Joint pain is defined as the pain that starts off in the joint areas, including your wrists, knees, elbows, etc. This pain could be an early sign of rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, gout, strains, sprains, and other similar diseases. The pain experienced here is usually when you try to move your joints, sitting down, or could be caused because of an injury. Along with pain, swelling and inflammation may happen too.
HOW IS JOINT PAIN DIAGNOSED?
The general physician will conduct a thorough physical examination to identify the source of pain. X-rays and imaging tests such as MRI may be performed to further investigate the pain and suggest a proper course of treatment.
HOW IS JOINT PAIN TREATED?
The goal of the treatment is to reduce pain and inflammation, and preserve joint function. Treatment options include:
• Muscle relaxants to treat muscle spasms (may be used together with NSAIDs to increase the effect)
• antidepressants and antiepileptic drugs (which both interfere with pain signals)
• physical therapy
• home care
DID YOU KNOW?
The knee joint is the most commonly affected joint
Joint pain is very common these days. Knee-joint pain can give a lot of muscle pain and make it very difficult to facilitate movement. Knee-joint pain occurs mainly due to conditions like arthritis. There are 100 different types of arthritis or knee pain conditions.
The different types of arthritis are:
1. Inflammatory arthritis - This is also called psoriatic arthritis. Our immune system generates inflammation. It does so to prevent disease and help boost our immune system. But sometimes, the inflammation increases and goes awry. In this case, inflammatory arthritis occurs. Inflammatory arthritis is also called rheumatoid arthritis
2. Infectious arthritis - This arthritis is caused when bacteria or fungi enters the joint and thus, our joints get affected. Infectious arthritis can occur due to food poisoning, contamination or perhaps through sexual transmission.
3. Metabolic arthritis - This arthritis occurs when the quantity of uric acid increases in the body. This can be very harmful and can form needles like crystals in the joint. Metabolic arthritis can also cause disability if proper measures are not taken.
Arthritis can cause acute knee pain, hip pain and muscle pain. Osteoarthritis is a condition which can be caused by ageing, obesity and injury. Osteoarthritis causes severe knee-joint pain and also hip pain in severe cases. Symptoms of osteoarthritis are:
1. Swelling, cracking and warmth of the affected joint are early symptoms of osteoarthritis.
2. When your joints start paining after a prolonged period of inactivity like sitting in the theater, keeping your legs in the same position for a long time. Such pain is an early symptom of osteoarthritis.
3. Sometime the joints make a clicking sound during movement of the body, this can also be a symptom of osteoarthritis.
4. The intensity of pain increases towards the end of the day if you have osteoarthritis.
5. Pain in groin area or buttocks. If the hip area is affected then hip pain is severe.
Arthritis can be devastating, it makes your day to day activities extremely difficult and can give you immense discomfort. Arthritis cannot be treated fully but knee pain, hip pain and muscle pain can be reduced to a great extent by following some arthritis treatment such as:
1. Painkillers- Consuming painkiller such as paracetamol. It is better to take paracetamol before engaging in activities which involves using a lot of muscles and doing outdoor activities. It soothes the pain.
2. Non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs- These drugs reduce pain, stiffness and swelling. They should only be used when the pain flares up and becomes unbearable. Some non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are also sold as creams and can directly be applied to the affected area.
3. Hydrotherapy- This therapy is very important and also useful for curing arthritis. Hydrotherapy involves exercising in water. Exercising in water makes your body feel light and hence the weight of your body is not felt on your joints.
4. Physiotherapy- It improves your muscle strength. A physiotherapist assigns special exercises specifically tailored for you. This makes your muscles strong when combating arthritis.
Above are the top doctors for join pain in Delhi, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon and Indore.