Meningitis is a medical condition in which the meninges are inflamed. Meninges are the membranes that cover the brain and spine. Meningitis is usually caused by a viral infection. In some cases Meningitis improves with time, while other worsen and turn into life-threatening conditions. Symptoms are:
• Sudden high fever
• Stiff neck
• Severe headache
• Nausea and vomiting
• Sensitivity to light
• No appetite or thirst
• Confusion of difficulty concentrating
HOW IS MENINGITIS DIAGNOSED?
In addition to blood tests to check the presence of bacteria and CT scans, a physical examination to check for any swelling or infection along the spine, ears, heard and throat would be performed. A spinal tap to check and analyse cerebrospinal fluid would be performed to confirm this diagnosis.
HOW IS MENINGITIS TREATED?
Meningitis can be bacterial, viral and fungal. Treatment is based on the type. Bacterial meningitis is treated with intravenous antibiotics and corticosteroids. Viral meningitis cannot be cured with antibiotics but the infection goes away on its own. Bed rest, lots of liquids and some over the counter pain relievers may be prescribed.
DID YOU KNOW?
The bacterial meningitis is the most severe of all and can be contagious as well as deadly. Viral meningitis can be easily treated without any specific therapy whereas the fungal meningitis is a rather rare condition that only occurs in people with weak immune systems.