A gastroenterologist will recommend jaundice treatment depending on the underlying causes, some patients may need hospitalization, while for others supportive care should be enough. One of the most common jaundice causes includes high levels of bile pigment bilirubin in blood. Some of the common jaundice symptoms are discolouration of the skin and whites of the eyes, they normally take a yellowish tinge or a yellow colour depending on the severity of the disease. Other symptoms include dark urine, itchiness of the skin, and light-coloured stools. Liver damage, interference of the bile flow, destruction of blood cells and production of more bilirubin that the liver can handle are some of the potent causes of jaundice. Newborns with high bilirubin levels are often exposed to a dangerous condition of brain damage known as kernicterus. Alcohol consumption should be restricted if patients diagnosed with various forms of jaundice such as alcoholic hepatitis, cirrhosis of liver and acute pancreatitis. Antibiotics are prescribed for patients if jaundice causes infections or there are complications of conditions leading to jaundice. Invasive procedures such as surgery are required for patients with gallstones. Gastroenterologists recommend medicines to prevent liver damage, and instruct patients to take food with no oil and spice or unsanitary water which may cause Hepatitis A. Smoking and alcohol consumption should be reduced to minimal amounts after a patient is diagnosed with jaundice as this can cause more harm to the liver.
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