This is a shoulder problem that is most commonly experienced by sports persons, and swimmers in particular. This condition is characterised by pain that may be experienced due to the wear and tear in the shoulder joints and cartilage. This wear and tear may be caused by the repetitive swinging or arc like movement that one indulges in.
HOW IS PAINFUL ARC SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
Painful Arc syndrome can usually be diagnosed by history and physical exam. The physician may inject lidocaine for testing as it supports the diagnosis for painful arc syndrome, but it is also therapeutic. X-rays, Ultrasonography, arthrography and MRI can be used to detect rotator cuff muscle pathology. MRI is the best imaging test prior to arthroscopic surgery.
HOW IS PAINFUL ARC SYNDROME TREATED?
Sometimes painful arc syndrome or small tears get better on their own with the help of anti-inflammatory painkillers and a change in the activity that may have caused them. A steroid and local anesthetic injection into the shoulder can sometime reduce pain. Physiotherapy may help gain strength and range of motion. Therapeutic injections of corticosteroid and local anaesthetic may be used for. If conservative treatment is not successful your consultant may recommend shoulder surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
Till the injury heals, it is suggested to avoid shoulder stress or carry heavy weights. However, lighter forms of exercises can be continued along with massage.