Bursitis' is known as the inflammation of Bursae, the cushion like structure which protects and lubricates the sites of contact in tendons, muscles, bones, skin and joints which rub against each other. Repeated movements, overuse , advanced age, trauma and excessive pressure on these structures can result in bursitis, which usually occurs in sportsmen and heavy workers. This can also arise with underlying disease conditions like arthritis or infections such as septic bursitis. The commonest sites affected are knee, hip, shoulder, elbow or Achilles tendon in the foot. Patients will complain of dull pain, tenderness and swelling in the affected site. Redness, warmth, fever and disability can also be noted.
HOW IS BURSITIS DIAGNOSED?
Orthopedicians may diagnose bursitis through physical examination. They may order for X-ray of the affected joints for a clearer picture of the damage. Fluid from the bursa may be removed for analysis. Blood tests may be required for confirming other infections like rheumatoid arthritis.
HOW IS BURSITIS TREATED?
Most cases of bursitis can be treated at home. Resting the affected area, using an ice pack to reduce inflammation, and taking painkillers such as aspirin, paracetamol and ibuprofen will provide relief. Other treatments are:
• Physical therapy
• Exercises to build strength and keep the joint mobile as pain goes away
• Removing fluid from the bursa and getting a shot of corticosteroid
• Surgery in severe cases
DID YOU KNOW?
You must keep away from strenuous activities like gardening, sports and others to heal properly.