PCOS, also known as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, is a condition in which a woman’s levels of the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. This, in turn, leads to the growth of ovarian cysts. PCOS can cause problems with a woman’s menstrual cycle, fertility, cardiac function and appearance. Normally, it is believed that hormonal imbalances and genetics play a role in causing PCOS. Some of the common signs and symptoms of PCOS include decrease in breast size, deeper voice, thin hair, weight gain, excess hair on the face, and many more.
HOW IS PCOS DIAGNOSED?
Although there is no definitive test for PCOS, however, a Gynecologist diagnoses PCOS by examining the medical history and performing a physical and pelvic examination to look for signs of PCOS. Also, a vaginal ultrasound is conducted to check PCOS.
HOW IS PCOS TREATED?
The treatment of PCOS is not curative and its treatment focuses on controlling the symptoms and managing the condition to prevent complications. A healthier diet and regular exercise is recommended for all women with PCOS.
DID YOU KNOW?
Women with PCOS have a higher risk of developing heart attack, high cholesterol, and depression, among others.