Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that severely affects the respiratory and digestive system. This disease affects the cells that produce mucus, sweat, and digestive juices. Screening of Cystic Fibrosis is being done extensively; hence, it can be detected within the first month of birth. Common symptoms are:
• Higher than normal salt level in sweat
• Pancreatitis, diabetes and infertility in adults
• A persistent cough, wheezing, breathlessness, and study nose in case of respiratory infection
• Foul smelling and greasy stools, poor weight gain, severe constipation and intestinal blockage in case of digestive tract infection
HOW IS CYSTIC FIBROSIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis for Cystic Fibrosis may be done through one of these tests:
• Blood tests
• Sweat tests
• Genetic testing
HOW IS CYSTIC FIBROSIS TREATED?
General physicians may treat Cystic Fibrosis based on the symptoms. Close monitoring and early aggressive intervention are necessary to prevent further complications of cystic fibrosis. Medications are given to treat lung infections. Mucus-thinning drugs are given to thin the mucus and improve lung function. Physical therapy for the chest is also given. Some cases may require surgical removal of the cysts.