Cirrhosis is a progressive liver disease which tends to replace the healthy liver tissues with scarred tissues thereby slowly affecting the normal functioning of the liver. The scar tissue typically blocks blood flow through the liver and this leads to delayed processing of nutrients, hormones, drugs as well as natural production of toxins by the liver. The proteins and other substances made by the liver get also affected. Symptoms vary based on the stage of the disease. Loss of appetite, fatigue, sudden and unexplained weight loss, yellow and itchy skin, fluid retention leading to swollen ankles along with blood in the stool and fever are common symptoms.
HOW IS CIRRHOSIS DIAGNOSED?
A thorough examination by a general physicianalong with blood tests and CT scans can help in diagnosis. Sometimes, the condition is diagnosed during a surgery when a doctor is able to clearly view the liver. A biopsy may be needed to confirm the condition.
HOW IS CIRRHOSIS TREATED?
Nitrates and beta blockers will be prescribed by the gastroenterologist at the first instance. Further, banding procedures and intravenous antibiotics will be administered. Liver transplant is the final resort in case the above methods do not cure the patient.
DID YOU KNOW?
Liver transplantation is an option of last resort when other treatments fail