Anal fissures are tears or cracks in the anal canal or cavity. They are normally caused due to trauma. Non-traumatic diseases in the past also results in anal fissures. The most common symptom of anal fissure is bleeding, pain during bowel movement, malodorous discharge and itching. Chronic fissures can also be caused due to severe diarrhea or constipation. Trauma to the skin between the anus and the vagina during childbirth can also result in chronic fissures.
Symptoms of anal fissures include pain while passing stools, blood droplets from the anus, irritation or itching in and around the anus, a crack around the rectum and a small lump near the fissure. There are certain factors that can increase your susceptibility to developing anal fissures like old age, constipation, childbirth, inflammatory bowel disease and anal intercourse. If anal fissures are not cured on time, it can give rise to lot of complications. Most of the times anal fissures take a long time to heal on their own, and the inflammation continues for more than several weeks. As such it is important to visit a certified gastroenterologist or a rectal surgeon. In severe conditions anal fissures might extend into the internal anal sphincter (ring of the muscle which closes your anus). This makes it very difficult for the anal fissure to heal. In such cases, surgery is recommended. Treatment of fissures on time is highly important or it can be very fatal for health.