Cardiac catheterization involves a medical procedure used for diagnosing and treating some heart conditions. A thin, long, flexible tube called catheter is inserted into a blood vessel in your neck, groin or arm and threaded to your heart. Cardiologist can perform diagnostic tests and treatments through catheter. The catheter is also used to perform coronary catheterization, which is a minimally invasive procedure for accessing blood filled chambers of the heart and coronary circulation.
Who is the right candidate for cardiac catheterization?
Doctors would recommend cardiac catheterization for different reasons. The very common reason is to examine chest pain. Chest pain would be a symptom of CHD and cardiac catheterization will show whether plaque is blocking arteries or narrowing. Cardiac Catheterization Treatment can also be done by means of a procedure known as PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention).
A balloon septostomy procedure is used for creating opening in the wall between upper chambers of heart. While performing PCI, a catheter having a balloon on its tip will be threaded to coronary artery that is blocked. Once in position, the balloon is inflated, while pushing the plaque against the artery wall. This will develop a wider path for blood flow to the heart.
The procedure normally lasts for 2 or 3 hours. If further intervention is required, stent implantation, an angioplasty or other procedure can be performed.
Results of cardiac catheterization
Cardiac catheterization confirms or evaluates the presence of heart diseases like heart valve disease, coronary heart disease or heart valve disease and also to examine heart muscle function.