Menstrual period is a normal every month cycle that leads to the discharge of menstrual blood in woman or a girl past her puberty. There can be some aches and discomforts prior to the onset of the monthly period as well as menstrual cramps during the period. The premenstrual syndrome and menstrual pain together are termed as menstrual problems. Some amount of discomfort and crampy feeling is normal but if the symptoms such as bloating, irritability, backaches, headaches, fatigue, acne, depression, anxiety, diarrhoea and stomach cramps become too prominent that they interfere with your routine activities, the condition may constitute menstrual disorders.
HOW IS MENSTRUAL DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
The first step in diagnosing the problem is to visit your gynaecology specialist for a thorough physical examination. The doctor will likely do a pelvic exam to rule out any complications that may be causing the menstrual disorders. Blood tests will help in identifying any hormonal imbalance. The doctor may recommend endometrial biopsy, hysteroscopy and ultrasound to further investigate.
HOW IS MENSTRUAL DISORDERS TREATED?
The treatment is based on the type of problem – whether it is premenstrual syndrome (PMS), painful period, heavy period or absent period. Birth control pills help in stabilizing the hormones and give relief.
DID YOU KNOW?
Doctor may recommend a thyroid function test as thyroid hormone imbalance may also cause menstrual disorders.