It is a non cancerous increase in size of the prostate. It involves hyperplasia of prostatic stromal and epithelial cells. The symptoms are: 1. Need to urinate frequently 2. Waking at night to urinate 3. Involuntary urination 4. Urinary hesitancy, intermittency and terminal dribbling 5. Bladder pain or pain while urinating
HOW IS BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY DIAGNOSED?
Urologists may order for digital rectal examination for diagnosis of BPH. Supporting diagnostic tests are: Urinalysis, Urine culture, prostate specific antigen and testing of creatinine, urea and blood urea nitrogen. Imaging tests like Ultrasonography and Endoscopy may also be performed.
HOW IS BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY TREATED?
The treatment includes: 1. Lifestyle modification such as decreasing fluid intake before bedtime, moderating consumption of alcohol and caffeine containing products. 2. Antihistamines, decongestants, opiates and tricyclic antidepressants are prescribed 3. Ayurvedic and homeopathic medications 4. TURP surgery 5. Self catheterization
DID YOU KNOW?
Kegel exercises are helpful in preventing urine leakage. It can be done by repeated tightening and releasing the pelvic muscle. Physicians recommend practicing this exercise while urinating in order to isolate the specific muscle.