Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine (colon). It is a common, long-term condition of the digestive system. Irritable bowel syndrome commonly causes cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea and constipation. It affects about twice as many women as men and is most often found in people younger than 45 years.
HOW IS IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
Irritable bowel syndrome is diagnosed by excluding other GI disorders that can cause similar symptoms. A complete history and physical is taken to determine the duration and frequency of symptoms. The doctor may recommend tests, including blood tests, stool tests, X-rays, or CT scans. The doctor may also send the patient to a gastroenterologist (a specialist in the digestive system). Depending on the symptoms, an upper endoscopy and/or colonoscopy may be performed
HOW IS IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME TREATED?
No single treatment is considered best for IBS. Mostly the treatment is guided towards reducing the impact of the symptoms. Diet and lifestyle changes are recommended such as avoiding caffeine, adding more fiber rich food, drinking more of water, avoiding smoking and limiting intake of dairy products.
DID YOU KNOW?
Laxatives given during this treatment can be habit forming and should be monitored closely.
IBS or Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a gastrointestinal disorder manifesting long term symptoms like abdominal pain and irregular bowel movement pattern without significant lateral internal damage. It may be categorized into the following 4 types:
• IBS with both diarrhea and constipation (IBS – M)
• IBS in which neither diarrhea or constipation is common (IBS-C)
• IBS with constipation (IBS-C)
• IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D)
The specific reasons causing IBS are unknown. Given below are some of the common causes:
• Prolonged fever
• Acute gastrointestinal infection
• Childhood physical and psychological abuse
• Stress and/or psychiatric illness
• Protozoal infection
• Excessive bacterial or fungal growth in the small intestine
Irritable Bowel Syndrome is characterized by the following symptoms:
• Urgency for bowel movement
• Change in bowel habits
• Bloating and abdominal distention
• Abdominal pain and discomfort
• Chronic fatigue, headaches and anxiety
The symptoms of abnormal bowel movement and abdominal pain are also observed in other conditions like Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), giardiasis and colon cancer. Diagnosis of Irritable Bowel Syndrome therefore is a complex procedure.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease usually occurs in the large intestine and may affect:
• The area near the anus causing rectal bleeding,
• The rectum and the lower end of the colon resulting in abdominal cramps, bloody diarrhea, and tenesmus (inability to excrete the stool completely),
• The left side of the colon causing severe colon pain, bloody diarrhea and weight loss,
• The entire colon leading to extreme abdominal cramps and colon pain besides inducing inability to eat, diarrhea, fever and weight loss.
The IBS diet includes ingredients which ease the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome:
• Medication: Doctors often prescribe laxatives for stool softening. In severe cases of IBS, morphine and oxycodone may also be administered. Anti-spasmodic are used to reduce the severity of cramps and diarrhea.
• Low FODMAP diet: Consumption of Fermentable Oligo- Di- and Monosaccharides And Polyols have been proven to increase the symptoms of IBS. A significant reduction in their intake helps counter the symptoms of IBS and IBD.
• Soluble Fibre: Increasing consumption of soluble fibre helps to make defecation easier by increasing the volume of the stool. The intake of non-soluble fibre is however advised against.
When IBS results from psychological trauma or stress, it is quite common for stress-relieving sessions and psychological therapies to be recommended. Yogasanas benefitting bowel movements are also helpful. Peppermint oil and acupuncture can also be suggested.
At Lybrate, a team of the best doctors and gastroenterologists provide answers to your doubts about bowel syndrome, colon pain etc. Send your question directly or book a consultation appointment with your preferred doctor for free on our website. Search for the top doctors and gastroenterologists in Delhi, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon, Indore, etc. Subscribe immediately to Lybrate.com for information on the difference between IBS and IBD, colon pain, bowel pain cures and a lot more.
Call doctors and view Irritable Bowel Syndrome treatment cost in Aamrai, Balaji Nagar, Bapat Mala, Bhokare Colony, Chandani Chowk, Chandanwadi and in any other locality in Sangli. On Lybrate you can connect with top doctors, book appointment online, see reviews, consultation fees for Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
All doctors listed above are best doctors available in Vikas Chowk , Sangli for Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Post a free query today at Lybrate and receive answers from top doctors.