Otoplasty Treatment refers to the surgical and non-surgical procedures for correcting the deformities and defects of the external ear and for reconstructing a defective, or deformed, or absent external ear, consequent to congenital conditions and trauma. It is a common surgical procedure referred by the ENT specialists. The otoplastic surgeon corrects the defect or deformity by creating an external ear that is of natural proportions, contour, and appearance, usually achieved by the reshaping, the moving, and the augmenting of the cartilaginous support framework of the external ear. The occurrence of congenital ear deformities occasionally overlaps with other medical conditions. Otoplastic surgery can be performed under local anaesthesia or general anaesthesia (usual for children). In order to correct a lop ear with a small helix (the cartilage-supported outer rim of the pinna), an incision to one side of a flat cartilage piece leaves unopposed elastic forces on the opposite side, which permits the evolution of the ear contour, thus, a small incision on one side of the lop-ear cartilage, along the new anti-helical fold, can be a technical element of the corrective ear surgery. Yet, when done without an incision, the procedure is deemed an incisionless otoplasty, wherein the surgeon places a needle through the skin, to model the cartilage and to replace the retention sutures that will affix the antihelix and conchal bowl areas.
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