Constipation refers to reduced or difficult bowel movements where the stool is also hard if it does get to pass through the system. The symptoms of this condition include straining to get a motion in the morning, swelling or pain in the abdomen, gas and vomiting.
HOW IS CONSTIPATION DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is essentially made by a general physician or a surgeon based on the patient’s description of the symptoms. Bowel movements that are difficult to pass, very firm, or made up of small hard pellets qualify as constipation, even if they occur every day. During the physical examination, scybala (manually palpable lumps of stool) may be detected by palpation of the abdomen. Rectal examination gives an impression of the anal sphincter tone and whether the lower rectum contains any feces or not. An X Ray is done to check for accumulation of feces in the pelvic area
HOW IS CONSTIPATION TREATED?
Mild constipation can be easily treated with home remedies and often provide good results. Common home treatments for constipation are increasing fluid intake, eating fiber rich food, usage of mild over the counter laxatives. If constipation causes blood in stools or severe pain or loss of weight, then medical help is needed. Laxatives may ease constipation. Regular exercise may prevent constipation.
DID YOU KNOW?
Paediatric treatment for constipation is lactulose and milk of magnesia for loosening stools
Constipation is commonly caused by nutritional deficiencies, hormonal imbalances, and a sudden change in diet or lifestyle, lack of physical activity and lack of fluids in the body. Occasionally, the problem may also be a symptom of a serious underlying issue such as poor functioning of the thyroid gland, excess absorption of calcium, cysts in the ovary, infections or inflammation in the bowels etc. The frequently reported symptoms of constipation are an uncomfortable feeling of bloating, abdominal pain, vomiting, extreme difficulty and pain in passing stool. The bowels are not emptied properly and regularly causing complications. A healthy person should have at least three bowel movements in a week, preferably more. Otherwise, the condition is known as constipation.
The home remedies of constipation have been seen to have great benefits and can effectively restore healthy bowel functions. Unless, the problem is quite severe, simple home remedies for constipation can work just fine. A proper nutritious diet and regular physical exercise are, of course, of paramount importance. Along with this, you can take juices of citrus fruits, olive oil, aloe-vera juice, black tea, green tea, warm milk, honey, warm water, baking soda solution and flaxseed oil to cleanse your system of toxins and to improve the functioning of the muscles of the digestive system. It is best to avoid processed food, saturated fats, pork, cheese, caffeine and alcohol. It is important to include at least 25 to 30 grams of fiber (for women) and 30 to 35 grams of fiber (for men) in your daily diet in order to facilitate bowel movements and the passage of the food through the digestive tract easily. You may also use laxatives in order to gain relief from constipation but the overuse of laxatives is harmful for the digestive system as the muscles are weakened and loosened and this may eventually worsen the constipation problem.
Constipation during pregnancy occurs in about 50% of pregnant women worldwide. The pregnancy hormone progesterone relaxes all the smooth muscles of the body and this includes the muscles of the bowels. This leads to constipation. The condition rarely worsens or causes complications but if you experience extreme pain while passing stool or pass blood and mucus with stool, you should immediately consult a doctor. In most cases, small frequent meals, probiotic bacteria and regular exercise are sufficient to keep the condition in check.
Lybrate has an entire network of general physicians all of whom you can access at the click of a mouse across the length and breadth of the country from Thane, Thoothukudi, Vadodara, Visakhapatnam, Bangalore. You can book appointments and consult them online as well. Once you subscribe with Lybrate, you can get tips on how to cope with depression and anxiety on a regular basis.
You can consult doctors online for Constipation from anywhere, anytime at Lybrate. View consultation fee, reviews and patient feedback before consulting. Find best doctors in Aamrai, Balaji Nagar, Bapat Mala, Bhokare Colony, Chandani Chowk, Chandanwadi and in any other locality in Sangli.
You can see above a list of top doctors in Aamrai, Sangli for Constipation. Ask a question for free at Lybrate today and receive answers from best doctors.