Onchocerciasis is a condition that is caused by a parasite called Onchocerca volvulus and this is also referred to as river blindness and Robles disease. The symptoms associated with the same include itching in the eye area, bumps under the skin, and also blindness in some cases. One may also suffer from skin atrophy and glaucoma like symptoms here.
HOW IS ONCHOCERCIASIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by an ophthalmologist or general physician who would do a vision test along with biopsy of some skin parts to check for bacteria.
HOW IS ONCHOCERCIASIS TREATED?
Ivermectin is usually used for the treatment of this condition. It should be administered at least once a year to children between the age of 10 to 15 years of age. This drug should be administered especially in areas like Central Africa where this condition is rampant.
DID YOU KNOW?
This disease is most prevalent in Africa with up to 99% of all the cases being reported from here.