Smoking cessation means to stop the habit of smoking. The primary cause of addiction is the presence of nicotine in cigarettes, which makes it difficult to quit smoking, especially in the case of chain smokers. Stopping smoking can cause withdrawal symptoms like persistent irritation, craving for cigarettes and food, and problems in thinking. Smoking cessation lowers chances of respiratory diseases, lung cancer and heart disease. Treatments to stop smoking include nicotine tablets and patches, counselling and proper support.
HOW IS SMOKING CESSATION DIAGNOSED?
Almost 42.7 % of smokers quit smoking for one day in 2012 as they were trying to quit smoking.
Smoking Cessation treatment is done in three phases that consists preparation, intervention, and maintenance. In the preparation phase, Nicotine therapist aims to increase the smoker's motivation to quit and to build confidence that one will be successful. Intervention can take any number of forms to help smokers to achieve abstinence. Maintenance phase includes support, coping strategies, and substitute behaviours, which makes it necessary for permanent abstinence. Most smokers who successfully quit either on their own or on advice of a health professional, have used smoking cessation programs at some point during their smoking history. Counselling, voluntary and commercial clinics, nicotine replacement strategies, hypnosis, acupuncture, and behavioural programs are different types of smoking cessation methods used by smokers to break the habit. The most cost-effective strategy for smoking cessation for most smokers is self-care, which includes quitting on one's own or on the advice of a health professional or using smoking cessation aids such as a quit-smoking guide. Smoking cessation aids include Bupropion SR, which is a prescription drug used to treat nicotine addiction as it help reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms and the urge to smoke. The most commonly used smoking cessation aid is the nicotine inhaler or the nicotine nasal spray, which is a small plastic cartridge tube that lets one to breathe in nicotine vapour. Nicotine replacement therapy is used to help control withdrawal symptoms if one is trying to quit smoking. One can also replace cigarettes with the nicotine patch, nicotine gum, lozenge, inhaler, or spray.