses or patches are also prescribed for the treatment of Strabismus. Strabismus surgery may be suggested to correct the unbalanced eye muscles. The procedure involves re-positioning or strengthening of the eye muscles after making a small incision. Recovery is very rapid and the patient can return to school or work within a few days. Strabismus surgery works to improve depth perception, eliminate two-eyed vision and improves the visual field. The patient may have to use glasses after the surgery. The surgery may cost around INR 8000 to INR15000. It is always advisable to undergo the surgery in consultation with a good ophthalmologist.
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