Colonic Diverticular Disease is a medical condition that involves the development of sacs in the wall of the colon, diverticular bleeding and diverticulitis. Diverticulosis is the formation of small pockets in the bowel lining. Diverticulitis occurs when these pockets are inflamed. Symptoms of Colonic Diverticular Disease are:
• Alternating diarrhoea and constipation
• Painful cramps or tenderness in lower abdomen
• Chills or fever
HOW IS COLONIC DIVERTICULAR DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Gastroenterologists first conduct a physical examination and evaluate patient history. Other diagnostic tests are:
• Digital rectal exam
• CT Scan
• Ultrasound tests
• Blood tests
Angiography may be performed to locate the source of bleeding.
HOW IS COLONIC DIVERTICULAR DISEASE TREATED?
People with no symptoms of the disease may not require treatment, but careful and routine monitoring of the colon is required. Consumption of a high fibre diet may be followed for avoiding constipation. In the case of complications in the disease, surgery may be required.
DID YOU KNOW?
Laxatives and enema should be avoided for people with Colonic Diverticular Disease.