Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects the brain and spinal cord. It damages the myelin sheath, the material that surrounds and protects the nerve cells. This damage slows down or blocks messages between the brain and body, leading to the symptoms of MS. They can include
• Visual disturbances
• Muscle weakness
• Trouble with coordination and balance
• Sensations such as numbness, prickling, or ""pins and needles""
• Thinking and memory problems
HOW IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS DIAGNOSED?
The doctor is likely to start with a thorough medical history and examination. A complete neurological exam and medical history are needed to diagnose MS. The tests may include:
• Multiple sclerosis MRI scan
• Blood tests
• Lumbar puncture (spinal tap)
• Evoked potential tests
HOW IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS TREATED?
There is no cure as such but medications are prescribed to help with improving overall quality of life.
DID YOU KNOW?
The usual life expectancy of the patient is about 30 years from the start of the disease - depending on age and health of the patient.