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Pulmonary atresia is a heart defect present at birth (congenital) that's normally diagnosed within the first few hours or days of life. In pulmonary atresia, the valve that lets blood out of the heart to go to the baby's lungs (pulmonary valve) doesn't form correctly. Symptoms in the baby are:
• Blue- or gray-toned skin (cyanosis)
• Fast breathing or shortness of breath
• Easily tiring or being fatigued
• Feeding problems, such as tiring or sweating while eating
• Pale, clammy skin that may feel cool to the touch
HOW IS PULMONARY ATRESIA DIAGNOSED?
Although there is no known cause of Pulmonary Atresia, however, a Pediatric diagnoses Pulmonary Atresia by conducting X-Ray, Echocardiogram, and often Cardiac catheterization.
HOW IS PULMONARY ATRESIA TREATED?
Treatment for this disease includes the use of IV medication called prostaglandin E1. It helps to prevent the ductus arteriosus from closing. Apart from this, there are various other surgical procedures available to for combating the problem and is usually done right after birth.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though this disease is congenital, there is no known cause.