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JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis in children under the age of 17. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis causes persistent joint pain, swelling and stiffness. Some children may experience symptoms for only a few months, while others have symptoms for the rest of their lives. There is no evidence that foods, toxins, allergies or lack of vitamins play a role in developing the disease. Current research indicates that there is a genetic predisposition.
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS DIAGNOSED?
The pediatrician will perform a physical examination and ask for details of medical and family history. He may ask for some tests which include:
• CBC (complete blood count)
• Blood culture.
• Bone marrow biopsy
• Erythrocyte sedimentation rate,
• C-reactive protein (CRP) test
• A test for rheumatoid factor (RF) and cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (CCP)
• ANA (antinuclear antibody)
• X-rays of the affected joints
• bone scan.
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS TREATED?
The treatment involves physical therapy along with use of medications. The child may be required to be injected with corticosteroid injections in the affected joints. In very rare cases, kids in their teenage may need a surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
In some children the problem can be completely treated while others have to live with it.