Actinomycosis is a bacterial disease caused by actinomyces species. Actinomycosis causes formation of painful abscesses in the lungs, mouth and the gastrointestinal tract. The most common occurrence is in the oral cavity. The abscesses usually grow larger in size as the disease progresses and in severe cases their growth penetrates through the surrounding muscle and bone. Large abscesses often break open and leak large amounts of pus filled with progeny bacteria. In humans, actinomycosis is often caused due to poor oral hygiene, recent dental work, trauma due to a broken jaw, periodontal disease or radiation therapy
HOW IS ACTINOMYCOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Actinomycosis can be diagnosed by General Physician by taking fluid tissue from the infected area and examining it thoroughly for the bacteria Actinomycetaceae that causes it.
HOW IS ACTINOMYCOSIS TREATED?
Treatments of the condition includes surgically draining the abscess and a full course of antibiotics which could extend up to a year.
DID YOU KNOW?
This infection can seldom affect the lungs or lead to meningitis. Good oral hygiene and regular dental check up help in preventing this condition. It is also known by the name of lumpy jaw and is contagious in nature.