Hijama in arabic is derived from 'hajm' which means 'sucking. Cupping or hijama is the process of applying cups to various points on the body by removing the air inside cups to form a vaccum.
Al-hijama is a minor surgical excretory procedure, where negative pressure applies to skin surface using cups creates skin uplifting gradually increasing in size, inside which local pressure decreases around capillaries. This causes increased capillaries filtration, local collection of filtered fluids, lymph and interstitial fluids and their retention inside the uplifted skin. This dilutes chemical substances, inflammatory mediators, nociceptive substances, bathes nerve endings in collected fluids and breaks tissue adhesions causing decreased pain. Now on removing the cups increase in blood flow occurs.
Scarification of surface of skin opens skin barrier for evacuation of fluids with causative pathology substances and prevents their absorption at venous capillaries end. Immediate second suction cups are used and this helps in excretion of collected interstitial fluids and release of endogenous opioids.
Types of cupping:
Benefits of hijama in diseases like:
Note: This treatment should be done by a medical graduate who is aware of sterility.