Diabetes Insipidus is a condition when the kidneys secrete more urine than usual. This happens because of resistance to vasopressin – the antidiuretic hormone. Vasopressin is the hormone secreted by the pituitary gland which is stored in the hypothalamus. Diabetes Insipidus is different from Diabetes Mellitus because the glucose is not excreted in the urine.
People who have Diabetes Insipidus have symptoms like fatigue, tiredness, dizziness, confusion, nausea and sluggishness and they are similar to diabetes symptoms. There are three types of Diabetes Insipidus namely gestational which occurs during pregnancy, where the mother's placenta produces resistance to vasopressin hormone. Nephrogenic diabetes occurs when the kidneys lose the response to the antidiuretic hormone and hence fluid balance in the body is lost. Dispogenic diabetes insipidus is when there is a dysfunction with the thirst mechanism in the body and intake of fluids is more and they need to be excreted from the body.
Diabetes Insipidus is socially disabling because the person has to visit the restroom frequently. Anyone who is suffering from any of the symptoms should immediately visit a nephrologist or endocrinologist. Doctor will suggest some tests like fluid deprivation test to understand the cause of the disease.
The best way to manage Diabetes Insipidus is by taking correct amount of fluids that will keep the body well hydrated and prevent dehydration.
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