Calculus is a stone, as in the urinary tract, or calcium salt deposits on the teeth. It is a concretion of material, usually mineral salts, that forms in an organ or duct of the body. It may cause pain, nausea, vomiting, hematuria, and possibly, chills and fever due to secondary infection.
HOW IS CALCULUS DIAGNOSED?
The medical practitioner will perform a physical examination along with medical history and suggest tests like urinalysis, radiologic imaging, CT scan and ultrasound.
HOW IS CALCULUS TREATED?
General surgeons may recommend surgical removal of stones that are of large size and causing inflammation. Calculus that is small sized can be dissolved through medication. Another treatment method is the extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.
DID YOU KNOW?
Lab tests involving blood and urine samples can also be carried out in such cases.