Cystoscopy is a procedure by which a doctor can examine the bladder and the urethra from the inside. Cystoscopy is a diagnostic and surgical procedure. A Cystoscope is a small highly sophisticated instrument that can reach areas that are not revealed on the x-ray or ultrasound. Cystoscope treatment allows the doctor to obtain samples of tissue and urine for further analysis. It can also be employed to remove small abnormal growths, infected tissue and blockages and stones. Cystoscopy is recommended for diagnosis of problems of the urinary system including incontinence, blockages, and infections of the urinary tract. The urologist may perform cystoscopy for inserting a stent that allows unhindered flow of urine from the kidneys to the bladder. The Cystoscope is a small instrument with a high-end probe and a light beam attached to its head. It can be easily inserted into the bladder. The probes take pictures of the internal organs and project them on the screen for further analysis and diagnostic procedures. A rigid Cystoscope is a thin straight metal tube through which other instruments can be passed for the treatment of disorders or collection of samples. A local or general anesthesia is used during the procedure to eliminate any pain that the patient may feel and also to relax the organs for easy manipulation of instruments. The entire procedure may take forty-five minutes to an hour. And the patient may return home on the same day after regaining consciousness. Complications are rare, however, some patients may experience pain or discomfort while passing urine.