Vitreoretinal surgery refers to any operation to treat eye problems involving the retina, macula, and vitreous fluid. These include retinal detachment, macular hole, epiretinal membrane and complications related to diabetic retinopathy. Various vitreoretinal surgical and laser approaches can restore, preserve and enhance vision for many eye conditions such as certain types of age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic vitreous hemorrhage, macular hole, a detached retina, epiretinal membrane and CMV retinitis. General ophthalmologists, other ophthalmologist sub-specialists and optometrists usually refer patients in need of vitreoretinal management to a specialist. Certain people have a greater chance of getting a retinal detachment than others: those with a high degree of nearsightedness (myopia), a family history of retinal detachment, or those who once had retinal detachment in the other eye. Surgeon will make three tiny incisions in the eye to create openings for the various instruments that will be inserted to complete the vitrectomy.These incisions are placed in the pars plana of the eye, located just behind the iris but in front of the retina. After a procedure, you will use antibiotic eye drops for about the first week and anti-inflammatory eye drop medications for several weeks. Vitrectomies have a very high success rate. Bleeding, infection, progression of cataract and retinal detachment are potential problems, but these complications are relatively unusual. For most patients who undergo a vitrectomy, sight is restored or significantly improved. The procedure is a marvel of modern medicine for people with conditions that might be blinding otherwise.
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