Epilepsy is characterized by frequent seizures. There can be different types of epilepsy and there can be several types of seizures. There can be generalized seizures, when the person may cry out or shout and then show rhythmic movements of hands and legs with eyes wide open. There can be partial or focal seizures too, wherein a part of the body is affected. There are also the absence or petit mal seizures, common in children, which are characterized with impairment of consciousness.
HOW IS EPILEPSY DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis involves understanding the types of seizures as there are specific treatments for each. A neurology expert will check on the medical history along with conducting a complete physical and neurological exam consisting of checking muscle strength, reflexes, eyesight and hearing ability. An electroencephalogram (EEG) test along with MRI, blood tests and other tests are conducted to further diagnose the condition.
HOW IS EPILEPSY TREATED?
Treatment is of different types based on the types of seizures. Ketogenic Diet is one of the oldest and effective forms of treatment.
DID YOU KNOW?
Creating a safe home environment is essential to prevent accidents and serious complications for people with epilepsy when they experience seizures. Consider carpeting, closing fireplaces and using electronic devices that have auto-shut off option.