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4 Most Common Neurological Disorders - Learn More!

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Shuchit Pandey 86% (14 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Ahmedabad  •  10 years experience
4 Most Common Neurological Disorders - Learn More!

A group of diseases which affect the brain are called neurological diseases. Any disorder which affects your brain, spine and other nerves that help in connecting both, is a neurological disorder. Neurological disorders can turn your life upside down. According to a medical survey, there are close to 600 neurological disorders which have been discovered till date.

The most common neurological disorders which affect a majority of people all over the world have been listed below:

1. Alzheimer

One of the most common neurological diseases is Alzheimer. Alzheimer usually affects a large number of senior citizens on an average. However, this does not mean that individuals who are in their thirties and forties cannot be affected by this disorder. Alzheimer’s disease, also known as AD is a neurodegenerative disease which means that the disease progresses slowly and worsens over time. The life expectancy of an Alzheimer’s patient is from 3 years to 9 years after the diagnosis. Some of the commonly observed symptoms of Alzheimer’s are short-term memory loss, sudden mood swings and difficulty in speaking among others.

2. Parkinson’s disease

Another very common neurological disorder which affects a vast number of people all over the world daily is Parkinson’s disease. People affected by Parkinson’s disease or PD show symptoms much later and this is why it is difficult to detect the disorder in its early stages. Some people can get affected by Parkinson’s disease due to genetic reasons while others can be affected by certain environmental causes. People whose family members are suffering from PD are at a much higher risk of getting the disease. Some of the most common symptoms of PD are Anxiety, depression, dementia, and forgetfulness etc.

3. Migraine

A very common neurological disease which is very often taken lightly by people of all ages is a migraine. This neurological disease affects women more than men. A constant throbbing for a particular period of time on one side of your head is identified as a migraine. Some of the common symptoms of this disorder are nausea, difficulty in vision, throbbing pain in the temples or a particular side of the head, vision going black etc. Individuals who are extremely sensitive to loud noises and harsh lights, which result in severe headaches, should get themselves immediately checked.

4. Epilepsy

Epilepsy is yet another neurological disorder which is very common today. Epileptic seizures are caused by epilepsy. These seizures may last for a long while or may stop after a short period of time. The actual cause of the problem is still unknown, but you can observe symptoms like fainting, getting tremors in hands and legs or staring at a fixed spot without realization as an indication towards the disease.

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