Lupus is a chronic inflammatory that affects the tissues and organs of your body. This disease occurs when the body’s immune system attacks your own tissues and organs. No two cases of Lupus are alike, symptoms are different in different people. Symptoms of Lupus are:
• Fatigue and fever
• Joint pain and stiffness
• Butterfly shaped rash on face that cover cheeks and bridge of nose
• Skin lesions that appear to worsen due to sun exposure
• Fingers and toes that turn white or blue when exposed to cold
• Shortness of breath
• Chest pain
• Headaches and memory loss
HOW IS LUPUS DIAGNOSED?
The symptoms of lupus often mimic those of other ailments and hence, the condition is a little difficult to diagnose. The general physician may recommend complete blood count, a test to evaluate the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, kidney and liver assessment, urinalysis and other lab tests to further investigate. Imaging tests and biopsy may also be needed in some cases.
HOW IS LUPUS TREATED?
Treatment for Lupus, includes a range of drugs like Antimalarial drugs, NSAID for reducing the swelling and inflammation and in some cases, immunosuppressants and Corticosteroids too. Ointments can be given to soothe irritation.
DID YOU KNOW?
Regular exercise, a healthy diet and smoking cessation can help in controlling as well as preventing lupus.