Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus in a woman. Hysterectomy is performed to resolve tumors or abnormal growths and chronic infections of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is very common in menopausal women, removal of the uterus reduces the risk of this kind of cancer. The ovaries and the fallopian tubes can also lead to the generation of cancer cells. Thus, they are also removed during the same procedure. After you have a hysterectomy, you will not be able to conceive. Hysterectomy may be carried out by making an incision in the abdomen or with laparoscopy. In an Abdominal hysterectomy, the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes are removed through an incision in the lower abdomen. A single large incision is made that may leave a scar. Recovery time is longer for this kind of surgery and the patient may have to stay in the hospital for 3-4 days. Laparoscopic hysterectomy is the preferred surgical procedure. It is performed with a specialized instrument called the laparoscope that has a tiny camera and a beam. Several small incisions are made in the belly to insert the necessary instruments. The recovery is quicker in this kind of surgery and complications are rare. The patient is usually discharged within 24 hours of the procedure. Most women do not have complications after a hysterectomy. In some instances, there may be fever, difficulty in urinating, urinary incontinence or heavy bleeding. In rare cases, complications include infection, blood clots in the legs or lungs, injury to other organs, such as the bladder or bowel. You should consult your doctor immediately if you notice any of these symptoms.
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