Inflammation of the sinus tissues causes Sinusitis. Usually the sinus contains air but when fluid fills in causing the growth of germs, then it leads to infection. Common cold, nasal polyps, allergic rhinitis, etc. can be the cause of this ailment. Cough, congestion, runny nose, facial pain, fatigue, fever, bad breath and dental pain are some of the symptoms caused in case of acute sinusitis while the signs arising out of chronic form are nasal cavity pus, nasal blockage, congestion feeling in the face, headache and toothache.
HOW IS SINUSITIS DIAGNOSED?
The ENT specialist conducts a physical examination and a nasal endoscopy to check the nasal and sinus areas.
HOW IS SINUSITIS TREATED?
Decongestant is usually prescribed for patients with mild infection. Antibiotics effectively treat the symptoms. The doctor also recommends warm compress, saline nose drops or decongestant drops. For patients prone to allergies, antihistamines are prescribed. In certain cases antifungal drugs and immunoglobulin are also given by the doctor.
DID YOU KNOW?
Very rarely but if left untreated this ailment can lead to either meningitis or severe bone infection.